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AI & Blockchain Synergy
Dr Maxim Orlovsky, MD, PhD
orlovsky@bicalabs.org
BICA Labs
Laboratories for Biologically Inspired
...
Blockchain: Distributed
Ledger Technology (DLT)
TRUSTED PERSISTENT DATA RECORDS
INSIDE TRUSTLESS ENVIRONMENTS
WITHOUT CENT...
GAME THEORY
● Distributed database (ledger)
● Distributed computations
(state changes),
Turing-complete OR incomplete
● Peer-to-peer m...
NO
MIDDLEMAN
NO
CENTRALIZATION
NO
DATA OLIGOPOLY
NEW
PRIVACY
Blockchain tech intro
Important Blockchains
Bitcoin Ripple Ethereum
ZCashDashNEM
Most popular
cryptocurrency &
source code base
Value transfer n...
BLOCKCHAIN DAG
DISTRIBUTED LEDGERS
Consensus
Secures trustless env
with economic incentives
● Proof-of-work (PoW)
● Proof-of-stake (PoS)
● Proof-of-...
State...
Architecture of DLTs solutions
Light Node
Client apps
Full Node Mining Node Master Node
Blockchain
NODE BLOCK
Consistency
Consensus
Transactions / Internal state
Internal State
Extra data
Consistency
Consensus
Transaction...
Most important ready-to-go DLTs cores
Bitcoin
Core
Graphene Scorex Tendermint Ripple /
Stellar
Language C/C++ C++ Scala Go...
Languages for working with DLTs
cores
● C/C++ — Bitcoin, Graphene, Ripple: performance
● Go — Ethereum, Tehndermint
● Pyth...
Meta-languages for smart
contracts
● Solidity: JavaScript-like
● Serpent: Python-like
● Viper: Python-like (Serpent 2.0)
Blockchain & AI
Technical Synergy
➔ Economical
agents
➔ Data consumers
➔ Data producers
➔ Miners?
(Proof of
Cognitive Work)
AI
FROM THE POINT OF
VIEW OF
BLO...
➔ Open Data for
Machine Learning
➔ AI Data Exchange
in Trustless
Environments
➔ AI Evolution
towards Human+
AI
BLOCKCHAIN
...
DATA RULES MACHINE LEARNING
● Financial Transactions:
no more banks & VISA/MC
monopoly
— Bitcoin, Ripple, Dash
● Smart Contracts:
— Ethereum
● GovTech...
NO
DATA OLIGOPOLY
AI Data Exchange in
Trustless Environments
BLOCKCHAIN
ALLOWS
MALICIOUS AGENT
DETECTION IN
AUTONOMOUS
AI-DOMINATED SYSTEMS
PERSPECTIVE:
THE BIG PICTURE ON AI & BLOCKCHAIN
Industry 4.0
key factors
● Internet of Things
● Big data
● Cyber-physical
● Specialized AI
AI
DLTs
IoT Big Data Cyber-
physical
VR + AR
NCI / BCI
Physical object
representation in
cyberspace
Cyborgization
Learns o...
Agrarian
revolution
Manufact.
revolution
Industrial
revolution
AI / H+
revolution
from
goods gathering
to
goods production...
Civilization 4.0
key factors
● Quantum Computing
● Generic Artificial
Intelligence
● Transhumanism
○ Life extension
○ Cybo...
AI + P2P
Decentralization => Evolution
From specialized AI towards Generic AIs
https://medium.com/bica-labs/how-blockchain...
Modern approach to #AI has grown
from research of 1950s-60s and is
outdated
➔ (quasi)Supervised Learning
No ad hoc concept...
EVOLUTION
HAPPENS WHEN
SELECTION ACTS ON A
DIVERGING POPULATION
WHILE
MODERN NEURONETS
ARE SINGULAR
Multiagent
Game theory: why it matters
INFORMATION TRANSFER:
● species exchanges genes via viruses
● cells emit chemical and electric signals
● animals communica...
INFORMATION TRANSFER
REQUIRES
CONSENSUS AND
PERSISTENCE
CONSENSUS:
each agent gets the same
sense of a signal as others
– DNA translation will be the same for bacteria as for a h...
PERSISTENCE:
the sense of the signal does
not diminish with time
– DNA in chromosomes do not change during the live of the...
BLOCKCHAIN
IS PERFECT BOTH FOR
CONSENSUS AND
PERSISTENCE
RENDERING MULTI-AGENT #AI AS AN
EVOLVING SELF-ORGANIZED SYSTEM
Distributed
storage
Hash Tables
Torrents, IPFS
Distributed
ledger
Blockchain & DAGs
What blockchain
lacks to enable
more efficient AI
● Geo-binding
(spatial bindings)
● Oracles
(physical world bindings)
● D...
