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  1. 1. Map of Ecuador
  2. 2. Flag of Ecuador (The of significance colors & emblem) The Red, green and blue are the colors of Francisco Miranda, the South American revolutionist and adventurer. The yellow is the color of the federation, red is said to indicate courage. Blue symbolizes independence from Spain. The center of arms is topped with a condor.National Symbols
  3. 3. National Red Rose National Tree (Cinchora) (Lycast Skinneri) ( Quina)National Animal-Quina National Mountain-Andian CondorNational River- Chimborazo National Instrument- RondadorEcuador Government System
  4. 4. Ecuador had four successive democratic elections from 1948 to 1960,but the country did not experience relative political stability underdemocratic rule again until the 1980s. Seven years of militarydictatorship ended with the presidential inauguration of Jaime RoldósAguilera on August 10, 1979. After Roldós died in an airplane crashon May 24, 1981, Vice President Osvaldo Hurtado Larrea assumedthe presidency. The completion of the Hurtado/Roldós administrationand the constitutional and orderly transfer of power--the first suchtransfer in twenty-four years--to conservative León Febres CorderoRibadeneyra (1984-88) in August 1984 seemed to affirm therestoration of democracy in Ecuador. Nevertheless, as Roldós himselfhad cautioned shortly before taking office, the nation had only aformalistic and ritualistic democratic tradition. Ecuadorian Culture This page is mainly about the Ecuadorian culture. Culture is an important thing to the country of Ecuador. The culture of Ecuador is also connected to religion. In this page you will learn about the clothing Ecuadorians wear, food, music, dances, festivals and other more interesting cultural facts.Traditions
  5. 5. In Ecuador people can greet you with their smile or just by saying "hi" in spanish. Some ecuadorian can greet you by saying hi but not in spanish but in Quechua, their native language. Some Andean people who live in the mountain regions still speak the Quechua language. Through out history, women were the ones who had to stay at home while their husbands went to work. Women had to stay at home to do the chores and take care of the children and serve their husbands. Today, that has changed in Ecuador. In Ecuador it is reversed. The woman now go to work and most men stay at home to take care of their children. Ecuadorians know were the people come from because of the way they are dressed. Many ecuadorians dress differently according to the place or region they live. Some festivals or holidays are celebrated differently in Ecuador. During the Christmas time in Ecuador the Novenas or house tours begin the holiday season and it starts nine days before Christmas. Ecuadorians visit different homes looking at the nativity scenes and decorations. Children at this time place their list of presents into an old shoe waiting for Papa Noel (Santa Claus) to come and visit. Everyone get together with their family to celebrate Christmas. A special cookie is made and is eaten as a specil treat. New Years is also celebrated in Ecuador but in a different way than in other countries. The ecuadorian tradition is that in the New Year, they make dummy that is stuffed with old clothing and then is burned to celebrate the ending of the old year and the coming of the New Year. Ecuadorians also dress themselves as clowns to recieve the coming of the New Year in a happy and enjoyable way.CustomsMost Ecuadorans place great emphasis on the family, includingfictive kinship, which is established by the choice of godparents atbaptism. Apart from baptism, important occasions in the life cycleinclude the quinceañera (the 15th birthday of girls), marriage, andfunerals. Many Ecuadorans make pilgrimages or dedicate themselves
  6. 6. to the service of a particular saint. During the year, numerousreligious and secular festivals provide opportunities for parades,special food, and music and dance.Food Ecuador Food mainly includes a great variety of fruits and vegetables, as there are plenty of them. Ecuador is greatly recognized for its exotic fruits, high quality fish and Seafood and the innumerable varieties of Andean potatoes. All over the country, you will find a wide frequency of national and regional dishes, which include lemon marinated shrimp, toasted corn and patties stuffed with minced spicy meat. Ecuadorian Food is for all, be with a low or a high budget. Those with a low budget can opt for the combo meals or set meals and can still enjoy the wide variety of taste. Normally lunch and dinner with soup, meat in main course and dessert come up to 1 $. There are choices for vegetarians as well. There is a wide range of breads, pastries, savory snacks and cheese or meat filled patties. Potato and cheese pancakes known as llapingachos are delicacies. The regular diet includes rice, potato, meat as in beef and chicken, and pork in Sierra. One of the most important sauce in Ecuadorian Cuisine is aji which is a hot sauce. Most homes and restaurants in Ecuador have their own versions of this sauce. Soups are again a specialty of Ecuadorian Food. Locro Soup though sounds a little weird with the ingredients like cheese, avocado and potato
