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Poultry equipment for broilers

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Poultry equipment for broilers

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Poultry equipment for broilers

  1. 1. What is a broiler? Broiler chickens are grown for their meat. These chickens are the ones we purchase at the grocery stores and eat for dinner.
  2. 2. Life Cycle • Fertile eggs take 21 days to hatch. • Chicks hatch, are vaccinated, and incubated. • Taken to chicken houses where • the flocks live together. -- Flock is a large group of birds. – Over 20,000 chicks may live together in the houses. • Chickens are kept until they are 6 weeks old. • Chickens are picked up and taken to the processor to be prepared for sale in stores.
  3. 3. Chicken Houses • Floor is covered with dry pine shavings. • Feed and water are available for the chicks to enjoy. • Houses are heated because the chicks do not have enough feathers to stay warm, when they get older the temperature is lowered. • Houses have fans to circulate the air and to bring in fresh air.
  4. 4. Poultry Equipment Used On Broiler Farms
  5. 5. Broiler houses & equipment are constantly being updated and improved. A poultry house may be used for 25 years or more, however.
  6. 6. This new broiler house is 40 feet wide and 500 feet long. It will have 22,000 broiler chickens stocked during each flock.
  7. 7. Most farms have two or more houses for growing broiler chickens. Each flock of chickens is grown for about eight & one half weeks.
  8. 8. Cool cell pad for cooling.
  9. 9. The cool cell has water flowing through it to create the evaporative style of cooling.
  10. 10. Recycle pump for cool cell system.
  11. 11. Two layers of cool cell pads with two feet of space between.
  12. 12. The funnel shape allows fans to move greater amounts of air.
  13. 13. This sensor replaces the old style thermometer and thermostat.
  14. 14. Fans in operation with the tunnel ventilation system.
  15. 15. This propane gas furnace is part of the heating system for this house. Five of these heaters are in each house.
  16. 16. These radiant brooders are used with the gas furnaces to warm the half of the house that is heated during the first two weeks.
  17. 17. Propane gas is stored in 1000 gallon tanks at each house.
  18. 18. The half-house curtain is lowered during the first two weeks so that only half of the house is heated.
  19. 19. Central control panel that controls every system in the house.
  20. 20. These over-ride devices allow the grower to manually control the heating and cooling.
  21. 21. This alarm system sounds a siren when anything goes wrong inside the house.
  22. 22. Two feed bins are required by most poultry companies to store feed for the chickens.
  23. 23. These feed bins have see-through covers at the bottom to monitor the flow of feed to the auger.
  24. 24. The feed hopper in the house holds the feed before it goes out through the auger & into the feed pans.
  25. 25. Feed goes through the auger lines & drops into each feed pan for the chickens to eat.
  26. 26. The motor on the end of the feeder line turns the auger inside to move the feed down the line.
  27. 27. The drop-tube is turned down during the first week of growth to allow feed to fall into a movable tray to be more accessible to the baby chicks.
  28. 28. These feed trays have been taken up, washed, stacked & stored after being used under the drop tubes of the feeder.
  29. 29. The drop-tubes are turned to the side to close them when not in use.
  30. 30. Feeder lines are raised weekly with a winch and cable system. This is done to maintain correct feed pan height as chickens grow.
  31. 31. Nipple-valve drinkers are used to provide a constant supply of fresh water. These drinkers are also raised weekly as chickens grow.
  32. 32. This control valve for the drinkers allows the grower to adjust pressure as the chicks grow and to flush the entire drinker line if needed.
  33. 33. This medication system allows for medicines to be administered through the water lines.
  34. 34. Lighting is provided by incandescent lights with dimmer switches.
  35. 35. A row of florescent lights also along the center of the ceiling helps to provide proper lighting.
  36. 36. All of the hanging equipment is raised or lowered easily with winches and pulleys.
  37. 37. This small computer box allows the poultry company’s service person to connect a portable computer and check conditions (temperature, static pressure, etc.) for every day of the past week.
  38. 38. A daily mortality chart is the record of livability of the flock & provides important information to the grower and the poultry company.
  39. 39. A stand-by generator provides emergency power to all houses if there is a power outage.
  40. 40. This stand-by generating system is equipped to automatically start in case of a power outage.
  41. 41. Most poultry companies have restrictions for entry into the poultry houses to help prevent the spread of diseases.
  42. 42. A loader is used to clean out the litter after growing the chickens. The litter is spread on pastures as a source of fertilizer. In some cases, poultry litter is mixed with grain & fed to beef cattle.
  43. 43. Because of the high amount of automated equipment used on a broiler farm, labor is greatly reduced and the grower has more time to do other things.
  44. 44. Summary We have identified equipment for the following: cooling heating feeding watering lighting ventilation medication alarms house monitoring
  45. 45. The End
  • JanetteMarimla

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    Jun. 13, 2016
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    May. 28, 2015

Poultry equipment for broilers

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