THE NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION BHUPEN KUMAR SHARMA PGDM-RM
NEED FOOD SECURITY MISSIOIN ? The growth in food grain production has stagnated during recent past while the consumption need of the growing population is increasing. To meet the growing foodgrain demand, National Development Council in its 53rd meeting adopted a resolution to enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses by 10, 8 and 2 million tons respectively by 2011. The proposed Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘National Food Security Mission (NFSM) is to operationalize the resolution of NDC and enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses.
KEY FEATURES OF NFSM• The scheme to be implemented in a mission mode through a farmer centric approach• All the Stakeholders to be actively associated at the District levels for achieving the set goal.• The scheme aims to target the select districts by making available the improved technologies to the farmers through a series of planned interventions.• A close monitoring mechanism proposed to ensure that interventions reach to the targeted beneficiaries.
OBJECTIVES OF THE MISSION Increasing production of rice, wheat and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner; Restoring soil fertility and productivity at individual farm level; Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence of farmers of targeted districts
STRATEGY1.Expansion of area of Pulses and Wheat, No expansion ofarea in rice2.Bridging the yield gap between the potential and thepresent level of productivity throughAcceleration of seed productionIntegrated Nutrient Management and Integrated PestManagementPromotion of new production technologies like hybrid rice,timely planting of wheat and promotion of new improved varietyof PulsesSupply of input ensuring their timely availabilityFarmers Training and Visits
STRUCTURE OF MISSION General CouncilNational Food Security Mission Executive Committee State Food Security State Food Security Mission Mission (autonomous Executive Committee agency)District Food Security Mission District Food Security Executive Committee Mission (autonomous agency)
COMPONENTS OF NFSM - RICE Demonstration of improved technology including hybrid and System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Incentive for quality seeds of HYVs/hybrids Popularization of new varieties through seed mini kits Promotion of micro nutrients, lime and gypsum Promotion of mechanical weeders and other farm implements Integrated pest management Extension, training and mass media campaign Awards for best performing district in each State. Assistance for innovative interventions at local level
COMPONENTS OF NFSM - WHEAT Demonstration of improved Technology Incentive for quality seeds of HYVs to raise the SRR Promotion of micronutrient use in deficient areas Incentive for promotion of application of Gypsum Popularization of Zero till Machines and rotavator Providing subsidy on diesel pumpsets and community generators for irrigation Extension, training and mass media campaign awards for best performing districts Assistance for innovative interventions at local level
COMPONENTS OF NFSM – PULSES Increasing seed replacement rate to 25% from present level of 7-8% Promotion of improved production technologies Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Promotion of micronutrients/gypsum/bio-fertilizers Promotion of sprinkler irrigation Pilot Project on tackling the menace of blue bull Extension, training and mass media campaign Awards for best performing districts Pilot project on demonstration ICRISAT Technologies.
FLOW OF FUND Funds for the Mission’s programmes to be directly released to the State Food Security Mission (SFSM) agency after approval by the National Executive Committee. State Mission agency would ensure implementation of the programmes, in a time-bound manner and would make available funds to the District level implementing agency in accordance with their approved programmes. Funds would be released in installments based on progress reports and furnishing of utilization certificates
MONITORING MECHANISM The NFSM will be monitored by National, State and District Executive Committees The Project Management Team would be constituted at District, State and national level to assist in the monitoring and implementation of the programme. Mission Director at National and State level will be assisted by Project Management Team in implementation and monitoring. The Department of Economics and Statistics to be involved in data collection for monitoring and impact evaluation.
A paradigm shift to focus states / districtswith higher yield potential and large yieldgaps National Food Security Mission-Rice Districts Covering more than 50,000 ha area under rice The productivity is less than the State average productivity. National Food Security Mission-Wheat Districts with sizeable area under wheat Districts having irrigation to a great extent The productivity is less than national/state average. National Food Security Mission- Pulses The districts selected based on potential for area expansion through inter- cropping / fallow land.
