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Corruption

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Corruption

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Corruption

  1. 1. Presented By: Aakreeti Bikram Kumar Mandal Bikas Chandra Sadashiv
  2. 2. Corruption Spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an ideal Dishonest conduct by those in power Misuse of official power for personal gain
  3. 3. Types of corruption • Grand corruption • Petty corruption • Political Corruption
  4. 4. Grand corruption  corruption occurring at the highest levels of government  enabling leaders to benefit at the expense of the public good  countries without adequate policing of corruption by anti-corruption agencies.
  5. 5. Petty corruption  occurs within established social frameworks and governing norms  include exchange of small gifts or use of personal connections  common in developing countries
  6. 6. Political Corruption  Use of power by government officials for private gain  Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents is not considered political corruption
  7. 7. Different Sectors  Government/Public Sector  Legislative System (Political)  Executive System (Police)  Judiciary System  Corporate  Unions  Non-Government Organizations
  8. 8. Methods Bribery Favouritism Embezzlement, theft and fraud Tax evasion
  9. 9. Bribery Common form of corruption Improper use of gifts and favours in exchange for personal gain Include money, gifts, sexual favours, company shares, entertainment, employment and political benefits
  10. 10. Favouritism  Involve the favouring a friend, family member or member of an association  Examples include choosing somebody for a role they are not qualified for, regardless of merit
  11. 11. Embezzlement, theft and fraud  Embezzlement and theft involve someone with access to funds or assets illegally taking control of them  Fraud involves using deception to convince the owner of funds or assets to give them up to an unauthorized party.
  12. 12. Tax evasion  An illegal practice where a person, organization or corporation intentionally avoids paying his/her/its true tax liability  Under-reporting income  Providing false information to the IRS about business income or expenses
  13. 13. Facts  In 2012 India has ranked 94th out of 176 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index**, Scoring 36 out of 100  A 2005 study conducted by Transparency International found that more than 62% of Indians had first-hand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully **The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries/territories based on how corrupt a country’s public sector is perceived to be.
  14. 14. Effects Inflation Inferior public infrastructure Loss of faith in democracy Environmental degradation
  15. 15. Ways to fight corruption Educating common people Bringing awareness among people Strict laws Protecting whistleblowers

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