Natural gas pipelines
Citizens for the Preservation
of Floyd County
Citizens for the Preservation
of Floyd County
http://p...
Overview
1. Mountain Valley pipeline proposed June, 2014
2. FERC Process
3. Basic gas pipeline information
4. History of m...
1. Mountain Valley Pipeline
• Proposed June 12, 2014
• A 330 mile 42-inch pipeline
– from West Virginia to Pittsylvania Co...
Crossing the
middle of
Floyd County
This is from the EQT “open
season” document
June 12.
It is the best official map we ha...
We asked EQT for a better map
• Unfortunately, I cannot provide you with a map that is any more detailed than that provide...
Preliminary map of the MVP route through Floyd.
Even though Floyd
residents are being
asked to allow
surveyors on their
la...
2. Process with FERC
• Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
– Has authority to issue permits & licenses
– Pre-filing proce...
Pipeline
permitting
process from
FERC
(Continued on
next slide)
Pipeline
permitting
process
from FERC
(from previous slide)
What we don’t know
• What are exact proposed routes? Who might be
affected?
• What safety issues? What improvements could
...
3. Basic facts & terms
• ‘Natural’ gas – methane from oil and gas wells
• ‘Manufactured gas’ from coal, widespread use 180...
Gas pipeline system 305,000 miles (More than Interstate highways)
4. Background
• Coal Gas lights installed, Pall Mall, London, 1812
• Coal Gas lights streets of Baltimore 1816
• First maj...
20th Century gas accidents
• 1927, Nov. 14, Pittsburgh, Equitable Gas explosion, 28 dead, hundreds injured.
Workers search...
LNG storage on Staten Island was never used after the 1973
accident that killed 40 workers
2013 Photo – see Staten Island ...
Pipeline accidents
• 1986 – 2012 (ProPublica study)
– 7,763 incidents ( half gas, half chemicals)
– 536 fatalities, 2,366 ...
Pipeline incidents by cause
16 % -- Other outside force damage
22% -- Outside force damage
22% -- Material weld equipment ...
Rail & truck versus pipeline
• Trucks – 20 incidents per billion ton-miles
– 37 times more likely to injure workers than p...
Erin Brockovich
• Natural gas compressor stations once used
highly carcinogenic hexavalent chromium (aka
chromium 6) as an...
Keystone XL is an oil pipeline
• Controversial because it helps
open Canadian tar sands
• Numerous climate-related
protest...
4. Current controversy
• Hydraulic fracturing is source of new gas &
reason for pipeline expansion
• Water quality issues ...
July 14, 2014
Two dozen protesters were arrested in Washington Monday after they blocked
entrances to the federal commissi...
Fracking controversy
• New York towns can ban fracking under a June
30, 2014 state court decision
• California is stopped ...
EDF’s five concerns about gas
• Protect groundwater (mercury, cr 6)
• Treat fracking wastewater (proper disposal)
• Contro...
5. Pro / con pipeline*
Pro:
• Far safer way to deliver
gas than rail or trucks
• Cleaner burning than
coal or oil
• Possib...
6. More information
• FERC main site and process information
• Safety issues
• http://projects.propublica.org/pipelines/
•...
CPFC Pipeline Info
CPFC Pipeline Info
CPFC Pipeline Info
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CPFC Pipeline Info

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Information for the Citizens for Preserving Floyd County, July 17, 2014, concerning the EQT Mountain View Pipeline.

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CPFC Pipeline Info

  1. 1. Natural gas pipelines Citizens for the Preservation of Floyd County Citizens for the Preservation of Floyd County http://preservefloyd.org
  2. 2. Overview 1. Mountain Valley pipeline proposed June, 2014 2. FERC Process 3. Basic gas pipeline information 4. History of manufactured and natural gas – Safety problems – Current controversies 5. Pro – Con 6. More information
  3. 3. 1. Mountain Valley Pipeline • Proposed June 12, 2014 • A 330 mile 42-inch pipeline – from West Virginia to Pittsylvania County, Virginia • Partners are EQT and NextEra Energy – EQT (Pa. 2,500 miles of gas pipelines) – NextEra Energy Inc. ($15 bn, 42 Gw capacity, Ct., Fla. -- Florida Power & Light) • Requests for contracts (open season) closed July 10. More information soon. • Purpose: To bring Marcellus and Utica shale gas (from fracking) to South Atlantic markets; possibly also exports.
