Scientific information sources 2016


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Scientific information sources 2016

  1. 1. bibliotecas UA | 2016bibliotecas UA | 2016 SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION SOURCES
  2. 2. Contents SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION Scientific articles Conference papers Scientific books OTHER TYPES OF INFORMATION Master and PhD thesis INFORMATION SOURCES Scientific articles databases Digital repositories Aggregators LITERATURE REVIEW
  3. 3. Questions?
  4. 4. 1. What sources should I use for researching scientific information on the Web?
  5. 5. 2. How to select the appropriate sources?
  6. 6. 3. Where to start?
  7. 7. “ To explore the full potential of Web search tools, it is essential to know how the information is collected, described and structured
  8. 8. “ Critical understanding of the science communication and formal publication Key competencies for academic and lifelong learning
  10. 10. What is scientific information? What distinguishes it from other information? SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION ▪ Certified through peer review ▪ Published in scientific journals OTHER TYPES OF INFORMATION ▪ No peer review ▪ Not published in scientific journals
  11. 11. What is scientific information? What is peer review? ▪ It is the process used in the publication of articles in scientific journals ▪ Consists of submitting the scientific work to the evaluation of one or more specialists in the area ▪ This process certifies the quality of the articles published in a scientific journal
  12. 12. Scientific information Articles Papers Books
  13. 13. WHAT IS A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE ▪ A scientific paper is written by scientists ▪ Has peer review ▪ Is the primary way for the formal communication of science ▪ Allows researchers to communicate to peers the results of an investigation ▪ Is published in journals with knowledge certification mechanisms What is scientific information? Scientific articles
  14. 14. ELEMENTS TO COMPOSE A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE  Abstract Brief summary of the article where its objective is included, methodology used to solve the problem and the results achieved ▪ Introduction It situates the reader in the context of the researched subject, offering a global vision of the study. It presents the problem of study (what), the objectives (for what purpose) and the methodology used in the study (how and where) What is scientific information? Scientific articles
  15. 15. ELEMENTS TO COMPOSE A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE ▪ Method Describes the method used with accurate information, so that the experiment can be repeated by another person, with the same or identical results ▪ Results The author describes what he observes in the experiment. It presents arguments and results that support their data. May have schemas and pictures What is scientific information? Scientific articles
  16. 16. ELEMENTS TO COMPOSE A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE ▪ Discussion Interpretation of results. The author highlights all the knowledge acquired, through the discussion of the results obtained ▪ Conclusion Response to the hypotheses presented in the introduction and the objectives of the study. They synthesize the main results ▪ Bibliographic references Articles or other works consulted and quoted in the article What is scientific information? Scientific articles
  17. 17. TYPES OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES ▪ Article The author describes for the first time the study and the results of a research paper ▪ Review article Review articles are critical reviews in which the author organizes, integrates and evaluates previously published studies What is scientific information? Scientific articles
  18. 18. PAPERS  Papers are often published in Proceedings and are the result of communications at conferences organized in scientific institutions ▪ It is usual that the works that appear in the Proceedings have been previously published ▪ Before being published, the work is usually released as a preprint What is scientific information? Published conference papers
  19. 19. SCIENTIFIC BOOKS  In many cases are publications with a scientific editor, consisting of several parts of different authors  May be the published contents of academic and scientific conferences What is scientific information? Scientific books
  21. 21. Other information Research results not published by traditional way
  22. 22. ▪ PhD theses and master’s dissertations ▪ Scientific and technical reports ▪ Preprints ▪ Working papers ▪ Unpublished conference papers Other information Research results not published by traditional way
  23. 23. “In many cases is the best way to update on certain topics
  25. 25. “ Finding information depends mainly on the efficient use of search tools
  26. 26. Information Sources Databases Repositories Aggregators
  27. 27. Know to better select Where to search?
