Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Marketing Ethics
NIKE – Socially Responsible?
Background
• Sweatshops and child labor
overseas, with horrible
working conditions.
• Accusat...
Ethical Criticisms of Marketing
•
•
•
•
•
•

High prices
Deceptive practices
High-pressure selling
Shoddy, harmful, or uns...
High Prices
• Caused by:
– High costs of
distribution
– High advertising
and promotion
costs
– Excessive
markups
(greed & ...
Deceptive Practices
• Deceptive Pricing
– Falsely advertising “factory”, “wholesale”, “clearance” or other
seemingly large...
High-Pressure Selling
• Salespeople are trained to deliver smooth,
canned talks to entice purchase.
– High-pressure sellin...
Shoddy or Unsafe Products
• Includes
–
–
–
–

Poorly made products
Products that do not perform well
Products that deliver...
McDonald’s and Obesity

A 2002 lawsuit unsuccessfully sued McDonald’s on behalf of obese children,
claiming McD’s marketed...
Planned Obsolescence
• Refers to:
– Products needing replacement before they should because
they are obsolete. (computers ...
Poor Treatment of Disadvantaged Consumers
• Examples
– The poor are forced to shop in smaller stores
where they pay more f...
Marketing’s Impact on Society as a Whole
• Marketing creates false wants
and needs
• Marketing makes people
materialistic
...
Cultural Pollution

Does constant exposure to advertisements assault
our senses?
Consumerism
Consumerism is an organized
movement of citizens and
government agencies to improve
the rights and power of bu...
Buyers’ Rights
•

Buyers have the right to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

not buy a product offered for sale.
expect the product to be safe...
Environmental Sustainability
• Sustaining the environment while producing
profits for the company.
• The “Triple Bottom Li...
Environmental Sustainability
The Dell recycling
program helps
customers recycle or
donate old computer
equipment.
Societal Classification of Products
Global Marketing Ethics
• Business standards and practices vary greatly
between countries.
– Bribery and kickbacks are ill...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

16 ethics

646 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

16 ethics

  1. 1. Marketing Ethics
  2. 2. NIKE – Socially Responsible? Background • Sweatshops and child labor overseas, with horrible working conditions. • Accusation: targeting lowincome families by making shoes an expensive status symbol for poor urban street kids. Nike responds by… • Implementing a companywide ethical code of conduct • Commissioning an independent study of Nike factories abroad • Creating a huge social responsibility department • Donating more than $37 million to sports programs and 3 percent of earnings to charity.
  3. 3. Ethical Criticisms of Marketing • • • • • • High prices Deceptive practices High-pressure selling Shoddy, harmful, or unsafe products Planned obsolescence Poor service to disadvantaged consumers
  4. 4. High Prices • Caused by: – High costs of distribution – High advertising and promotion costs – Excessive markups (greed & profit pressures) Why do branded products cost more than generics (i.e. store brand)? The cost of advertising?
  5. 5. Deceptive Practices • Deceptive Pricing – Falsely advertising “factory”, “wholesale”, “clearance” or other seemingly large reductions from a phony high original retail (list) price. • Deceptive Promotion – Overstating a product’s features or performance, running rigged or fraudulent contests. – “Bait-and-Switch” advertising • Deceptive Packaging – Exaggerating package contents through slick design, misleading quantity or quality imagery and misleading labeling
  6. 6. High-Pressure Selling • Salespeople are trained to deliver smooth, canned talks to entice purchase. – High-pressure selling persuades people to buy goods they neither need nor want. – Driven by compensation structures (i.e. high bonus potentials). – High-pressure selling ultimately destroys customer relationships and goodwill.
  7. 7. Shoddy or Unsafe Products • Includes – – – – Poorly made products Products that do not perform well Products that deliver little benefit Harmful products (cause bodily harm, illness, even death) • How it happens – Undue focus on profit, increased production complexity, poorly trained labor, and poor quality control – New products without safety track records – Outsourcing of production often leads to quality issues
  8. 8. McDonald’s and Obesity A 2002 lawsuit unsuccessfully sued McDonald’s on behalf of obese children, claiming McD’s marketed food that is high in “fat, salt, sugar, and cholesterol.”
  9. 9. Planned Obsolescence • Refers to: – Products needing replacement before they should because they are obsolete. (computers and software) – Producers who change consumer concepts of acceptable styles. (clothing and fashion) – Intentionally holding back attractive or advanced functional features, and introducing them later to make the old model obsolete. (electronics) How do consumers attempt to combat Planned Obsolescence?
  10. 10. Poor Treatment of Disadvantaged Consumers • Examples – The poor are forced to shop in smaller stores where they pay more for inferior goods. – The poor receive worse service (or no service) at stores. – “Redlining” by national chain stores in disadvantaged neighborhoods. – Poor are targeted for “rapid refunds” and other “quick-money” swaps.
  11. 11. Marketing’s Impact on Society as a Whole • Marketing creates false wants and needs • Marketing makes people materialistic • Marketing promotes poor quality products
  12. 12. Cultural Pollution Does constant exposure to advertisements assault our senses?
  13. 13. Consumerism Consumerism is an organized movement of citizens and government agencies to improve the rights and power of buyers in relation to sellers.
  14. 14. Buyers’ Rights • Buyers have the right to: 1. 2. 3. 4. not buy a product offered for sale. expect the product to be safe. expect the product to perform as claimed. be well informed about important aspects of the product. 5. be protected against questionable products and marketing practices. 6. influence products and marketing practices in ways that will improve their “quality of life.”
  15. 15. Environmental Sustainability • Sustaining the environment while producing profits for the company. • The “Triple Bottom Line” • Levels of environmental sustainability: – Pollution prevention – Product stewardship – New environmental-friendly technologies – Sustainability vision
  16. 16. Environmental Sustainability The Dell recycling program helps customers recycle or donate old computer equipment.
  17. 17. Societal Classification of Products
  18. 18. Global Marketing Ethics • Business standards and practices vary greatly between countries. – Bribery and kickbacks are illegal in the U.S., but are legal and even standard business practice in other countries. Should companies maintain a consistent set of ethical standards to be used worldwide?

×