  4. 4. Crossing the middle of Floyd County This is from the EQT “open season” document June 12. It is the best official map we have as of July 20, 2014
  5. 5. We asked EQT for a better map • Unfortunately, I cannot provide you with a map that is any more detailed than that provided in the open season document, and sent along with the news release (same map). • At this time, a fully detailed map with exact routing, pipe diameter, intersect points, etc is not available until the open season is "closed" and capacity interest is evaluated. • The project remains at the very early stages of gauging interest from producers and other potential shippers. • Community outreach information, schedules, and detailed maps for pipeline projects are typically made available once the feasibility process is complete. The only public documentation available is the news release and open season. Thank you and I hope this information helps you to understand where we are in the process. • Julie Cox, EQT, July 9, 2014
  6. 6. Preliminary map of the MVP route through Floyd. Even though Floyd residents are being asked to allow surveyors on their land, EQT has not released a detailed map of the pipeline route. This map, by Jeff Walker, is based on reported contacts with Floyd residents by EQT surveyors around mid-July, 2014. Rt. 221 Rt. 8 BR Parkway
  7. 7. 2. Process with FERC • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission – Has authority to issue permits & licenses – Pre-filing process will include: • Open House, in which EQT and NextEra show their maps, make their case to the public, and listen to questions • Scoping process, in which FERC takes testimony on environmental impacts and issues
  8. 8. Pipeline permitting process from FERC (Continued on next slide)
  9. 9. Pipeline permitting process from FERC (from previous slide)
  10. 10. What we don’t know • What are exact proposed routes? Who might be affected? • What safety issues? What improvements could be made with citizen input? • What environmental impacts (eg, anti-corrosive chemicals, blasting) • What historical assets or endangered species are in the path? • Where are compressor stations planned? • Are LNG storage stations planned?
  11. 11. 3. Basic facts & terms • ‘Natural’ gas – methane from oil and gas wells • ‘Manufactured gas’ from coal, widespread use 1800s - 1950s. Gas industry still responsible for many century - old cleanup issues • Fracking – Hydraulic fracturing of rock to recover natural gas from formations thousands of feet deep. Controversial. • LPG – Liquefied petroleum gas – cooking gas -- propane or butane, liquefies under modest pressure @ room temp. “Rhino” and other commercial brands. Not dangerous if used with care. • LNG – Liquefied natural gas -- methane – stored at minus 260 below zero F. Used in very large-scale export and storage facilities. Dangerous.
  12. 12. Gas pipeline system 305,000 miles (More than Interstate highways)
  13. 13. 4. Background • Coal Gas lights installed, Pall Mall, London, 1812 • Coal Gas lights streets of Baltimore 1816 • First major environmental controversies, laws and lawsuits result from discharges of coal tar from the plants in 1820s and 30s • By 1850s, most US and European cities had coal gas light • By 1950s, “natural” gas begins to replace 52,000 “manufactured” coal gas plants. Most MGPs were never cleaned up.
  14. 14. 20th Century gas accidents • 1927, Nov. 14, Pittsburgh, Equitable Gas explosion, 28 dead, hundreds injured. Workers searched for leak in gas tank with blow torch. •1937, March 18, New London (Rusk) Tx. school explosion, 500 dead. • 1944, Oct. 20, Cleveland East Ohio, LNG seeped into sewers, explosion, 130 people killed, 1 sq mile destroyed, manhole covers miles away. • 1973, Feb. 10, Staten Island, 40 workers died during cleaning operation inside an LNG tank which had been drained 10 months earlier. • Dozens more: search Gas explosions, wikipedia
  15. 15. LNG storage on Staten Island was never used after the 1973 accident that killed 40 workers 2013 Photo – see Staten Island Live story
  16. 16. Pipeline accidents • 1986 – 2012 (ProPublica study) – 7,763 incidents ( half gas, half chemicals) – 536 fatalities, 2,366 injuries – $6.75 billion property damage – Virginia 95 incidents, 5 deaths, 33 injuries • Example: At 6:11 p.m. on September 6, 2010, San Bruno, Calif. 911 received an urgent call. A gas station had just exploded and a fire with flames reaching 300 feet was raging through the neighborhood.