  28. 28. VERY IMPORTANT Scientific Databases Aggregators Repositories Libraries catalogues Theses Reports Articles Scientific books Scientific books chapters Theses Scientific books Articles Journals Dictionaries Library collections (books, journals, scores, CD…) Scientific articles Conference papers Review articles Scientific books Scientific books chapters The practices, means and mechanisms of scientific publication are different according to the areas of knowledge and research practices, varying also the platforms and strategies for research and information discovery
  29. 29. Scientific databases
  30. 30. ▪ Bibliographical collections of scientific articles ▪ Collects journals from different editors and they became a global access point to the most of published scientific literature ▪ Due to their scope, they are the most appropriate tools for the literature review on a subject ▪ International bibliography ▪ Quality control of the contents included ▪ Some scientific databases includes article citation counting by article and other data important for evaluation Scientific databases What is it?
  31. 31. MultidisciplinaryThematics Commercials (for only one editor) Scientific databases Types
  32. 32. MULTIDISCIPLINARY  SCOPUS  WoS  ProQuest  Academic Search Complete THEMATICS ▪ PubMed ▪ Medline ▪ Eric COMMERCIALS (for only one editor) ▪ ACM ▪ IEEE ▪ Science Direct ▪ Emerald Scientific databases Types More information:
  33. 33. UA VPNFree Login password Scientific databases Access
  34. 34. FREE  PubMed  ERIC UA | VPN  SCOPUS  WoS  Academic Search Complete  Science Direct  Emerald LOGIN  ProQuest Scientific databases Access More information about VPN configuration:
  36. 36. ▪ Information systems with scientific and academic contents available in open access ▪ They include journal articles, conference papers, master's dissertations and doctoral theses and documents that result from the research activities of an institution ▪ Usually they are associated with a teaching and / or research institution Repositories What is it?
  37. 37. ▪ They have the great advantage of including the digital file of the referenced document, in Open Access ▪ Essential tools for the research and discovery of gray literature: theses, preprints, reports, conference papers, etc. ▪ Contribute to the increase of the scientific literature in open access, promoting in the network its visibility Repositories Features
  38. 38. RCAAP RIA OpenAIRE Repositories Some examples More information:
  40. 40. ▪ Add multiple databases and other platforms in a single point of search ▪ They are usually appropriate when the goal is to have an overview of the recent publication of a certain subject ▪ Great advantage of saving time because they are very wide systems ▪ Disadvantage: they don’t include a structured indexing language nor structured information, because they collect information from sources with different languages ​​and fields ▪ When the goal is to perform a fine and more specialized research, they are not adequate Aggregators Features
  41. 41. Google ScholarB-on Integrated Search Aggregators Some examples More information:
  43. 43. ▪ Research and collection of literature in an area or subject ▪ Comprehensive analysis of the literature and its synthesis of scientific production in an area or theme ▪ "State of the art" on a certain theme ▪ It aims to provide context and justification for the investigation to take place Literature review What is it?
  44. 44. ▪ Define the subject of the search in keywords ▪ Select and adapt the sources of information ▪ Define the research strategy ▪ Collect and analyze information Literature review Essential steps
  45. 45. Some tips for the steps: “Define the subject of the research in keywords” and “Define the research strategy” Literature review Tips
  46. 46. DEFINE THE SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IN KEYWORDS  Once the research question has been determined, the subject topics or associated ideas must be identified  Select the search terms - the keywords that identify the subject (relevant or most important words in the research for a subject)  Define geographical or chronological limits  Translate to English language the terms for searches in scientific international databases Literature review Tips
  47. 47. DEFINE THE SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IN KEYWORDS ▪ HOW TO IDENTIFY THE TERMS? ▪ Controlled vocabulary should be used whenever necessary, which means the use of controlled subject terms. These terms may be referred to as subject headings or indexed keywords ▪ Some databases includes thesaurus or subject indexes ▹ ERIC (Education and Psychology) ▹ MeSH – Medical Subject Headings Literature review Tips
