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EDIBLE OILS AND THEIR QUALITY
ASPECTS
Bhagya Vijayan
PALB: 3120
GLANCE AT WORLD & INDIAN
SCENARIOS
WORLD PRODUCTION:
 250 mt per annum
Indian production :
25 mt per annum
Productivity:955kg/ha
area:
27mha
EDIBLE OIL SEED CROPS OF INDIA
MAJOR
GROUNDNUT
SOYBEAN
RAPESEED/MUSTARD
SESAME
NIGER
MINOR
SUNFLOWER
SAFFLOWER
COCONUT
85%
EDIBLENONCONVENTIONAL
1. RICE BRAN OIL
2. PALM OIL
3. OLIVE OIL
 Major non edible oil seeds
1. CASTOR
2. LINSEED
NONCONVENTIONAL NONEDIBLE
OILCROP :COTTON SEED OIL
GLOBAL RANKING IN PRODUCTION
1ST
• SESAME
• SAFFLOWER
• NIGER
• CASTOR
2ND
• GROUNDNUT
• RAPESEED AND MUSTARD
3RD
• LINSEED
4TH
• SOYBEAN
• SUNFLOWER
QUALITY ASPECTS
ACTS AND REGULATIONS
1. Vegetable oils Grading and Marking Rules,1955
2. Solvent Extracted Oil ,Deoiled Meal & Edible Flour
(Control ) Order,1967
3. Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation )Order,1998
4. Food Safety and Standards Act,2006
POLY UNSATURATED FATTY ACID
MONO UNSATURATED
FATTY ACID
SATURATED
FATTY ACID
TRANS FATS
Order of
importance
PROCEDURE FOLLOWED
GENERALASPECTS
Use good quality oilseed
• Free from adulterants, sediments, suspended and
other foreign matter
• Oils shall be free from admixture with other oils
Oils shall not contain aflatoxin, more than 30µg/kg
• Metal contaminants and pesticide residues shall
not exceed the tolerance limits
• Only permitted antioxidants and antioxidant
synergists
Oil extraction following HACCP , Codex and ISI
standards,Sampling followed by ISI certification
Packing :Containers made of plastic
materials shall be as per IS 10142 or IS
10146 or IS 10151 or IS 10910 or IS
11434 or IS 11704 or IS 12247 or IS
12252 or IS 13601 or IS 13576.
Containers made of tin shall be as per IS
10325 or IS 10339
Marking: a) the name, trade
name, type and grade of the oil; b)
the name and business particulars of
the manufacturer; c) the net quantity
of the contents in the container; d)
the batch number, month and year of
manufacture,expiry; e)Nutritional
information
Eco mark -
optional
LIMITS OF TOXIC METALS
Metal residue Limit
1. Lead (mg/kg)max 0.5
2. Arsenic (mg/kg)max 0.5
3. Cadmium (mg/kg)max 1.0
4. Mercury (mg/kg)max 0.25
TESTS THAT ARE PERFORMED ON
EDIBLE OILS
• Acid Value
• Aldehyde Profiles
• Aliphatic Alcohols
• Dioxin
• Fatty Acid
• Fragrance Profiles
• Hexane Residues
• Hydrocarbon Profile
• Iodine value
• Moisture and volatiles
• Mercury content
• Polar compounds
• Smoke point
• Solid fat content
Sl.no Quality parameters REQUIREMENT
1. Smoke point HIGH
2. Flash point > 37.8 °C or 60.5°C
3. Saponification value 180-195
4. Iodine value HIGH
5. Acid value < 6
6. Refractive index @ 40 ◦C 1.44-1.48
7. Hexane (ppm) ≤ 5
SOYBEAN OIL
GROUNDNUT
SESAME
SUNFLOWER
SAFFLOWER
edible oils and their quality aspects

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edible oils and their quality aspects

  • 1. EDIBLE OILS AND THEIR QUALITY ASPECTS Bhagya Vijayan PALB: 3120
  • 2. GLANCE AT WORLD & INDIAN SCENARIOS WORLD PRODUCTION:  250 mt per annum Indian production : 25 mt per annum Productivity:955kg/ha area: 27mha
  • 3. EDIBLE OIL SEED CROPS OF INDIA MAJOR GROUNDNUT SOYBEAN RAPESEED/MUSTARD SESAME NIGER MINOR SUNFLOWER SAFFLOWER COCONUT 85% EDIBLENONCONVENTIONAL 1. RICE BRAN OIL 2. PALM OIL 3. OLIVE OIL  Major non edible oil seeds 1. CASTOR 2. LINSEED NONCONVENTIONAL NONEDIBLE OILCROP :COTTON SEED OIL
  • 4. GLOBAL RANKING IN PRODUCTION 1ST • SESAME • SAFFLOWER • NIGER • CASTOR 2ND • GROUNDNUT • RAPESEED AND MUSTARD 3RD • LINSEED 4TH • SOYBEAN • SUNFLOWER
  • 6. ACTS AND REGULATIONS 1. Vegetable oils Grading and Marking Rules,1955 2. Solvent Extracted Oil ,Deoiled Meal & Edible Flour (Control ) Order,1967 3. Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation )Order,1998 4. Food Safety and Standards Act,2006
  • 7. POLY UNSATURATED FATTY ACID MONO UNSATURATED FATTY ACID SATURATED FATTY ACID TRANS FATS Order of importance
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  • 11. GENERALASPECTS Use good quality oilseed • Free from adulterants, sediments, suspended and other foreign matter • Oils shall be free from admixture with other oils Oils shall not contain aflatoxin, more than 30µg/kg • Metal contaminants and pesticide residues shall not exceed the tolerance limits • Only permitted antioxidants and antioxidant synergists Oil extraction following HACCP , Codex and ISI standards,Sampling followed by ISI certification
  • 12. Packing :Containers made of plastic materials shall be as per IS 10142 or IS 10146 or IS 10151 or IS 10910 or IS 11434 or IS 11704 or IS 12247 or IS 12252 or IS 13601 or IS 13576. Containers made of tin shall be as per IS 10325 or IS 10339 Marking: a) the name, trade name, type and grade of the oil; b) the name and business particulars of the manufacturer; c) the net quantity of the contents in the container; d) the batch number, month and year of manufacture,expiry; e)Nutritional information Eco mark - optional
  • 13. LIMITS OF TOXIC METALS Metal residue Limit 1. Lead (mg/kg)max 0.5 2. Arsenic (mg/kg)max 0.5 3. Cadmium (mg/kg)max 1.0 4. Mercury (mg/kg)max 0.25
  • 14. TESTS THAT ARE PERFORMED ON EDIBLE OILS • Acid Value • Aldehyde Profiles • Aliphatic Alcohols • Dioxin • Fatty Acid • Fragrance Profiles • Hexane Residues • Hydrocarbon Profile • Iodine value • Moisture and volatiles • Mercury content • Polar compounds • Smoke point • Solid fat content
  • 15. Sl.no Quality parameters REQUIREMENT 1. Smoke point HIGH 2. Flash point > 37.8 °C or 60.5°C 3. Saponification value 180-195 4. Iodine value HIGH 5. Acid value < 6 6. Refractive index @ 40 ◦C 1.44-1.48 7. Hexane (ppm) ≤ 5