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World literature (A Review For College Students)

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World literature (A Review For College Students)

  1. 1. Literature written in poetry emphasizes the aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as sound, symbolism, and meter—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, ordinary meanings, while literature written in prose applies ordinary grammatical structure and the natural flow of speech. Literature can also be classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. While the concept of genre has broadened over the centuries, in general, a genre consists of artistic works that fall within a certain central theme; examples of genre include romance, mystery, crime, fantasy, erotica, and adventure, among others. Important historical periods in English literature include Old English, Middle English, the Renaissance, the Elizabethan era of the 16th century (which includes the Shakespearean era), the 17th Century Restoration period, the 18th century Age of Enlightenment, the Romanticism of the early 19th century, the later 19th Century Victorian, and 20th Century Modernism and Post-modernism. Important intellectual movements that have influenced the study of literature include feminism, post-colonialism, psychoanalysis, post-structuralism, post-modernism, romanticism, and Marxism.
  2. 2. The major forms of Literature are: • Novel • Poem • Drama • Short story • Novella • Various forms of literature are written in and further categorized by genre. Sometimes forms are used interchangeably to define genre. However, a form, e.g., a novel or a poem, can itself be written in any genre. Genre is a label that characterizes elements a reader can expect in a work of literature.
  3. 3. Genre is a category characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter. The classic major genres of Literature are:
  4. 4. Types of Literature An autobiography is the story of a person's life written or told by that person. • Bill Peet: An Autobiography A biography is the story of a person's life written or told by another person. • Eleanor, by Barbara Cooney A fable is a story that teaches a moral or a lesson. It often has animal characters. • The Tortoise and the Hare Fantasy novels are often set in worlds much different from our own and usually include magic, sorcery and mythical creature. • The Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling A folktale is a story that has been passed down, usually orally, within a culture. It may be based on superstition and feature supernatural characters. Folktales include fairy tales, tall tales, trickster tales and other stories passed down over generations. • Hansel and Gretel
  5. 5. A legend is a story that has been handed down over generations and is believed to be based on history, though it typically mixes fact and fiction. The hero of a legend is usually a human. • King Arthur and the Roundtable A myth is a traditional story that a particular culture or group once accepted as sacred and true. It may center on a god or supernatural being and explain how something came to be, such as lightning or music or the world itself. • The Greek story of the Titan Prometheus bringing fire to humankind Science fiction stories examine how science and technology affect the world. The books often involve fantasy inventions that may be reality in the future. • The Left Hand of Darkness, by Ursula Le Guinn

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