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Ideas on increasing the computer literacy in a Tanzanian village


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Presentation of my thesis project, looking at teacher ICT training in rural Tanzania.

Published in: Education, Technology
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Ideas on increasing the computer literacy in a Tanzanian village

  1. 1. The eLearning paradox or… Ideas to increase the computer literacy in a Tanzanian village Linda Malmqvist [email_address]
  3. 3. Computer literacy levels in Tanzania are currently very low.
  4. 4. HOW?
  5. 5. Introducing teachers to ICT.
  6. 6. AND? ?
  7. 7. Better focus on the students directly!
  8. 8. TODAY’S AGENDA <ul><ul><li>ICT in East Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lugoba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Result </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. ICT IN EAST AFRICA <ul><li>Low general availability of internet and computers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet penetration in Tanzania: about 1 %. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow satellite connections with high latency. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. ICT IN EAST AFRICA <ul><ul><li>Submarine systems recently launched. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local and national governments responsible for developing regional connections. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet cafes exist, especially around tourist spots. . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. LUGOBA
  12. 12. ICT4RD ICT4RD – ICT For Rural Development. Schools, health centres and local governments. Sida, DIT, COSTECH, KTH. High speed optic fibre at the Wami pilot. Bunda pilot close to Lake Victoria.
  13. 13. LUGOBA <ul><ul><li>About 150 kilometers north of Dar es Salaam. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A typical village with a typical secondary school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers between ages 23 and 65. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers often underpaid, sometimes undertrained. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. LUGOBA High capacity optic fiber – satellite internet. Computer classes as part of the curriculum. Teachers trained in general computer skills.
  15. 15. LUGOBA
  16. 16. ELIMU <ul><ul><li>Student project at KTH 2007 – 2008. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source learning management system with email services, offline Wikipedia and Moodle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moodle provides student and course management, discussion forums and wikis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teachers were trained in using the LMS. </li></ul>
  17. 17. THE IDEA: AN INTERACTIVE COURSE CREATION MODULE eLimu enhancement. Integrated in normal classes such as English. Quizzes, ”fill in the blanks”, assignments. Flash vs. ready made vs. new software?
  18. 18. PREPARATIONS Requirements for unknown users. Finding the right software. Learning how to use the software. Preparing study materials and sessions.
  19. 19. eXe Simple! Open source tool for many standard exercises. Compatible with Moodle and other LMS. Courses can be exported to different useful formats.
  21. 21. FURTHER PREPARATIONS Creating sample courses in different subjects. Investigating additional software and plugins. Planning sessions. Not too much planning!
  22. 22. FIELD WORK <ul><li>Observation and informal interviews. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation, configurations on different OS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training sessions and workshops. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Open computer room“. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuals - creation, discarding, starting over. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. FIELD WORK
  24. 24. FIELD WORK
  25. 25. FIELD WORK
  26. 26. FIELD WORK
  27. 27. FIELD WORK
  28. 28. RESULT <ul><ul><li>Computer room equipped with software.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuals distributed (paper and digitally). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most teachers at least introduced to computers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some teachers received more advanced training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some students also received training. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. The eLearning paradox:   The teachers would benefit a lot from eLearning initiatives, but they are at the same time the ones that are going to need the most support in getting started.
  30. 30. STUDENT FOCUS <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students were in general more interested in taking part of computer classes.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students were also spending more time in the computer room after school day had ended.  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  31. 31. STUDENT FOCUS <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programming, networking, web design. Nearly endless possibilities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classes for female students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and preparations for careers in ICT.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sister school projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  32. 32. USER EXPERIENCE <ul><ul><li>Simplify user interfaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified process for uploading content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider tradition - make use of the strong oral tradition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swahili interface and training. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  33. 33. OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><ul><li>Teacher study groups based on prior knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the teachers with the most experience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External stakeholders such as book companies or software developers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Driving license&quot; to maintain equipment quality and avoid viruses. </li></ul>
  34. 34. IF I COULD DO IT OVER… <ul><ul><li>Meeting the teachers for better requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software that is easier to use. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better manuals (simple!). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan B. Plan C. Plan D… Plan n , Plan n+1 … </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. QUESTIONS? COMMENTS? Linda Malmqvist [email_address]