  17. 17. Pipeline incidents by cause 16 % -- Other outside force damage 22% -- Outside force damage 22% -- Material weld equipment failure 6% -- Incorrect operation 13% -- Excavation damage 14% -- Corrosion 6% -- All other causes Peak - 2005 - 361 incidents Data and chart by ProPublica
  18. 18. Rail & truck versus pipeline • Trucks – 20 incidents per billion ton-miles – 37 times more likely to injure workers than pipelines • Trains – 2 incidents per billion ton-miles • 30 times more likely to injure workers than pipelines • Pipelines – 0.6 incidents per billion ton-miles Source: Frasier Institute
  19. 19. Erin Brockovich • Natural gas compressor stations once used highly carcinogenic hexavalent chromium (aka chromium 6) as anti-corrosive agent • Brockovich organized a lawsuit against PG&E in 1993; • She found PG&E had known of dangers since 1960s but grossly irresponsible disposal killed many town residents • Film starred Julia Roberts 2000 • Still many problems in Hinkley, California; not a Hollywood ending • Brockovich continues to campaign for environmental justice
  20. 20. Keystone XL is an oil pipeline • Controversial because it helps open Canadian tar sands • Numerous climate-related protests • Obama administration decision deferred until 2015
  21. 21. 4. Current controversy • Hydraulic fracturing is source of new gas & reason for pipeline expansion • Water quality issues – including simple disclosure of chemicals (esp. Penn.) – Also Okla. earthquakes clearly linked to deep well injection of toxic chemicals from fracking – Exports of fracked gas a big concern • Some New York state communities have banned fracking production / but not pipeline construction
  22. 22. July 14, 2014 Two dozen protesters were arrested in Washington Monday after they blocked entrances to the federal commission reviewing a proposed natural gas export terminal and liquefaction plant in Southern Maryland. – Balt. Sun.
  23. 23. Fracking controversy • New York towns can ban fracking under a June 30, 2014 state court decision • California is stopped the re-injection of fracking wastewater, saying it is contaminating aquifers • Scientists have linked re-injection to earthquakes in Oklahoma
  24. 24. EDF’s five concerns about gas • Protect groundwater (mercury, cr 6) • Treat fracking wastewater (proper disposal) • Control air emissions (benzene, other air toxics) • Ensure climate benefits (stop methane leaks) • Empower and inform communities (disclose all fracking and gas transmission chemicals) Environmental Defense Fund / natural gas
  25. 25. 5. Pro / con pipeline* Pro: • Far safer way to deliver gas than rail or trucks • Cleaner burning than coal or oil • Possibly better for climate, but maybe not, due to methane leakage Con: • Environmental impacts – groundwater, toxics, heavy metals • Blasting may affect groundwater • Laws don’t empower citizens • Impacts on rural areas * Preliminary
  26. 26. 6. More information • FERC main site and process information • Safety issues • http://projects.propublica.org/pipelines/ • http://earthjustice.org/our_work/cases/2011/pennsylvania-gas-pipeline-challenged • http://fuelfix.com/blog/2013/10/17/pipelines-safer-than-trains-and-trucks-report-says/ • http://www2.worksafebc.com/i/posters/2012/WS_12_01.html • http://www.pbs.org/wnet/expose/2008/11/wfaa-homepage.html • • Environmental issues • http://www.garfieldfoundation.org/resources/docs/NaturalGasSector%20FS_04hr.pdf • http://www.edf.org/climate/five-areas-of-concern • Erin Brockovich - http://www.brockovich.com • • Citizens for the Preservation of Floyd County – http://PreserveFloyd.org

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