BICA Labs
Laboratories for Biologically Inspired
Cognitive Architectures
orlovsky@bicalabs.org
http://bicalabs.org
@BICALa...
Private foundation & task force supporting
disruptive technologies and radical innovations
having potential to change the ...
Cloud Business City
Virtual accelerator for IT startups
cloudbusinesscity.com
Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy
Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy
Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy
Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy
Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy
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Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy

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How blockchain and artificial intelligence/machine learning technologies can synergically enhance each other and why blockchain is critical for the future AI evolvement. Report from iforum.ua conference in 2017 by Dr Maxim Orlovsky, BICA Labs

Published in: Technology
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Artificial Intelligence & Blockchain Synergy

  1. 1. AI & Blockchain Synergy Dr Maxim Orlovsky, MD, PhD orlovsky@bicalabs.org BICA Labs Laboratories for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures
  2. 2. Blockchain: Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) TRUSTED PERSISTENT DATA RECORDS INSIDE TRUSTLESS ENVIRONMENTS WITHOUT CENTRAL GOVERNANCE SECURED BY ECONOMIC INCENTIVES
  3. 3. GAME THEORY
  4. 4. ● Distributed database (ledger) ● Distributed computations (state changes), Turing-complete OR incomplete ● Peer-to-peer mesh network ● Cryptographically secured TECHNOLOGY ECONOMICS BLOCKCHAIN ● Multiagent economy ● Game theory ● Free open market ● Non-state decentralized economies linked to particular types of resources or businesses
  5. 5. NO MIDDLEMAN
  6. 6. NO CENTRALIZATION
  7. 7. NO DATA OLIGOPOLY
  8. 8. NEW PRIVACY
  9. 9. Blockchain tech intro
  10. 10. Important Blockchains Bitcoin Ripple Ethereum ZCashDashNEM Most popular cryptocurrency & source code base Value transfer network Smart contracts Proof of Importance Governance model Zero-knowledge
  11. 11. BLOCKCHAIN DAG DISTRIBUTED LEDGERS
  12. 12. Consensus Secures trustless env with economic incentives ● Proof-of-work (PoW) ● Proof-of-stake (PoS) ● Proof-of-... Stateful Ledger (i.e. database) with defined final states ● Money or tokens ● Computations ● Any data records Mixes mutability with immutable track Merkle tree Multiagent Independent free actors Private key signatures Mesh P2P network
  13. 13. Architecture of DLTs solutions Light Node Client apps Full Node Mining Node Master Node Blockchain
  14. 14. NODE BLOCK Consistency Consensus Transactions / Internal state Internal State Extra data Consistency Consensus Transactions / Internal state Internal State Extra data Consistency Consensus Transactions / Internal state Internal State Extra data Consistency Consensus Transactions Internal State Extra data P2P Network Protocol Consensus Transaction Internal State API
  15. 15. Most important ready-to-go DLTs cores Bitcoin Core Graphene Scorex Tendermint Ripple / Stellar Language C/C++ C++ Scala Go C++ Consensus PoW dPoS PoW, 2x PoS PoS Blockchains Bitcoin, Dash, Litecoin, ... BitShares, Steem, Golos – (Waves experiments) Cosmos (under dev) Ripple, Stellar, Infra (e-Auction) “+” Most proved Blazingly fast Modular PoS Fast & proved “–” Hard to understand Complex model Limited functionality, no real-world impl Immature Complex model
  16. 16. Languages for working with DLTs cores ● C/C++ — Bitcoin, Graphene, Ripple: performance ● Go — Ethereum, Tehndermint ● Python — Ethereum + experiments with blockchain ● Rust — Ethereum, Bitcoin: performance + efficient code ● Scala — Scorex (fast blockchain prototyping) ● Java — NEM ● JavaScript (Angular, React): UI & APIs
  17. 17. Meta-languages for smart contracts ● Solidity: JavaScript-like ● Serpent: Python-like ● Viper: Python-like (Serpent 2.0)
  18. 18. Blockchain & AI Technical Synergy
  19. 19. ➔ Economical agents ➔ Data consumers ➔ Data producers ➔ Miners? (Proof of Cognitive Work) AI FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF BLOCKCHAIN
