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Acts 1 7 And 8 12


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Spring 2010 Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions class.

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Acts 1 7 And 8 12

  1. 1. “ Acts 1-7: The Earliest days of the church”
  2. 2. Group discussion questions <ul><li>Must speaking in tongues accompany every conversion? (Acts 2) </li></ul><ul><li>How many times a week should Christians meet together (Acts 2:46)? </li></ul><ul><li>How often should Christians take the Lord’s supper? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it right to have musical instruments in the church? </li></ul><ul><li>Should Christians worship each day at the Jewish temple? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I receive the Holy Spirit after baptism or before? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the Genre of Acts? <ul><li>Prescriptive or descriptive? </li></ul><ul><li>Prescriptive: Jesus Christ is the only Savior 4:12. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge question? What is doctrine and what is narrative? How do you view the book? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Volume 2 of Luke <ul><li>Author and purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Former book”…implies that there was a prior volume: Luke. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Luke was a physician and co-worker of Paul (Col 4:14). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Date: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on the dating of the third gospel. (no later than 60) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We sections” indicates that Luke was part of the narrative (16:10-17; 20:5-21:28; 27:1-28:16) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Title: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only one of the original 12 is dealt with in detail (Peter). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The work of Paul was Apostolic also, and continued the work done by the original twelve. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics and Importance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historically significant (it mentions over 30 countries, more than 50 towns or cities, islands, one hundred persons, geography, local politics, customs, seafaring, and first century Mediterranean world generally.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theologically significant: Speeches and sermons make up 1/5 of the book. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Literary Features and Structure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide ranging vocab… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It divides into two main sections: (Taken from Acts 1:8);Jerusalem, Judea and Samaria (1-12); The ends of the Earth (13-28) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Outline of Acts 1-7: <ul><li>The witness to Christ in and around Jerusalem (1:1-7:60) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intro and instructions (1:1-8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ascension (1:9-11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Selection of Judas’s Replacement (1:12-26) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pentecost: Emergence of the Church (2:1-47) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Encounter of the Church with the Religious Leaders (3:1-4:35) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ananias and Sapphira: A case of Discipline (4:36-5:16) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Encounter of the church with the Religious leaders (5:17-42) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Seven Servants: An Example of Problem Solving (6:1-7) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen: Fatal Clash with Judaism (6:8-7:60) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Initial witness to Christ in and around Jerusalem (1:1-2:47) <ul><li>Acts picks up where Luke left off. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus left his own personal presence (Lk 24:49; Jn 14:16) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus left standing orders with the disciples (1:6-8) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ascension and promise to return 1:11. </li></ul><ul><li>The first Christian Pentecost (1:12-2:47) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spirit is associated with the announcement of the Gospel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE the reference to Joel 2:28…the last days have come upon us…and how do we know…the Spirit is here. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Spreading the Message, Gathering Opposition (3:1-7:60) <ul><li>Miracles and Message </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crippled beggar is healed (3:8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passing shadow of an apostle heals a man (5:15) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disciples did the works Jesus had done. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish priests were coming to Christ (6:7) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preaching is also key (3:19-23) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even on Trial Peter & John repeat the message of Jesus (4:12). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They never stopped teaching and proclaiming Jesus (5:42). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christian Community: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>growth and social cohesion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People actually lived with the needs of others in mind rather than selfishness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily distribution of food to widows (6:1) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus promised that persecution would follow them (Jn 15:20) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts 7 highlights the conflict with the first martyr. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Piper, Let the Nations be Glad , 99-102 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. &quot;Acts 8-12&quot;
  9. 9. Outline <ul><li>The Witness to Christ in Judea and Samaria (8:1-12:25) </li></ul><ul><li>Saul the Persecutor and Philip the Evangelist (8:1-40) </li></ul><ul><li>The conversion of Saul (9:1-31) </li></ul><ul><li>Peter's Ministry in Judea (9:32-11:18) </li></ul><ul><li>The Antioch Church: Barnabas' Ministry (11:19-30) </li></ul><ul><li>Peter's Miraculous Deliverance (12:1-25) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Perspective of Acts 8-12 Focus on individual persons: Saul, Philip, and Peter. God is interested in all persons; Jews and Greeks alike.
