Professor Bernard Hibbitts<br />University of Pittsburgh School of Law | Fall 2010<br />Lawyering: A History<br />
Medieval Canon Lawyers<br />
Rome and the rise of Christianity<br />
Persecution<br />
The need for rules (“canons”)<br />
Early collections of canons<br />
The Didache (c. 50)<br />
The Pastor (Hermas, c. 140)<br />
	Let the bishop be ordained after he has been chosen by all the people. When he has been named and shall please all, let h...
Constantine <br />
The Edict of Milan<br />
Theodosius <br />
Extending the reach of church law<br />
Roman lawyers in the early church<br />
Tertullian<br />
Jerome<br />
The church after the “fall” of Rome<br />
Roman lawyers fade away<br />
Roman lawyers fade away<br />
More canons<br />
The CollectioDionysiana(c. 500)<br />
The DionysioHadriana(c. 800)<br />
The Decretum (Burchard, c. 1020)<br />
The twelfth-century renaissance<br />
Justinian rediscovered<br />
Ivo of Chartres<br />
Gratian<br />
Concordia discordantiumcanonum<br />
	The human race is ruled by two things, namely, natural law and usages. Natural law is what is contained in the Law and Go...
Glossing Gratian<br />
Papal decretals<br />
Libersextusdecretalium(Boniface VIII)<br />
Canon law teaching at Bologna<br />
Canon lawyers in the church courts<br />
The popes overwhelmed<br />
The church legalized<br />
A law unto itself<br />
Canon lawyers versus the ordeal<br />
Canon lawyers versus the state<br />
Murder in the cathedral<br />
A typology of canon lawyers<br />Advocates<br />Proctors<br />Iurisperiti<br />Notaries<br />
Canon law schools<br />
Teachers and students<br />
The disputation<br />
Ethics and oaths<br />
	We decree that each and every advocate who practices in the church courts either at the Apostolic See or elsewhere shall ...
Guilds and identity<br />
Canon law courts<br />
The rotaromana<br />
Advocates at work<br />
Canon lawyers critiqued<br />
Dante<br />
Gratian in Paradise<br />
Luther<br />
How did the toleration - and eventual authorization – of Christianity in the late Roman Empire affect the development of e...
Tomorrow… Medieval civil lawyers!<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

LH 6 | Medieval Canon Lawyers

567 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
567
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

LH 6 | Medieval Canon Lawyers

  1. 1. Professor Bernard Hibbitts<br />University of Pittsburgh School of Law | Fall 2010<br />Lawyering: A History<br />
  2. 2. Medieval Canon Lawyers<br />
  3. 3. Rome and the rise of Christianity<br />
  4. 4. Persecution<br />
  5. 5. The need for rules (“canons”)<br />
  6. 6. Early collections of canons<br />
  7. 7. The Didache (c. 50)<br />
  8. 8. The Pastor (Hermas, c. 140)<br />
  9. 9. Let the bishop be ordained after he has been chosen by all the people. When he has been named and shall please all, let him, with the presbytery and such bishops as may be present, assemble with the people on a Sunday. While all give their consent, the bishops shall lay their hands upon him, and the presbytery shall stand by in silence. All indeed shall keep silent, praying in their heart for the descent of the Spirit. <br />The TraditioApostolica(Hippolytus, c. 220)<br />
  10. 10. Constantine <br />
  11. 11. The Edict of Milan<br />
  12. 12. Theodosius <br />
  13. 13. Extending the reach of church law<br />
  14. 14. Roman lawyers in the early church<br />
  15. 15. Tertullian<br />
  16. 16. Jerome<br />
  17. 17. The church after the “fall” of Rome<br />
  18. 18. Roman lawyers fade away<br />
  19. 19. Roman lawyers fade away<br />
  20. 20. More canons<br />
  21. 21. The CollectioDionysiana(c. 500)<br />
  22. 22. The DionysioHadriana(c. 800)<br />
  23. 23. The Decretum (Burchard, c. 1020)<br />
  24. 24. The twelfth-century renaissance<br />
  25. 25. Justinian rediscovered<br />
  26. 26. Ivo of Chartres<br />
  27. 27. Gratian<br />
  28. 28. Concordia discordantiumcanonum<br />
  29. 29. The human race is ruled by two things, namely, natural law and usages. Natural law is what is contained in the Law and Gospel. By it, each person is commanded to do to others what he wants done to himself and prohibited from inflicting on others what he does not want done to himself. So Christ said in the Gospel: 'Whatever you want men to do to you, do so to them. This indeed is the law and the Prophets."<br />
  30. 30. Glossing Gratian<br />
  31. 31. Papal decretals<br />
  32. 32. Libersextusdecretalium(Boniface VIII)<br />
  33. 33. Canon law teaching at Bologna<br />
  34. 34. Canon lawyers in the church courts<br />
  35. 35. The popes overwhelmed<br />
  36. 36. The church legalized<br />
  37. 37. A law unto itself<br />
  38. 38. Canon lawyers versus the ordeal<br />
  39. 39. Canon lawyers versus the state<br />
  40. 40. Murder in the cathedral<br />
  41. 41. A typology of canon lawyers<br />Advocates<br />Proctors<br />Iurisperiti<br />Notaries<br />
  42. 42. Canon law schools<br />
  43. 43. Teachers and students<br />
  44. 44. The disputation<br />
  45. 45. Ethics and oaths<br />
  46. 46. We decree that each and every advocate who practices in the church courts either at the Apostolic See or elsewhere shall take an oath on the holy gospels that in all the ecclesiastical cases and others for which they assume or will assume the function of advocate in those courts they will use all their strength and resources to secure for their clients what they consider right and just, sparing no effort that they can muster for that purpose. Should they discover at any point in the proceedings, moreover, that the case they had accepted in good faith is unjust, they will no longer participate in it.<br />Properandum(1274)<br />
  47. 47. Guilds and identity<br />
  48. 48. Canon law courts<br />
  49. 49. The rotaromana<br />
  50. 50.
  51. 51. Advocates at work<br />
  52. 52. Canon lawyers critiqued<br />
  53. 53. Dante<br />
  54. 54. Gratian in Paradise<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56.
  57. 57. Luther<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59. How did the toleration - and eventual authorization – of Christianity in the late Roman Empire affect the development of early canon law?<br />How did the rediscovery of Justinian’s Digest energize canon law and canon lawyering? <br />How were medieval canon lawyers trained?<br />Why were canon lawyers especially popular targets for lay criticism?<br />Did the canon lawyers ultimately harm the church more than they helped it?<br />Review questions<br />
  60. 60. Tomorrow… Medieval civil lawyers!<br />
  61. 61. Medieval Canon Lawyers<br />
  62. 62. Professor Bernard Hibbitts<br />University of Pittsburgh School of Law | Fall 2010<br />Lawyering: A History<br />

×