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An introduction to civil engineering


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An introduction to civil engineering

  2. 2. <ul><li>Engineering is a term applied to the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied to the efficient use of the materials and forces of nature.
  3. 3. Engineering problems are under-defined, there are many solutions, good, bad and indifferent. The art is to arrive at a good solution. This is a creative activity, involving imagination, intuition and deliberate choice. - Ove Arup</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Civil Engineering is a branch of engineering that encompasses the conception, design, construction, and management of residential and commercial buildings and structures, water supply facilities, and transportation systems for goods and people, as well as control of the environment for the maintenance and improvement of the quality of life.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Civil engineering includes planning and design professionals in both the public and private sectors, contractors, builders, educators and researchers.
  4. 4. Civil engineering refers to the practice of organizing the design and construction of any artifice which transforms the physical world around us to meet some recognized need.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Engineers … are not superhuman. They make mistakes in their assumptions, in their calculations, in their conclusions. That they make mistakes is forgivable; that they catch them is imperative. Thus it is the essence of modern engineering not only to be able to check one’s own work but also to have one’s work checked and to be able to check the work of others. - Henry Petroski</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Civil engineers design things. These might be roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, or water supply and sewage systems. They must consider many factors in their designs, from the costs to making sure the structure will stay intact during bad weather. This is one of the oldest types of engineering</li></li></ul><li>websites:<br /><br />2)<br />3)<br />4)<br />5)<br />6)<br />7) engineering/<br />8)<br />9)<br />10)<br />11)<br />12)<br />13) <br />14)<br />15)<br />
  5. 5. PRESENTED BY:<br />