Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Map And Compass


Published on

M2 Sunnoto and Silva Compass and Map class

  • Be the first to comment

Map And Compass

  1. 1. MAP AND COMPASS Learning the Basics
  2. 2. MAP AND COMPASS <ul><li>Where things are and how to get to them </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the shape of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Define and locate natural and man made features </li></ul><ul><li>Distance between two places </li></ul><ul><li>Direction from one point to another </li></ul>Topographic Maps
  3. 3. MAP AND COMPASS Primary highway Secondary highway Light-duty road Unimproved road Trail Railroad: single track Railroad: double track Bridge Tunnel Footbridge Overpass - Underpass Buildings School -- church Woodland Orchard Scrub Well water – spring Rapids March (swamp) Falls TOPOGRAPHIC MAP SYMBOLS
  4. 4. MAP AND COMPASS Map Problem It’s July. Let’s suppose you’re starting a hike at A and heading for Q. PROBLEM 1. For local information or in case of emergency would you go to B, C, or D? Why? ANSWER 1. C has telephone lines next to it. B is a school and probably closed in summer. D is a cemetery. PROBLEM 2.The Wahootchee River flows NW to SE. To paddle downstream, would it be safer to launch canoes at E or F. Why? ANSWER 2. Launch them at F. The map shows rapids between E and F. PROBLEM 3.Would you cross the river at G or H? Why? ANSWER 3. Use the footbridge at G. H is a railroad bridge. PROBLEM 4. Where would you most likely find firewood – I or U? Why? ANSWER 4. At I. Because I is scrub woods. U is an orchard Problem 5. Which trail would you take – J or K? Why? ANSWER 5. K. J goes through a swamp. PROBLEM 6. Which is the easier way to reach P – Trail L or M? Why? ANSWER 6. The closer contour lines of M show a steeper climb.
  5. 5. MAP AND COMPASS Direction of Travel Arrow Magnifying Glass Bearing Index Orienting Arrow and fluorescent dots North-south lines or orienting lines Compass needle – Red points North Dial or Graduation ring
  6. 6. MAP AND COMPASS THE SYLVA SYSTEM – Easy as 1-2-3 Point the baseplate to your destination
  7. 7. MAP AND COMPASS THE SYLVA SYSTEM – Easy as 1-2-3 Set Compass Heading
  8. 8. MAP AND COMPASS THE SYLVA SYSTEM – Easy as 1-2-3 Follow Your Heading