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The Biblissima Authority File of
Geographical Names
Atelier Campus Condorcet
“Référentiels géo-historiques sémantisés pour les humanités”
Ecole nationale des chartes, 14 mai 2019
Régis ROBINEAU
Biblissima - Campus Condorcet / EPHE-PSL
➔ Data facility for historians of ancient texts
➔ 10 partners, including the Archives nationales (since 2017)
Biblissima?
➔ Federate digital libraries
➔ Structure data corpora and research communities
➔ Facilitate access to and reuse of data (both textual and
documentary resources)
➔ Train researchers
Main Goals of Biblissima
bit.ly/ressources-biblissima
Biblissima Data Cluster
30+
catalogues and
databases
3+
digital libraries
10+
digital editions
beta.biblissima.fr
bit.ly/ressources-biblissima
Biblissima Data Cluster
30+
catalogues and
databases
3+
digital libraries
10+
digital editions
mirador
Gallica
3 Digital Libraries
➔ Bayerische
Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
➔ Biblioteca Apostolica
Vaticana
➔ Bodleian Library - Oxford
University
➔ e-codices
➔ Harvard University
➔ Internet Archive
Other digital libraries used in the portal (via
IIIF)
➔ Library of Congress
➔ Mazarinum - Bibliothèque
Mazarine
➔ Numistral
➔ Universität Heidelberg
➔ Wellcome Library
About IIIF in the Biblissima portal:
beta.biblissima.fr/fr/info-iiif
bit.ly/ressources-biblissima
Biblissima Data Cluster
30+
catalogues and
databases
3+
digital libraries
10+
digital editions
• Manuscripts
– Parts / Groups
– Folios
• Editions and Early Printed
Books
• Illuminations
• Provenance Marks
• Bookbindings
• Texts
• Inventories, Booklists
• Sales Catalogues
• Historical Collections
• Places
• Dates
• Persons
• Organisations
– Holding Institutions
Diversity of data
Current volume of data (May 2019)
➔ search and discovery prototype for interoperable
manuscripts and rare books (prior to 1800 only)
➔ aggregates data from 8 IIIF-compliant digital libraries
◆ Gallica (BnF)
◆ Digital.Bodleian (Oxford)
◆ BVMM (IRHT)
◆ e-codices
◆ Europeana Regia
◆ Polonsky project France-Angleterre (British Library)
◆ Parker Library (CCC, Cambridge)
◆ Bibliothèque Mazarine
and more to come soon… (Durham University, Cambridge University et Trinity
College)
IIIF-Collections Prototype
IIIF Collections
IIIF-Collections prototype: iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
Links to the Biblissima portal for differents
entities (manuscript, agent, place)
iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
➔ Shelfmarks of manuscripts and early printed books
➔ Persons
➔ Organisations (including holding institutions)
➔ Geographical names
➔ Textual works
➔ Iconographic descriptors (indexing illuminations)
Types of data
➔ Reconcile : identify, disambiguate and cluster named
entities
➔ Align to libraries’ authority files and other datasets in
the Linked Open Data
➔ Mint unique and stable identifiers
Processing of authority data
➔ First public release in March 2019:
◆ Persons authority file (~26 50 person entities)
➔ “Hub” to manage and share authority data:
◆ wiki-based technology: natively collaborative, data versioning
◆ handle URIs identifiers
◆ natively produce RDF data
◆ user-friendly forms to edit entries
◆ remote access for machines: Web API + SPARQL endpoint
data.biblissima.fr
A Platform for Biblissima Authority Files
Publication spread over 2019:
✓ Persons (March 2019)
✓ Geographical names (April 2019)
🚧 Organisations
➔ Shelfmarks of manuscripts and early printed books
➔ Textual works
➔ Iconographic descriptors (after Initiale)
Publication of Biblissima Autority Files
➔ Sources of the data :
◆ catalogues and databases of the Biblissima partners, integrated
into the portal since April 2017: beta.biblissima.fr
◆ datasets merge into the platform IIIF Collections of Manuscripts and
Rare Books: iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
➔ External alignments:
◆ BnF, Library of Congress, DNB, Wikidata, SUDOC, Biblioteca
Nacional de España, CERL Thesaurus
Persons Authority File
➔ Preferred forms of labels:
◆ retrieved from the BnF or LoC authority files
◆ created according based on choices made by other libraries or
dictionaries (e.g. Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, Oxford Dictionary of
National Biography)
➔ Alternativs forms (alias):
◆ labels as present in the source databases
➔ Bibliographical notes:
◆ added to give further details about the identify of a person
data.biblissima.fr/w/Référentiel_des_personnes_physiques
Persons Authority File
Page of a Person entity (Cassiodore): data.biblissima.fr/w/Item:Q2785
Preferred form and alternatives forms of the name
Page of a Person entity (Cassiodore)
“Statements” section
Page of a Person entity (Cassiodore)
“Identifiers” section : alignments and links to source databases
➔ Sources of the data :
◆ catalogues and databases of the Biblissima partners, integrated
into the portal since April 2017: beta.biblissima.fr
◆ datasets merged into the platform IIIF Collections of Manuscripts
and Rare Books: iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
➔ ~ 5500 geographical names (May 2019)
More info at:
data.biblissima.fr/w/Référentiel_des_noms_géographiques
Geographical Names Authority File
Geographical Names Authority File
➔ Types of places:
◆ Places of holding institutions
◆ Places of organisations mentioned as agents in relation to a
document (former owner, archives producer etc.)
