Molecular Shapes & Hybridization

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  • Molecular Shapes & Hybridization

    1. 1. Molecular Shapes and Hybridization• What do molecular shapes tell us? • solubility properties • the degree of attraction between molecules
    2. 2. What is hybridization?• An easy way to describe/represent how certain bonding occurs at the sub-atomic level • it occurs when an s-orbital combines with a p-orbital to form an orbital of intermediate energy
    3. 3. What elements undergo Hybridization?• Elements in the columns where Be, B, C, N, and O are located
    4. 4. What do hybrids look like?Normal HybridBe He __ Be He __ __ __ __ 2s 2spLinear
    5. 5. What about Boron? Normal HybridB He __ __ __ __ B He __ __ __ __ 2s 2p 2sp Trigonal planar
    6. 6. Carbon is next... Normal HybridC He _ _ _ _ C He _ _ _ _ 2s 2p 2sp Tetrahedral
    7. 7. Here’s Nitrogen...N He _ _ _ _ N He _ _ _ _ 2s 2p 2sp Normal Hybrid Pyramidal
    8. 8. Oxygen is last. Normal HybridO He _ _ _ _ O He _ _ _ _ 2s 2p 2sp Angular or bent

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