District Level Action Plans* The annual action plan to be prepared by District Food SecurityMission Executive Committee (DFSMEC) headed by Collector* A baseline survey to be conducted by District agency to recordcurrent levels of production.* The annual action plan for the district to be based on potentialand available technology.* State level action plan to be prepared based on district levelaction plan.* DFSMEC to identify new initiative other than approved interventions as per needs and requirement of agroclimatic conditions* For selection of beneficiaries Panchayat Raj institutions to be associated at village level
AREA OF OPERATIONNFSM – Rice: Total States:12 Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Total identified districts: 133 NFSM – Wheat: Total States: 9 Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashta, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Total identified districts: 138 NFSM – Pulses:Total States:14 Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal Total identified districts:168 Total States under NFSM: 16 Total identified districts under NFSM: 305
Evaluation Concurrent evaluation will be done every year. The State Department of Economics and Statistics to be responsible for conducting this evaluation In the 3rd year, a mid-term evaluation at the National Level will be undertaken through an independent agency An Impact Evaluation Study at the National Level will also be undertaken through an independent agency after the 5th year of implementation Information communication technology will be used for monitoring and evaluation of the Mission.
Training of Farmers Location and the list of beneficiaries for Farmers’ Field School to be approved by DSFMEC. There will be a season long training of the farmers in their fields for a single day in a week. Demonstration plots/fields of the programme will be used as training points in FFS. There will be one FFS for every 1000 ha of area. Two Facilitators from SAUs / Government of India and ICAR Institutes, will run each FFS. The number of farmers will be limited to 30 only for each FFS.
TECHNOLOGY FOR ADOPTION1. Wheat→ Timely planting - State Campaign→ Planting through zero till seed drill / normal seeddrill→ Seed treatment before sowing→ Balanced use of fertilizer→ Efficient use of irrigation water through sprinklersand light irrigation→ Frequent irrigation in case of abrupt rise intemperatures→ Replacement of most popular wheat variety PBW 343with PBW 502, DWR 17, HD 2687, PW D-550 (Punjab)
2.Pulses Increase area under pulses either pure crop or intercrop Campaign for timely planting Seed treatment for better plant stand Rice fallow to be targeted for area expansion of pulses Increase area under inter cropping with sugarcane in UP, Mustard in Rajasthan and Wheat in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Eastern U.P. Apply micro nutrients with NPK in deficient soils At least one light irrigation specially in MP, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and A.P to Gram
PREPAREDNESS FOR RABI : 2007• 2.6 lakh wheat minikits are ready for dispatch. States need to indicate designated places for delivery• Availability of quality seed to be ensured by State in identified districts• Availability of micro nutrients like zink, boron etc. to be ensured for deficient soils• A massive campaign to be planned for timely sowing and seed treatment through print media / radio / T.V.
Pattern of assistance for components of NFSM-RiceS.No Components Pattern of assistance1 Demonstration of improved Rs. 2,500 per Demonstratoin package of practices2 System of Rice Intensification Rs.3,000 per Demonstration3 Hybrid rice technology Rs.3,000 per Demonstration4 Hybrid rice seed (a) Assistance for production of Rs. 1,000 per qtl or 50% of the hybrid rice seed cost (b) Assistance for distribution of Rs. 2,000 per qtl or 50% of the hybrid rice seed cost5 Assistance for distribution of HYVs Assistance @ Rs. 5 per kg or Seed 50% of the cost6 Seed Mini kits of High yielding Full cost of the seed varieties
Contd..7 Incentive for micro nutrients (in Assistance @ Rs. 500 per ha or 50% deficient soils) of the cost8 Incentive for liming in acid soils Assistance @ Rs. 500 per ha or 50% of the cost9 Incentive for cono weeder and other Assistance @ Rs. 3,000 per farmer or farm implements 50% of the cost10 Assistance for plant protection Assistance @ Rs. 500 per ha or 50% chemicals and bio-pesticides of the cost11 Farmers’ Training (a) At FSS pattern Rs. 17,000 per training (Full cost)12 Awards for best performing Rs. 5.0 lakh per year (Full cost) District