◆ Places of origin of manuscripts and places of edition of printed
books
◆ Places as iconographic descriptors (Mandragore)
Geographical Names Authority File
➔ Provenance of data:
◆ Preferred forms in French from the BnF; in English from Geonames, Wikidata
or other datasets (e.g. Pleiades)
◆ Other alternative forms coming from the source databases
◆ Geo-coordinates taken from GeoNames API or the BnF (Sparql data.bnf.fr)
➔ External alignments:
◆ BnF (Rameau + Cartes et Plans), Wikidata, Geonames, Pleiades
Geographical Names Authority File
➔ Hierarchy of concepts: each place falls under two
classifications:
◆ Thematic classification derived from the Mandragore database, extended
to all data (36 categories based on Dewey) : e.g. “Lyon” falls under
“géographie: france et monaco”
◆ Classification by type of entity taken from the Geonames ontology (88
classes retained) : e.g. “Lyon” is a “seat of a first-order administrative
division” (P.PPLA code)
➔ Coming soon...
◆ integration of places identified in the IIIF-Collections datasets and the
geographical descriptors of the Initiale database
Page of a Place entity (Istanbul)
https://data.biblissima.fr/entity/Q27525
Page of a Place entity (Istanbul)
“Statements” section
https://data.biblissima.fr/entity/Q27525
Page of a Place entity (Istanbul)
Qualifier of an identifier
Qualifier to specify the nature of the
second BnF identifier (= RAMEAU
subject heading)
Page of a Place entity (Adatha)
Biblissima note
RDF-Turtle data of a Place entity (Istanbul)
API access for developers:
advanced query to crawl and retrieve structured data
API Sandbox URL / REST API URL
On the roadmap...
SPARQL endpoint to query RDF graphs
Thank you!
data.biblissima.fr
Biblissima team:
Kévin BOIS
Eduard FRUNZEANU
Régis ROBINEAU
biblissima.fr

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The Biblissima Authority File of Geographical Names

  • 1. The Biblissima Authority File of Geographical Names Atelier Campus Condorcet “Référentiels géo-historiques sémantisés pour les humanités” Ecole nationale des chartes, 14 mai 2019 Régis ROBINEAU Biblissima - Campus Condorcet / EPHE-PSL
  • 2. ➔ Data facility for historians of ancient texts ➔ 10 partners, including the Archives nationales (since 2017) Biblissima?
  • 3. ➔ Federate digital libraries ➔ Structure data corpora and research communities ➔ Facilitate access to and reuse of data (both textual and documentary resources) ➔ Train researchers Main Goals of Biblissima
  • 4. bit.ly/ressources-biblissima Biblissima Data Cluster 30+ catalogues and databases 3+ digital libraries 10+ digital editions
  • 6. bit.ly/ressources-biblissima Biblissima Data Cluster 30+ catalogues and databases 3+ digital libraries 10+ digital editions
  • 8. ➔ Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB) ➔ Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ➔ Bodleian Library - Oxford University ➔ e-codices ➔ Harvard University ➔ Internet Archive Other digital libraries used in the portal (via IIIF) ➔ Library of Congress ➔ Mazarinum - Bibliothèque Mazarine ➔ Numistral ➔ Universität Heidelberg ➔ Wellcome Library About IIIF in the Biblissima portal: beta.biblissima.fr/fr/info-iiif
  • 9. bit.ly/ressources-biblissima Biblissima Data Cluster 30+ catalogues and databases 3+ digital libraries 10+ digital editions
  • 10.