  48. 48. DEFINE THE SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IN KEYWORDS ▪ HOW TO IDENTIFY THE TERMS? ▪ In dictionaries / encyclopedias ▪ Collect subject terms and indexed keywords used in articles related to the topic / subject, after a generic search in a scientific database or Google Scholar Literature review Tips
  49. 49. DEFINE THE SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IN KEYWORDS ▪ BE ALLERT… ▪ Synonyms / alternative terms: ‘young people’ or ‘adolescents’ ▪ Singular / Plural: child, children ▪ Abbreviations: UML, Unified Modeling Language; UK, United Kingdom ▪ Language variants ▫ organisation – UK or organization – USA ▫ behavior – UK or behaviour – USA ▫ physiotherapy – UK or physical therapy – USA Literature review Tips
  50. 50. DEFINE THE SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IN KEYWORDS ▪ BE ALLERT… ▪ Use the (*) truncation symbol ▪ When entering the search term in the singular, it will only retrieve records that contain the word in this form ▪ The * symbol next to the root of the word retrieves records with possible different endings: ▫ child* = child; children; childhood ▪ Consult the help pages of the scientific databases to confirm the truncation symbol Literature review Tips
  51. 51. DEFINE THE SUBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IN KEYWORDS ▪ BE ALLERT… ▪ Use the (?) symbol to replace a character, in case of a linguistic variant ▫ Organi?ation = retrieves organization and organisation ▪ Use Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) ▪ Use quotation marks "" for compound terms ▫ “information literacy” Literature review Tips
  52. 52. DEFINE THE RESEARCH STRATEGY ▪ EXPLORE THE FUNCTIONALITIES OF THE DATABASES ▪ Search by author ▪ Limit options - allows you to set limits, such as: ▫ Document type – ex: “review articles” ▫ Chronological period ▫ Subject area Literature review Tips
  53. 53. DEFINE THE RESEARCH STRATEGY ▪ EXPLORE THE FUNCTIONALITIES OF THE DATABASES ▪ Discover information from a selected registry ▪ Analyze the list of bibliographic references ▪ Explore the "related records" option ▪ Check the list of articles that cited the document - "cited by“ Literature review Tips
  54. 54. DEFINE THE RESEARCH STRATEGY ▪ EXPLORE THE FUNCTIONALITIES OF THE DATABASES ▪ Keeping up-to-date - most databases allow you to subscribe to alerts via email or rss feed from the results of a particular search or publication Literature review Tips
  55. 55. SUMMARY
  56. 56. 1. BEFORE STARTING INFORMATION RESEARCH, YOU SHOULD:  Clearly define the subject / terms to be searched for  Select the type of information to be collected  Select the information source according to the information type Literature review Summary
  57. 57. 2. BUILDING THE SEARCH QUERY  Choose research terms  Define geographical or chronological limits  Translate to English language the terms for searches in international scientific databases Literature review Summary
  58. 58. 3. WHEN CHOOSING THE RESEARCH TERMS, YOU MUST ALSO THINK AT: ▹ Synonyms ▹ Plural/singular ▹ Abbreviations ▹ Linguistic variants Literature review Summary
  59. 59. Literature review Summary Always remember your purpose for study. When collecting and organizing your literature, ask yourself: How does this relate to my study? Is it very important, moderately important? What do you want to search? ▪ Scientific articles ▪ Other articles ▪ Theses and dissertations ▪ … Where to search? ▪ Database ▪ Repository ▪ Library catalog ▪ … What subjects to search? 1. What are the subjects in PT 2. Check synonyms 3. Check plural and singular 4. Check abbreviations 5. Translation to EN 6. Verify language variants
  60. 60. Obtaining the article Steps… It may take several steps to get the article! If the reference you searched for is important to your work, do not give up locating the document. Ask for help of a Library Reference Service technician! 1. Databases – Find the fulltext link (PDF, Fulltext) 2. AtoZ – Verify that the journal is subscribed in electronic form by the UA and which chronological period is available 3. AtoZ da eLibraryUSA (login/password required) – Verify if the journal is available in electronic format and which chronological period is accessible 4. OPAC – Check if the journal exists in printed format in the UA libraries 5. Google Scholar – Search the article title
  61. 61. Obtaining the article Steps… Good luck!6. Google – Search the article title in pdf format (filetype:PDF) 7. Integrated Search – Search the article title 8. Databases – Check the author's affiliation and search in Google the repository of the institution to which the author belongs. In the repository, search the author / title of the article 9. Databases – Check the author's contact and send him an e-mail 10. Interlibrary Loan Service – Request to other national or foreign library a copy of the article
  62. 62. Where to find the information sources? UA LIBRARIES WEB SITE
  63. 63. Thank you!! Questions?