Training techniques and super visionary methods for workers1
SUB:- HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT.(201) SUBMITTED BY- BHOBOTOSH DEBNATH. NU-MN/05/10
INTRODUCTION:“Training is the act of increasing the knowledgeand skill of an employee for doing a specific job.” Every organization needs the service of trainedpersons for performing the activities in asystematic way. So after selecting the employeesthe next task of management is to give themproper training. This has to arrange some kind oftraining methods, techniques for preparingworkers the job and also keep them supervisedwith latest technological aids.
TRAINING TECHNIQUES 1 2 3ON THE JOB OFF THE JOB ELETRONIC TRAINING TRAINING TRAINING“shop training” In this trainingallowing the employee Computerized & methods theto perform his job internet basedunder the supervision trainees have to tools are usedand guidance of leave the workplacetrained workers to revolutionized and they spendproviding all practical the trainingand realistic their entire time to process.application. training.
ON THE JOB TRAINING Job Instruction Training.(JIT):Commonly known as JIT it is basically used to teach the workers how todo their current jobs & it is four steps instructional process.•The trainee receives an overview of the job its purpose anddesired outcomes, with a clear focus on the relevance of training.•The trainer demonstrates the job in order to give the employee amodel to copy.•The trainee is then asked to copy the trainer’s demonstrations &practice them till the trainer become master to perform the job.•Finally the employee does the job without any supervision andindependently.
Coaching:On the job coaching by the supervisor is an important & potentially effective approach,where daily training & feedback given by the supervisor to the employee is observed. It hasthe advantage of increased motivation for the trainee with practical knowledge.coaching depends upon patience & communication skills of the coach. He willhave to-•Explain appropriate ways of doing things.•Make clear way some actions are taken.•Offer possible alternatives.•Give suggestion.•Follow up.
Position Rotation:In this process, the trainee is rotated periodically from onejob to another job where he acquires general background aswell as understands the larger organisational perspective &different functional areas of the organisation. Rotations helptrainees to build co-operation with large number of individualin the organisation & various departments. Apprenticeship:This training is structured process by which people become skilledworker through a combination of classroom instruction &practical knowledge supervised by trained worker It is widely usedto train individuals for many occupations as Medicine, Law, andTeaching etc.
OFF THE JOB TRAINING Vestibule Training:In this method a training centre called vestibule is set up & actual job condition isduplicated in it. Expert trainers with tools, machines etc. are provided to theworkers. This method of training is used primarily when large number of employeemust be trained quickly as needed by the organization. Classroom Training:Classroom training takes place either inside the organisation orexternal site or institution, universities or professionalassociations, which have no connection with the company. The mainaim of classroom training is to take the man outside from hisworking environment & let him mix different men as to bringchange in his attitude . looking at problem differently
Conference:In conference the participants pool their experiences to arrive at suitable conclusion of aproblem. Conference may include buzz session i.e. division of conference into small groupfor intensive discussion, this small group then report back their conclusion to the wholeconference. This method allows the trainees to look at the problem from a broader angle. Programmed Learning: Programmed instruction is a step by step process of learning thatconsists of three parts.•Presentation, facts or problem to the trainees.•Allowing the trainee to respond.•Providing feedback on the accuracy of answers. Thus this method helps to reduce time, facilitates trainees to learn attheir own pace, provides immediate feedback & reduces errors.
ELECTRONIC TRAINING Audio Visual:Audio-visual include slides, films, power point presentation, video conferencing,audio-video tapes etc. These can be effective & are widely used as trainingtechniques as it provide the trainees a wide range of realistic examples of jobcondition. This technique of the presentation can be controlled and will remain equalfor all training group. Audio-visual aids tend to be more interesting. Computer Based TrainingIn computer based training the trainee uses computer basedCD ROM systems to increase his knowledge or skills. In thismethod the test are taken on computer so that themanagement can monitor each trainee’s progress and needs.
Electronic Performance Support System(EPSS):Here us the focus is to made the worker skill by job aid EPSS isnothing but a job aid where computerised tools and displays thatautomate training, documentation, and phone support; which isfaster, cheaper & more effective than traditional methods totrain the employee. Distance & Internet Based Training:In this technique, Teletraining, Internet based training processBusiness Portals etc methods are used to make the employee toincrease his knowledge by using visual & conferencing system. Thebest side of this type of training program is the employee can learn attheir own pace, whenever they want.