America Ingles


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

America Ingles

  2. 2. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Read the following text carefully and answer the questions </li></ul><ul><li>Historians and mapmakers are nowadays debating the authenticity of a map that can prove that a Chinese admiral was the first person to discover America. This controversial notion, proposed by British historian Gavin Menzies, has gained credibility after the discovery of an ancient map in Shanghai. The map dates back to 1418, seventy years before Columbus stepped foot on American shores. Mr. Menzies has written a best selling book - 1421 — The Year China Discovered the World – in which he claims that Admiral Zhu Di, a Ming Dynasty seafarer, sailed the seven seas and charted new lands in a massive fleet of 300 vessels. Researchers in New Zealand are testing the map to authenticate its age. </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Mr. Menzies makes further claims about Zhu Di that turn current interpretations of history upside down. He maintains that the Chinese sailor circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan, discovered Antarctica and reached Australia three hundred and fifty years before Captain Cook. Menzies states the admiral’s discoveries were, until now, not very useful, because China underwent centuries of self-imposed isolation. Chinese cartographers and scholars do not believe in Mr. Menzies’ book and think that it is almost impossible that Zhu Di went any farther than South East Asia and India. However, the new map clearly shows America, Africa and Europe, although with the UK missing. It was bought for $500 in an antiques shop by a prominent Chinese lawyer. </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Look at the article’s headline and guess whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F): </li></ul><ul><li>a.Historians and mapmakers are debating over a map </li></ul><ul><li>b.A professional historian claimed a Chinese sailor discovered America </li></ul><ul><li>c.A Chinese map showing America is said to date back to 70 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>d.Researchers in New Zealand are authenticating the age of the map. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>e.The historian’s book turns our interpretation of history upside down. </li></ul><ul><li>f.China underwent centuries of self-imposed isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>g.Chinese scholars have always said a Chinese sailor found America. </li></ul><ul><li>h.The map was bought in an antiques shop for $5000. </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Find words in the text with the following definitions: </li></ul><ul><li>a. A person who makes maps </li></ul><ul><li>b. A sailor </li></ul><ul><li>c. Person who studies and researches historical events </li></ul><ul><li>d. Group of many ships </li></ul><ul><li>e. Sail around </li></ul><ul><li>d. A state in which you cannot see or communicate with anyone </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Reorder the words to write correct sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>circumnavigate/ the/ to/ Columbus/ Many/ before/ tried/ globe/ sailors </li></ul><ul><li>America?/ Zhu Di/ When/ arrive/ did/ in </li></ul><ul><li>in/ Christopher Columbus/ died/ 1506. </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Find ten words in the text dealing with the semantic field of the “SEA ” </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text. </li></ul><ul><li>Share your questions with other classmates / groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your partner / group your questions. </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Now you are going to listen to an adapted excerpt of Cristopher Columbus's log book. Pay attention because you will have to answer some questions in the next exercise... </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Answer these questions about the diary: </li></ul><ul><li>What time did Rodrigo de Triana shout land on October 12 th 1492? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Columbus take with him when he got to Guanahaní island? </li></ul><ul><li>What religion did Columbus think the indian had? </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>Answer these questions about the diary: </li></ul><ul><li>How many indians did Columbus take back to Spain? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Indians in La Española wear? </li></ul><ul><li>How many Spanish men stayed in La Española? </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>SPEAKING </li></ul><ul><li>In pairs you are going to perform a role play: </li></ul><ul><li>One is Zhu Di and the other is Christopher Columbus. </li></ul><ul><li>You meet in an imaginary stage and try to convince the audience that you were the first person to arrive in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Take turns to speak. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a brief outline of the conversation before performing the dialogue. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for some information in the Internet to make your speech more credible. </li></ul>
  14. 14. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA <ul><li>WRITING </li></ul><ul><li>Now, imagine you are Christopher Columbus. Write some lines in your log book. The date is October 12 th and you have just arrived in America. You can use some of the knowledge you learnt in Social Science, Natural Science and Music. </li></ul><ul><li>Add some pictures in it. </li></ul>