  20. 20. ➔ Open Data for Machine Learning ➔ AI Data Exchange in Trustless Environments ➔ AI Evolution towards Human+ AI BLOCKCHAIN FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF AI
  21. 21. DATA RULES MACHINE LEARNING
  22. 22. ● Financial Transactions: no more banks & VISA/MC monopoly — Bitcoin, Ripple, Dash ● Smart Contracts: — Ethereum ● GovTech: open civic data — e-Auction TODAY TOMORROW DLTs OPEN DATA FOR AI ● Energy consumption ● Goods transportation ● Legal records & registries (incl. property, land etc) ● Smart city data ● Autonomous vechicles data ● … digitized picture of the world
  23. 23. NO DATA OLIGOPOLY
  24. 24. AI Data Exchange in Trustless Environments
  25. 25. BLOCKCHAIN ALLOWS MALICIOUS AGENT DETECTION IN AUTONOMOUS AI-DOMINATED SYSTEMS
  26. 26. PERSPECTIVE: THE BIG PICTURE ON AI & BLOCKCHAIN
  27. 27. Industry 4.0 key factors ● Internet of Things ● Big data ● Cyber-physical ● Specialized AI
  28. 28. AI DLTs IoT Big Data Cyber- physical VR + AR NCI / BCI Physical object representation in cyberspace Cyborgization Learns on data Powers IoT IoT Information Exchange Provides data
  29. 29. Agrarian revolution Manufact. revolution Industrial revolution AI / H+ revolution from goods gathering to goods production from manual labor to tools production from manual tools production to tools producing tools from static tools to learning tools GDP~N GDP~k*N GDP~Nα GDP~eN Human labor (N - no of humans) More efficient manual labor Automated production Automated intelligence, producing automation for production
  30. 30. Civilization 4.0 key factors ● Quantum Computing ● Generic Artificial Intelligence ● Transhumanism ○ Life extension ○ Cyborgization ● Cosmic Expansion SINGULARITY
  31. 31. AI + P2P Decentralization => Evolution From specialized AI towards Generic AIs https://medium.com/bica-labs/how-blockchain-relates-to-artificial-intelligence-f0111f39afc9
  32. 32. Modern approach to #AI has grown from research of 1950s-60s and is outdated ➔ (quasi)Supervised Learning No ad hoc concept creation and feature extraction without previous knowledge ➔ Not a Brain Sampled after brain regions, but a brain region can’t mimic the whole ➔ Lack of Multiplicity Leads to noncompetitive development ➔ Enclosed There is no reflection and cross-agent knowledge exchange MODERN AI IS OUTDATED
  33. 33. EVOLUTION HAPPENS WHEN SELECTION ACTS ON A DIVERGING POPULATION WHILE MODERN NEURONETS ARE SINGULAR
  34. 34. Multiagent Game theory: why it matters
  35. 35. INFORMATION TRANSFER: ● species exchanges genes via viruses ● cells emit chemical and electric signals ● animals communicate via mimics and emotions ● humans — via language WHAT ABOUT #AI?
  36. 36. INFORMATION TRANSFER REQUIRES CONSENSUS AND PERSISTENCE
  37. 37. CONSENSUS: each agent gets the same sense of a signal as others – DNA translation will be the same for bacteria as for a human being – written text is understood in the same way by all native speakers
  38. 38. PERSISTENCE: the sense of the signal does not diminish with time – DNA in chromosomes do not change during the live of the most cells – Egyptian hieroglyphs could still be understood by researchers
  39. 39. BLOCKCHAIN IS PERFECT BOTH FOR CONSENSUS AND PERSISTENCE RENDERING MULTI-AGENT #AI AS AN EVOLVING SELF-ORGANIZED SYSTEM
  40. 40. Distributed storage Hash Tables Torrents, IPFS Distributed ledger Blockchain & DAGs
  41. 41. What blockchain lacks to enable more efficient AI ● Geo-binding (spatial bindings) ● Oracles (physical world bindings) ● Distributed data storage (IPFS etc) ● Speed higher transaction rates ● Application-level languages with new paradigms
  42. 42. BICA Labs Laboratories for Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures orlovsky@bicalabs.org http://bicalabs.org @BICALabs fb.com/BICALabs linkedin.com/company/BICA-Labs medium.com/BICA-Labs
  43. 43. Private foundation & task force supporting disruptive technologies and radical innovations having potential to change the world hello@eventhorizons.org http://eventhorizons.org @EvHorizons fb.com/EvHorizons linkedin.com/company/Event-Horizons medium.com/Event-Horizons
  44. 44. Cloud Business City Virtual accelerator for IT startups cloudbusinesscity.com

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