  7. 7. is actually quite delicious. Food of Ecuador on a daily basis includes seco de pollo, which is stewed chicken with rice and avocado slices. The spices of Ecuador are extraordinary which make the Ecuador Food mouth watering. Educational SystemPrimary EducationThe constitution stipulates that all children attend school for 9 yearsand that this be free. Although the primary school enrolment rateexceeds 95%, 25% of children will have dropped out by the end of the5th grade. Information is scanty, however there are believed to beapproximately 1,088 primary schools where an average of 1.5teachers per school educate an average of 63 pupils through 6 grades.Secondary EducationThere are 35 secondary schools in Ecuador. Grades 7 – 9 are free.Thereafter parents must pay school fees if they would like theirchildren to study further. When this happens students have a choice ofattending classes in for example computer skills, maths, science orsocial studies.Vocational EducationInformation on vocational training is scant too, and in many cases on-job training is little more than sitting next to nellie. A number ofinternational aid programs are in place the help the governmentimprove the situation. Inevitably it is the rural poor that are the mostdisadvantaged.Tertiary EducationThe primary university is Universidad San Francisco de Quito in thecity of that name. While highly regarded locally it scores poorly ininternational rankings. It was founded in 1988 as a non-profitorganization to plug a gap in the country’s education system.
  8. 8. There were originally just 3 colleges (business, applied sciences,communications and culture). Over the years a fuller spread has beenadded.October 12Columbus Day*Also known as "Día de la Raza" (Day of the Race), Columbus Daycelebrates the day in 1492 on which Christopher Columbus (CristobalColón) first set foot on American soil in what is now known as theDominican Republic.November 2All Souls Day (a.k.a. "Day of the Dead")*On All Souls Day, families visit cemeteries to dance, drink, eat, andleave flowers and other offerings for deceased friends and relatives ina convivial ceremony designed to celebrate the lives of those whohave passed on.December 6Founders Day, Quito - Fiestas de QuitoThe air in Quito takes on a more festive spirit throughout the firstweek of December as Quiteños take in bullfights, parades, and streetdances, and ride around Quito atop Chivas (open-air party busescomplete with live music and drinks). Also known as "Fiestas deQuito", this week is the opening act to a month-long gala for manyJuly 25Founders Day, GuayaquilFor two days, Guayaquil enjoys its biggest celebration of the year.
  9. 9. The ciity shuts down for two days to celebrate Simón Bolívarsbirthday and the foundation of Ecuadors most populous city.May 24Battle of Pichincha*Military and civilian parades mark the day in 1822 when thecountrys most important battle in the war for independence fromSpain was fought.ImportsImporting goods into Ecuador from the United States or Europe canbe a time-consuming, costly and frustrating process. However, withthe guidance of good lawyers and reputable companies, many—butcertainly not all—of these annoyances can be alleviated. Start theprocess way ahead of time and dont count on goods arrivingaccording to a strict schedule. Many things can go wrong along theway. Guidelines are constantly changing and a lot depends on whichparticular customs officials you are dealing with at any given time.The first real step entails figuring out what type of visa entitlesimportation of goods. This is very important, as getting the wrongtype of visa will cost you extra money, time and overall hassle. Keepin mind that you cannot import goods into Ecuador with a studentvisa. Then there are other visas like the investment visa—whichrequires a $25,000 minimum in the bank to keep it valid—that doallow importation, but are not recommended for doing so.Once you get have secured a visa at your local Ecuador consulate, thenext big—and very important—step is finding a reputable importer.Take the time to do thorough research and make sure the company isaware of the specific provisions for importing into Ecuador. Manyclaim they know them, yet few have any real experience with Ecuadorimportation, and the requirements for Ecuador are very different thanthey are for other countries. The extra splurge on a reliable importermay be worth it because it is bound to save you money and cut down
  10. 10. on inconvenience down the road. The importer will usually handleexport documents, but at an extra cost.You will also need to set up an agent in advance to supervise customsat the port in Guayaquil, and to transport your items to Quito. It isalso possible to pick the stuff up yourself in Guayaquil instead. INSA(URL: www.insa.com.ec) is a reputable company with English-speaking employees.One of the most important measures you will need to take is creatingyour Menaje de Casa, or an official, extremely detailed list of eachitem you are importing. The list must be translated into Spanish, andyou need to include descriptions of, serial and model numbers of, andvalues of each thing in your shipping container. After this has beencompleted, you will need to get a Certificado de Menaje de Casa deExtanjeros at your nearest Ecuadorian consulate. You will have to getthe signature on your Menaje de Casa notarized and then will need toget a letter written at the consulate that says you A than a year, whichwill then have to be notarized by someone in the consulate building.Once notarized, the letter will have to have an apostilleafixed at thestate or provincial capital building and then will need to be taken backto the consulate another time. Approval of the Menaje de Casa costsabout $100. Make sure to make lots of copies of all these documents(and that goes for all documents throughout the entire process). Also,take your passport with you everywhere because you will most likelybe asked for it each step of the way.Costs are highly dependent on the importer you use, but keep in mindthat you are charged per shipping container, not per pound, so emptyspace is wasted space. However, make sure that all items in thecontainer, which will then be reflected on your Menaje de Casa, totalless than $4,000 or else you will be subject to much higher taxes. Ona value of slightly under $4,000, you can expect to pay about $700 intaxes, or about a fifth of the total value. Importing one shippingcontainer from New York City to Guayaquil will cost around $3,000,and then an additional $1,300 or so for customs clearance andtransport from Guayaquil to Quito.
