Second Language Acquisition

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  • Hello Bhagibhai,
    I like ur presentation U give nice presentation on second language Acquisition with nice examples of Positive Transfer' and 'Negative Transfer' .It make more effective to ur presentation
    nice try...
    Very good...
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  • Hello Bhagirathbhai!
    You have presented the SLA point very well. Moreover, the examples of “Positive Transfer' and 'Negative Transfer' had become stronger your presentation because you had presented very well and honestly speaking it helped me a lot in my exam.
    Thank You . . . .
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  • Hello Bhagirath bhai,
    you present your topic in a very good way. And you gave very appropriate example of Positive Transfer and Negative Transfer.
    Good one.....
    Best wishes....
    Thank you....
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Second Language Acquisition

  1. 1. Second Language Acquisition Prepared By Bhagirath Khuman Paper ELT 1 (EC-304) Roll no 08 Class M. A. Sem-1 Year 2011-12 10/13/2011 1
  2. 2. <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition in (a) naturalistic context </li></ul><ul><li> (b) classroom setting </li></ul><ul><li>Product oriented research and process oriented research </li></ul>10/13/2011 2
  3. 3. <ul><li>Contrastive Analysis (CA) Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Positive Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I play cricket. (Gujarati) </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Negative Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Example: I cricket play . (Gujarati) </li></ul><ul><li> Apple rotten (Spanish) </li></ul>Background 10/13/2011 3
  4. 4. Background <ul><li>Error Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Errors can’t be predicted (contrary to the CA hypothesis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Errors that are made are systematic not random </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners move through a series of stage and each stage known as interim language or interlanguage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. : (1) I is (primary level) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) She do (intermediate level) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) The student which is sitting in the corner (advance level) </li></ul></ul>4 10/13/2011
  5. 5. <ul><li>L2 acquisition equals L1 acquisition (Dulay and Burt) </li></ul><ul><li>Example - </li></ul><ul><li>CA: </li></ul><ul><li>Wants Miss Jones. (He wants Miss Jones) Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>L2=L1: </li></ul><ul><li>Jose want Miss Jones. (generalization) </li></ul>Product Oriented Research 10/13/2011 5
  6. 6. Product Oriented Research <ul><li>The disparity (difference) between instruction and acquisition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar (‘s) and speech processing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teachability Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present and past – Present Perfect and past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future - Modal </li></ul></ul>10/13/2011 6
  7. 7. Product Oriented Research <ul><li>Conscious Learning and Subconscious Acquisition (Stephen Krashen) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensible Input Hypothesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : Message containing If I find…I will </li></ul></ul>10/13/2011 7
  8. 8. Process Oriented Research <ul><li>Modified Interaction (influenced by Krashen and advanced by Long) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linguistic/conversational adjustment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensible input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul></ul>10/13/2011 8
  9. 9. Presentation Submitted to- Department of English, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar. (Gujarat, India) 10/13/2011 9

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