Chernobyl Disaster


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Chernobyl Disaster

  1. 1. Chernobyl is located on the borderChernobyl is located on the border area between Ukraine andarea between Ukraine and Belarus.Belarus.
  2. 2. In the early morning hours ofIn the early morning hours of 26 April 1986, a testing error26 April 1986, a testing error caused an explosion at thecaused an explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear powerChernobyl nuclear power station.station.
  3. 3. Children went to school andChildren went to school and played outside.played outside. Gardeners worked onGardeners worked on their plots outdoors.their plots outdoors.
  4. 4. Only on the second day after theOnly on the second day after the disaster (after 36 hours) did thedisaster (after 36 hours) did the Soviet authorities startSoviet authorities start evacuating people from the areaevacuating people from the area around Chernobyl.around Chernobyl.
  5. 5. The explosion released 190 tonsThe explosion released 190 tons of radioactive gases into theof radioactive gases into the atmosphere.atmosphere.
  6. 6. Radioactive fallout scatteredRadioactive fallout scattered over much of the northernover much of the northern hemisphere via wind andhemisphere via wind and storm patterns.storm patterns.
  7. 7. 70% of the radioactive material70% of the radioactive material was blown into the neighboringwas blown into the neighboring country of of Belarus.
  8. 8. In all 150,000 square kilometresIn all 150,000 square kilometres in Belarus, Russia and Ukrainein Belarus, Russia and Ukraine were contaminated.were contaminated.
  9. 9. 7 million people living in these7 million people living in these areas were exposed to theareas were exposed to the radiation fallout.radiation fallout.
  10. 10. Diseases caused by radiationDiseases caused by radiation included:included: - lung cancer,- lung cancer, - leukemia,leukemia, - cardiovascular disease.cardiovascular disease.
  11. 11. Areas still impacted today:- - soil - water - air - crops and food - livestock
  12. 12. After the disaster, a huge cementAfter the disaster, a huge cement box (sarcophagus) was hastilybox (sarcophagus) was hastily built around the radioactivebuilt around the radioactive material.material.
  13. 13. 97% of the radioactive materials from the Chernobyl plant still remains inside this sarcophagus.
  14. 14. It is hoped to safely contain theIt is hoped to safely contain the nuclear material for the next 100nuclear material for the next 100 years.years.
  15. 15. Today 5.5 million people still liveToday 5.5 million people still live in contaminated contaminated areas.
  16. 16.  It is carried out by Phytotech, a phytoremediation company in Monmouth Junction.  Rafts with sunflowers growing on them float on a small pond at the Chernobyl nuclear accident site in the Ukraine.  This sunflower project is one of many international efforts at phytoremediation