  • 11. • Manuscripts – Parts / Groups – Folios • Editions and Early Printed Books • Illuminations • Provenance Marks • Bookbindings • Texts • Inventories, Booklists • Sales Catalogues • Historical Collections • Places • Dates • Persons • Organisations – Holding Institutions Diversity of data
  • 12. Current volume of data (May 2019)
  • 13. ➔ search and discovery prototype for interoperable manuscripts and rare books (prior to 1800 only) ➔ aggregates data from 8 IIIF-compliant digital libraries ◆ Gallica (BnF) ◆ Digital.Bodleian (Oxford) ◆ BVMM (IRHT) ◆ e-codices ◆ Europeana Regia ◆ Polonsky project France-Angleterre (British Library) ◆ Parker Library (CCC, Cambridge) ◆ Bibliothèque Mazarine and more to come soon… (Durham University, Cambridge University et Trinity College) IIIF-Collections Prototype
  • 14. IIIF Collections IIIF-Collections prototype: iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
  • 17. Links to the Biblissima portal for differents entities (manuscript, agent, place) iiif.biblissima.fr/collections
  • 18. ➔ Shelfmarks of manuscripts and early printed books ➔ Persons ➔ Organisations (including holding institutions) ➔ Geographical names ➔ Textual works ➔ Iconographic descriptors (indexing illuminations) Types of data
  • 19. ➔ Reconcile : identify, disambiguate and cluster named entities ➔ Align to libraries’ authority files and other datasets in the Linked Open Data ➔ Mint unique and stable identifiers Processing of authority data
  • 20. ➔ First public release in March 2019: ◆ Persons authority file (~26 50 person entities) ➔ “Hub” to manage and share authority data: ◆ wiki-based technology: natively collaborative, data versioning ◆ handle URIs identifiers ◆ natively produce RDF data ◆ user-friendly forms to edit entries ◆ remote access for machines: Web API + SPARQL endpoint data.biblissima.fr A Platform for Biblissima Authority Files
  • 21. Publication spread over 2019: ✓ Persons (March 2019) ✓ Geographical names (April 2019) 🚧 Organisations ➔ Shelfmarks of manuscripts and early printed books ➔ Textual works ➔ Iconographic descriptors (after Initiale) Publication of Biblissima Autority Files
  • 22. ➔ Sources of the data : ◆ catalogues and databases of the Biblissima partners, integrated into the portal since April 2017: beta.biblissima.fr ◆ datasets merge into the platform IIIF Collections of Manuscripts and Rare Books: iiif.biblissima.fr/collections ➔ External alignments: ◆ BnF, Library of Congress, DNB, Wikidata, SUDOC, Biblioteca Nacional de España, CERL Thesaurus Persons Authority File
  • 23. ➔ Preferred forms of labels: ◆ retrieved from the BnF or LoC authority files ◆ created according based on choices made by other libraries or dictionaries (e.g. Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography) ➔ Alternativs forms (alias): ◆ labels as present in the source databases ➔ Bibliographical notes: ◆ added to give further details about the identify of a person data.biblissima.fr/w/Référentiel_des_personnes_physiques Persons Authority File
  • 24. Page of a Person entity (Cassiodore): data.biblissima.fr/w/Item:Q2785 Preferred form and alternatives forms of the name
  • 25. Page of a Person entity (Cassiodore) “Statements” section
  • 26. Page of a Person entity (Cassiodore) “Identifiers” section : alignments and links to source databases
  • 27. ➔ Sources of the data : ◆ catalogues and databases of the Biblissima partners, integrated into the portal since April 2017: beta.biblissima.fr ◆ datasets merged into the platform IIIF Collections of Manuscripts and Rare Books: iiif.biblissima.fr/collections ➔ ~ 5500 geographical names (May 2019) More info at: data.biblissima.fr/w/Référentiel_des_noms_géographiques Geographical Names Authority File
  • 28. Geographical Names Authority File ➔ Types of places: ◆ Places of holding institutions ◆ Places of organisations mentioned as agents in relation to a document (former owner, archives producer etc.) ◆ Places of origin of manuscripts and places of edition of printed books ◆ Places as iconographic descriptors (Mandragore)
  • 29. Geographical Names Authority File ➔ Provenance of data: ◆ Preferred forms in French from the BnF; in English from Geonames, Wikidata or other datasets (e.g. Pleiades) ◆ Other alternative forms coming from the source databases ◆ Geo-coordinates taken from GeoNames API or the BnF (Sparql data.bnf.fr) ➔ External alignments: ◆ BnF (Rameau + Cartes et Plans), Wikidata, Geonames, Pleiades
  • 30. Geographical Names Authority File ➔ Hierarchy of concepts: each place falls under two classifications: ◆ Thematic classification derived from the Mandragore database, extended to all data (36 categories based on Dewey) : e.g. “Lyon” falls under “géographie: france et monaco” ◆ Classification by type of entity taken from the Geonames ontology (88 classes retained) : e.g. “Lyon” is a “seat of a first-order administrative division” (P.PPLA code) ➔ Coming soon... ◆ integration of places identified in the IIIF-Collections datasets and the geographical descriptors of the Initiale database
  • 31. Page of a Place entity (Istanbul) https://data.biblissima.fr/entity/Q27525
  • 32. Page of a Place entity (Istanbul) “Statements” section https://data.biblissima.fr/entity/Q27525
  • 33. Page of a Place entity (Istanbul) Qualifier of an identifier Qualifier to specify the nature of the second BnF identifier (= RAMEAU subject heading)
  • 34. Page of a Place entity (Adatha) Biblissima note
  • 35. RDF-Turtle data of a Place entity (Istanbul)
  • 36. API access for developers: advanced query to crawl and retrieve structured data API Sandbox URL / REST API URL
  • 37. On the roadmap... SPARQL endpoint to query RDF graphs
  • 38. Thank you! data.biblissima.fr Biblissima team: Kévin BOIS Eduard FRUNZEANU Régis ROBINEAU biblissima.fr