  11. 11. Minor figures in the Plot of Acts. <ul><li>Philip (8:5-13, 26-40) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip was in charge of the food given to widows in Acts 6:5; and he fled to Samaria following the persecutions in Jerusalem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was one of the first to take the gospel outside of Jerusalem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gospel is now preached to the Samaritans. (cf. Jn 4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecution was the &quot;seed&quot; that pushed the gospel out of Jerusalem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip's converts: Simon the sorcerer, and the Ethiopian official. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known in the church as Philip the evangelist (Act 21:8) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Minor figures in the Plot of Acts <ul><li>The Ethiopian Eunuch (8:26-40) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip is prompted by the Spirit to leave Samaria and travel toward Gaza. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the treasurer for the African Kingdom of Ethiopia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading the Isaiah scroll; suffering servant (Isa 53). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Gospel spreads again…possibly for the first time in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ananias (9:10-19) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We learn about Ananias because of his encounters with Paul. (9:1-2). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Met Saul in Damascus, and restored his sight. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note that the first time Ananias sees Saul he embraces him with the title &quot;brother&quot; (Acts 9:17). </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Aeneas (9:33-35) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected to Peter's ministry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He had been paralyzed for 8 yrs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tabitha (9:36-42) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived in Joppa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She was a saintly woman who died </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simon the Tanner (9:43; 10:6, 17, 32) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter lodged in his house while at Joppa (9:43). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision happens here </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cornelius (10:1-11:18) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Centurion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barnabas (11:22-30) Son of encouragement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We first met him selling his property and giving to the church (4:37). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is the key figure for the spread of the Gospel in Antioch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>associates with Paul after his conversion. (9:27) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agabus (11:28) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicted the famine in the Reign of Clauduis (A.D. 41-54) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructs the church to give to the needy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>James the Brother of John (12:2) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inner 3 and part of the 12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus predicts that he will be killed by execution (Mt 20:23). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is the first of the 12 to die for the faith </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Minor players who disbelieved. <ul><li>Simon the Sorcerer (8:9-25) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has magical powers and notices a power greater than that which he wields. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simon offered Peter and John money if they would share their Apostolic powers with him. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His name became synonymous with Heresy in the 2nd century. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Herod Agrippa I. (12:1-23) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecutor of James (12:1-4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother of Herodias who engineered John the Baptist's death. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He executed the guards who watched Peter escape from Jail (12:19). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was called a &quot;god&quot; and reveled in the crowds praise. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Major Players in the Book <ul><li>John (8:14-25) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The apostle the son of Zebedee the &quot;beloved&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accompanies Peter to Samaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note that the Samaritians received the Holy Spirit by the laying on of hands. (Acts 8:17) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the last time he is mentioned by name in Acts. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Peter (8:14-25; 9:32-43; 10:1-11:18; 12:3-18) <ul><li>Peter plays one of the leading roles in this section of Acts. </li></ul><ul><li>Receives the vision on the Tanner's roof top. </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to visit Cornelius at the prompting of the Spirit. &quot;God does not show favoritism&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>New converts did not need to adopt Jewish social customs. </li></ul><ul><li>God intervenes for Peter and busts him out of Prison. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Saul (8:1-3; 9:1-31; 11:25-30; 12:25) <ul><li>He presided over Stephen's stoning </li></ul><ul><li>Persecuted the followers of the way. </li></ul><ul><li>He is confronted with Jesus on the road to Damascus. (He is an Apostle untimely born.) </li></ul><ul><li>He preaches the new found faith in Damascus. </li></ul><ul><li>Escapes a plot to kill him by fleeing to Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>3yrs after conversion he visits Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Withdraws from Jerusalem to Caesarea and on to Tarsus (his home). </li></ul><ul><li>He is recruited by Barnabas for missionary duties to the church at Antioch. </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers the collection for the needy Christians in Judea (famine visit) </li></ul>