Chapter 5 CPR
Heart Attack and  Cardiac Arrest <ul><li>A heart attack occurs when heart muscle tissue dies. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac ar...
Chain of Survival <ul><li>Early access </li></ul><ul><li>Early CPR </li></ul><ul><li>Early defibrillation </li></ul><ul><l...
Performing CPR <ul><li>Check for responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the airway and check for breathing. </li></ul><ul>...
Check for Responsiveness <ul><ul><li>Tap the victim’s shoulder and ask if he or she is all right. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Open the Airway and  Check for Breathing <ul><li>Open airway with head tilt –chin lift. </li></ul><ul><li>Check breathing:...
Rescue Breaths <ul><li>Keep airway open. </li></ul><ul><li>Give two normal breaths. </li></ul><ul><li>Methods: </li></ul><...
Chest Compressions   (1 of 2) <ul><li>Two hands for adults </li></ul><ul><li>One or two hands for children </li></ul><ul><...
Chest Compressions   (2 of 2) <ul><li>Adult and child: center of chest between nipples </li></ul><ul><li>Infants: just bel...
Adult CPR  (1 of 4) <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1 and retrieve an AED if availab...
Adult CPR  (2 of 4) <ul><li>Open the airway using the head tilt-chin lift method. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing.  ...
Adult CPR  (3 of 4) <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths.  </li></ul>
Adult CPR  (4 of 4) <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths.  </li></ul>
Child CPR  (1 of 3) <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the ai...
Child CPR  (2 of 3) <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths. </li></ul>
Child CPR  (3 of 3) <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths. </li></ul>
Infant CPR  (1 of 4) <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1. </li></ul>
Infant CPR  (2 of 4) <ul><li>Open the airway by tilting the head back slightly and lifting the chin. </li></ul><ul><li>Che...
Infant CPR  (3 of 4) <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths (1 second each). </li></ul>
Infant CPR  (4 of 4) <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths for 2 minute...
Airway Obstruction <ul><li>Partial air exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mild: coughing forcefully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child  (1 of 4) <ul><li>Check the victim for choking. </li></ul>
Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child  (2 of 4) <ul><li>Locate the navel. </li></ul>
Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child  (3 of 4) <ul><li>Place thumb side of fist just above the navel.   </li>...
Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child  (4 of 4) <ul><li>Place other hand on top of first hand and give abdomin...
Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Infant  (1 of 2) <ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Give five back blow...
Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Infant  (2 of 2) <ul><li>Give five chest thrusts on the infant’s sternum in the same lo...
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05 Cpr

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05 Cpr

  1. 1. Chapter 5 CPR
  2. 2. Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest <ul><li>A heart attack occurs when heart muscle tissue dies. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac arrest results when heart stops beating. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chain of Survival <ul><li>Early access </li></ul><ul><li>Early CPR </li></ul><ul><li>Early defibrillation </li></ul><ul><li>Early advanced care </li></ul>
  4. 4. Performing CPR <ul><li>Check for responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the airway and check for breathing. </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Chest compressions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Check for Responsiveness <ul><ul><li>Tap the victim’s shoulder and ask if he or she is all right. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the victim is not responsive, have a bystander call 9-1-1. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are alone with an unresponsive child or infant, give CPR for 2 minutes (five cycles), then call 9-1-1. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Open the Airway and Check for Breathing <ul><li>Open airway with head tilt –chin lift. </li></ul><ul><li>Check breathing: Look, listen, and feel for 5 –10 seconds. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rescue Breaths <ul><li>Keep airway open. </li></ul><ul><li>Give two normal breaths. </li></ul><ul><li>Methods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth-to-barrier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth-to-nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouth-to-stoma </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Chest Compressions (1 of 2) <ul><li>Two hands for adults </li></ul><ul><li>One or two hands for children </li></ul><ul><li>Two fingers for an infant </li></ul><ul><li>Compression depth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult: 1.5 to 2 inches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child or infant: 1/3 to 1/2 depth of the chest </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Chest Compressions (2 of 2) <ul><li>Adult and child: center of chest between nipples </li></ul><ul><li>Infants: just below nipple line </li></ul><ul><li>Five cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths </li></ul><ul><li>Continue CPR until: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AED becomes available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victim shows signs of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EMS takes over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You are too tired to continue </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Adult CPR (1 of 4) <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1 and retrieve an AED if available. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Adult CPR (2 of 4) <ul><li>Open the airway using the head tilt-chin lift method. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Adult CPR (3 of 4) <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Adult CPR (4 of 4) <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Child CPR (1 of 3) <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Open the airway. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Child CPR (2 of 3) <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Child CPR (3 of 3) <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Infant CPR (1 of 4) <ul><li>Check responsiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Infant CPR (2 of 4) <ul><li>Open the airway by tilting the head back slightly and lifting the chin. </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing for 5 to 10 seconds. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Infant CPR (3 of 4) <ul><li>Give 2 rescue breaths (1 second each). </li></ul>
  20. 20. Infant CPR (4 of 4) <ul><li>Perform CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue cycles of chest compressions and breaths for 2 minutes. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Airway Obstruction <ul><li>Partial air exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mild: coughing forcefully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe: weak, ineffective cough </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete blockage: unable to breath, speak, or cough </li></ul><ul><li>Common causes of obstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tongue, vomit, foreign body, swelling, spasm </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child (1 of 4) <ul><li>Check the victim for choking. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child (2 of 4) <ul><li>Locate the navel. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child (3 of 4) <ul><li>Place thumb side of fist just above the navel. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Adult or Child (4 of 4) <ul><li>Place other hand on top of first hand and give abdominal thrusts until object is removed. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Infant (1 of 2) <ul><li>Have someone call 9-1-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Give five back blows between the infant’s shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Airway Obstruction in a Responsive Infant (2 of 2) <ul><li>Give five chest thrusts on the infant’s sternum in the same location used in CPR. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat until object is removed. If infant becomes unresponsive, begin CPR. </li></ul>

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