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The Gospel Of Mark


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Slides for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions Class, Spring 2010.

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The Gospel Of Mark

  1. 1. “ The Gospel of Mark” Mark has been labeled the most concise, vivid, and exciting of the gospels.
  2. 2. Author <ul><li>The only name attached to this gospel is Mark. </li></ul><ul><li>Papias’ comment, “Mark became Peter’s interpreter and wrote accurately all that he remembered, not indeed in order of the things said or done by the Lord. For he had not heard the Lord, nor had he followed him, but later on, as I said, followed Peter, who used to give teaching as necessity demanded but not making, as it were, an arrangement of the Lord’s oracles, so that Mark did nothing wrong in writing down single points as he remembered them. For to one thing he gave attention, to leave out nothing of what he had heard and to make no false statements in them.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Author <ul><ul><ul><li>Mark is named the author </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark relied on Peter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark wrote what he remembered comprehensively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark’s writing was episodic—“Writing down single points.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark was not striving for order but accuracy. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Author <ul><li>Which Mark? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Mark (1 Pt 5:13), cousin of Barnabas (Col 4:10), traveler with Paul and Barnabas (Acts 13:5), the son of a wealthy family in Jerusalem (Acts 12:12-14). He disappointed Paul on his first missionary journey (Acts 13:13), but later became a real help to him (2 Tim 4:11). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left Naked? (14:51-52) Could this be Mark’s self-discloser statement? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Date <ul><ul><li>Did Mark write while Peter was alive or after his lifetime? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If this is so then it would be dated to the early 60s. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Place of writing <ul><ul><li>External evidence points to Rome. Internal evidence looks the same direction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark has a Gentile audience in mind, so he explains Jewish things that they would not understand. (3:17; 5:41; 7:11, 34; 14:36; 15:34). </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Outline <ul><ul><li>Mark Highlights the major episodes in Jesus’ life that point to him being the Son of God, the great servant-preacher who ushered in God’s saving reign, the kingdom of God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thematic Prologue: The Gospel of Jesus Christ, Son of God (1:1-15) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus invades the Wilderness and City with Good news (1:16-8:26). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus invades the Hostile City of Jerusalem (8:27-15:47 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epilogue (16:1-8) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Mark’s structure looks much like one of Peter’s sermons (Acts 10:36-40)
  9. 9. Acts Mark <ul><li>“ Good News” (10:36) </li></ul><ul><li>“ God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit (10:38) </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning in Galilee (10:37) </li></ul><ul><li>“ He went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil. (10:38) </li></ul><ul><li>We were witnesses of everything he did…in Jerusalem (10:39) </li></ul><ul><li>They killed him by hanging him of a tree (10:39) </li></ul><ul><li>God raised him from the dead on the third day (10:40 </li></ul><ul><li>The beginning of the gospel (Mk 1:1) </li></ul><ul><li>The coming of the Spirit on Jesus (Mk 1:10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Galilean Ministry (Mk 1:16-8:28) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ ministry focuses on healings and exorcisms </li></ul><ul><li>The ministry in Jerusalem (chs. 11-14) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the death of Christ (ch 15) </li></ul><ul><li>He has risen! He is not here (16:6) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Purpose and Characteristics <ul><ul><li>Central theme is the Story of Jesus of Nazareth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark realized that Jesus is the Son of God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The supernatural nature of Jesus is the main point of Mark. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Supernatural nature of Jesus <ul><ul><li>Mark’s Gospel is confessional: (1:1) and (15:39) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Prepare the way for the Lord” The Lord is coming and with Him comes the Holy Spirit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark skips the birth and early years of Jesus and gets right to the meat…baptism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Announcement from on High (1:11). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice that the Demons know who Jesus is (1:24). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Your sins are forgiven” (Mk 2:7). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Lord of the Sabbath” (Mk 2:28). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ You are the Son of God” (3:11). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Son of the Most High God” (5:7) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus had authority from Heaven (11:27-33). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you the Christ…I am (14:62). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surely this was the Son of God (15:39). </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The People’s reaction: <ul><ul><li>John the Baptist says that he is not worthy to untie his sandals (1:7). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instant response to follow by Peter, James, John and Levi (1:16-20; 2:14). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People are amazed at his ability to cast out demons. Notice the reaction of amazement (6:2; 9:15; 10:24, 26; 11:28; 12:17). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Note the context of amazement 9:15… “if you can”) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Everyone and everything recognize that Jesus is divine—John the Baptist, the demons, disease, the wind and the waves, the disciples, even God himself—except the religious leaders” (92). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who should have recognized Jesus did not. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Death and resurrection of Jesus <ul><ul><li>Mark spends 6 chapters out of 16 on the last week of Jesus’ life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Son of man did not come to be served but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many” (10:45). Lutron , as a price paid for release fr. slavery or captivity ransom; fig. of the cost to Christ in providing deliverance fr. sin price of release, ransom, means of setting free. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus’ death was not an accident; it was the planned and ordained will of God. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The ministry of Jesus <ul><ul><li>God chose to be a servant. He came to “play the man.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus was called “Teacher” by all, his own followers, those in the crowds, and even his enemies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus is a worker of great miracles </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Be Silent! (The messianic coverup). <ul><ul><li>Look at Jesus’ command for those whom he has healed to be silent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exorcisms: demons are not permitted to shout out testimony to the truth (1:32-34; 3:11-12). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some people who were healed were commanded to be silent, in order to get Jesus out of the crowds (1:44; 5:43; 7:36). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disciples are told to be quiet about Jesus’ messiahship because they did not understand and they would not until after the resurrection. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Mark 1:14-20 “Fishers of Men”