contd…S.No Components Pattern of assistance13 Incentive for video conferencing, mass Rs. 25 crore during first year and media campaign and publicity of the Rs. 50 crore/year in remaining National Food Security Mission period14 Miscellaneous Expenditure Full cost (a) Project Management Team and Rs. 6.36 lakh per district per year other miscellaneous expenses at district level (b) Project Management Team and Rs. 13.87 lakh per State per year other miscellaneous expenses at State level (c) Miscellaneous expenses at National Rs. 84.56 lakh per year level
Pattern of assistance for components of NFSM-WheatS. No. Components Pattern of assistance1 Demonstration of Rs. 2,000 per demonstration improved package2 Assistance on quality seed Rs. 5 per kg or 50% of the cost3. Distribution of Seed Full cost of the seed Minikit4 Incentive for micro Rs.500 per ha or 50% of the cost nutrients5 Incentives for Rs. 500 per ha or 50% of the cost Gypsum (Salt affected soils)
S. No. Components Pattern of assistance6 Zero till Seed drill 50% of the cost or Rs. 15000 per machine, whichever is less7. Rotavators 50% of the cost or Rs. 30000 per machine, whichever is less8 Pilot project on Rs. 5.0 crores (full cost) community generators for irrigation in shallow water table areas9 Incentive for diesel 50% of the cost or Rs. 10000 per pumpsets pumpsets per farmer, whichever is less10 Farmers Training on FFS Rs. 17000 per training pattern11 International Exposure Rs1.0 crore per year for initial two visit of technical staff years
contd…S.No Components Pattern of assistance12 Awards for best performing Rs. 5.0 lakh per year (Full cost) districts13 Assistance for local initiatives Rs 2.0 crore per district during XI Plan period for those districts which have two or more components of NFSM and Rs. 1.0 crore per district during XI Plan period to those districts which have only one component of NFSM14 Miscellaneous expenses Full cost (a) Project Management Team and Rs. 6.38 lakh per district per year other miscellaneous expenses at district level (b) Project Management Team and Rs. 13.87 lakh per State per year other miscellaneous expenses at State level (c) Miscellaneous expenses at Rs. 84.56 lakh per year National level
Pattern of assistance for components of NFSM-PulsesSl No. Components Pattern of assistance1 Seed Production of Breeder seed of pulses Lump sum grant of Rs 2.0 crores/year on project basis. Purchase of Breeder seed of pulses from Full cost as per uniform rates fixed by ICAR Seeds Division, DAC, Ministry of Agriculture Production of Foundation and Certified Rs 1000/qtl seeds of pulses Distribution assistance on certified seeds 50% of the cost or Rs 1200/qtl, whichever is less. Strengthening of state seed certification Rs 25.00 lakhs /state/annum agency2 Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) 50% of the cost or Rs 1250/ha, whichever is less.3 Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 50% of the cost or Rs 750/ha, whichever is less.4 Distribution of sprinkler sets 50% of the cost or Rs 7500/ha, whichever is less.
Contd.Sl No. Components Pattern of assistance5a Extension, Training and Mass media Full cost campaign including best awards to best (Lump sum grant of Rs 50 performing districts lakhs/state/year for Extension, Training and Mass media campaign; Rs 1 lakhs/training for 50 farmers)5b Strengthening of infrastructure of Indian Rs 5.00 crore for IIPR Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur for Breeder seed production6 Pilot project/projects on tackling the menace Funding on project basis of blue bull (Neel Gai)7 Demonstration of technologies and practices Funding on project basis developed by ICRISAT to enhance productivity and production of pulses8 Miscellaneous expenses relating to Project Full cost limited to Rs. 5.0 Management Team including contractual lakh per district per year services, POL, contingency and other expenses at district level
Causes for Low Productivity of Wheat Delayed sowing in rice-wheat and in cotton-wheat system Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) Low and imbalanced use of fertilizers / nutrients Deficiency of micro and secondary nutrients Soil degradation and loss of fertility & Deceleration of factor productivity Poor efficiency of irrigation water Temperature rise during grain formation period
Assistance Sprinkler Sets for Pulses* It is envisaged to increase irrigation area under pulses from the existing 16% to 21% in the NFSM-Pulses implementing districts during XIth plan period.* The states will compile the district-wise details of sprinkler sets distributed during Xth plan under all schemes. This will help in fixing the bench-marks for monitoring of this component on a yearly basis.* DSFMEC would approve the list of beneficiaries prepared by the District Agriculture Officer in consultation with the Zilla Parishad.* Only those beneficiaries will be selected who have not availed of any similar benefit under with any other scheme being implemented in the district.