  11. 11. The entire process from start to finish can take close to a year, or evenlonger. Sometimes you will need to wait a few months for a boat toeven come in the direction of Guayaquil before you will be able tosend your belongings. Other times, your shipping container may sitinexplicably in customs for weeks or months. Therefore, dont planfor anything to arrive on time. Also, dont be surprised if items aremissing, as there have been many reports of stolen goods. This iswhere hiring a reputable agent should payoff, as it should oversee thewellbeing of your goods and reduce the chances of this happening.Finally, importing, like many other things in Ecuador is all about whoyou know. Therefore, if you can hook up with someone who importsregularly through business or otherwise, putting your stuff with theirsis a significantly better and cheaper option.ExportsEcuador Exports are an essential component of nationalwealth. Ecuador produces many products in addition to oil, bananasand flowers.Primary Exports• Petroleum• Tourism• Fishing products (tunas, lobsters, shrimps, etc)• Milk products (milk, eggs to incubate, powder milk)• Flowers (roses, natural flowers, others)• Agricultural, fruits and vegetables• Onions, cauliflowers, broccoli, cucumbers, asparagus, yucca• Banana, macho bananas, pineapples, mangos, lemons, melons,watermelon• Coffee, black tea, ginger, corn, rice.MoneyEcuador’s official currency is the US dollar. If you’re not travelingfrom the USA, consider bringing a small supply of US dollars with
  12. 12. you on your trip in case you have trouble exchanging currency fromyour home country. Western Unions are in most big cities.ExchangeThe value for Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)in Ecuador was 25,000.00 as of 2006. As the graph below shows, overthe past 46 years this indicator reached a maximum value of25,000.00 in 2006 and a minimum value of 15.00 in 1960.Definition: Official exchange rate refers to the exchange ratedetermined by national authorities or to the rate determined in thelegally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annualaverage based on monthly averages (local currency units relative tothe U.S. dollar).Source: International Monetary Fund, International FinancialStatistics.Ecuador ( i/ˈ kwədɔ r/ E-kwə-dawr), officially the Republic of ɛEcuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador [reˈpuβlikaðelekwaˈðor] which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator") ,is a representative democratic republic in South America, borderedby Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and bythe Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in SouthAmerica, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. Thecountry also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland.The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of thepopulation). Languages of official use in native communitiesinclude Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages. Ecuador has an areaof 275,830 km2 (106,500 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which wasdeclared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for havingthe best preserved and least altered historic center in LatinAmerica.[8] The countrys largest city is Guayaquil. With itsinternational port and tuna fishing industry, Manta is the third most
  13. 13. important city in the country economically. The historiccenterofCuenca, the third largest city in the country, was also declareda World Heritage Site in 1999, for being an outstanding example of aplanned inland Spanish style colonial city in the Americas.[9] Ecuadoris also home to a great variety of species, many of them endemic, likethose of theGalápagosislands. This species diversity makes Ecuadorone of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world.[10] The newconstitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legallyenforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.[11]Ecuador is a presidential republic and became independent in 1830,after having been part of the Spanish colonial empire, and for a muchshorter time of the republic of Gran Colombia. It is a medium-incomecountry with an HDI score of 0.720 (2011).[7]