Employee health, safety and security

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Employee health, safety and security

  1. 1. Employee Health, Safety and SecurityFor smooth functioning of an organization, the employer has to ensure health, safety andsecurity of his employeesThus it form an integral part of work environmentHealth is the general state of well being. It not only includes physical well being, but alsoemotional and mental well beingSafety refers to the act of protecting the physical well being of an employee. It will includethe risk of accidents caused due to machinery, fire or diseasesSecurity refers to protecting facilities and equipments from unauthorized access andprotecting employees while they are on work
  2. 2. Employee Health, Safety and Security Cont..In organizations the responsibility of employee health and safety falls on the supervisors orHR managerHR manager helps in coordinating safety programs, making employees aware about thehealth and safety policy of the company, conduct formal safety training, etcSupervisors and departmental heads are responsible for maintaining safe workingconditionsResponsibilities of HR manager Monitor health and safety of employees Coach employees to be safety conscious Investigate accidents Communicate about safety policy to employees
  3. 3. Employee Health, Safety and Security Cont..Responsibilities of supervisors/departmental heads Provide technical training regarding prevention of accidents Coordinate health and safety programs Train employees on handling facilities an equipments Develop safety reporting systems Maintaining safe working conditions  Legislations governing Occupational Health & safety in India  Factories act1948 Mines act 1952 Dock workers Act (Safety, Health & Welfare) 1986  
  4. 4. Employee Health, Safety and Security Cont..Issues in Employee Health & Safety An organizational approach to safety is effective only when both the work design and employee behavior work in coordination towards it  Physical Work Settings: Include temperature, noise levels, and proper lighting, size of      work area, kinds of materials used, distance between work areas etc       The physical settings of work affect the performance of employees to a great extent.  Sick Building Syndrome: It is a situation in which employees experience acute health    problems and discomfort due to the time spent in a building (particularly their     workplace)Factors that lead to sick buildings include poor air quality, inadequate ventilation, improper cleanliness, stench of adhesives and glues  
  5. 5. Employee Health, Safety and Security Cont.. Ergonomics: The term comes from the Greek word ergon, which means “work,” andomics which means “management of.”Ergonomics is the study of physiological, psychological, and engineering design aspects ofa job, including such factors as fatigue, lighting, tools, equipment layout, and placement ofcontrols.It is the interface between men and machinesErgonomics is taken into consideration when designing the workstation for computeroperators. Problems of back ache, eye strain and headache arise due to long working hoursspent in front of computers.
  6. 6. Employee Health, Safety and Security Cont.. Engineering of Work Equipments and Materials: Accidents can be prevented in away by proper placements of dangerous machinesProviding safety guards and covers on equipments, emergency stop buttons and otherprovisions help in reducing the accidents considerably Cumulative Trauma and Repetitive Stress: Cumulative trauma disorder occurs whensame muscles are used repetitively to perform some task. This results in injuries ofmusculoskeletal and nervous system. Employees encounter high levels of mental andphysical stress also. Accident Rates and Individuals: An individual approach to safe environment helps inreducing the accident rates. This is generally because more problems are caused bycareless employees than by machines or employer negligenceA positive attitude towards work environment and other practices promotes employeesafety
  7. 7. Employee Health, Safety and Security Cont.. Engineering of Work Equipments and Materials: Accidents can be prevented in away by proper placements of dangerous machinesProviding safety guards and covers on equipments, emergency stop buttons and otherprovisions help in reducing the accidents considerably Cumulative Trauma and Repetitive Stress: Cumulative trauma disorder occurs whensame muscles are used repetitively to perform some task. This results in injuries ofmusculoskeletal and nervous system. Employees encounter high levels of mental andphysical stress also. Accident Rates and Individuals: An individual approach to safe environment helps inreducing the accident rates. This is generally because more problems are caused bycareless employees than by machines or employer negligenceA positive attitude towards work environment and other practices promotes employeesafety

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