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Growth of a Young Nation

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  1. 1. GROWTH OF A YOUNG NATION 1800-1850’s
  2. 2. Thomas Jefferson-3rd President (1800-1808) <ul><li>Jeffersonian Democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple government controlled by the people </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Marbury vs. Madison 1803 <ul><li>establishes Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts can declare a law or an action unconstitutional </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 1803 – Louisiana Purchase <ul><li>US paid France $15 million dollars </li></ul><ul><li>doubled size of the country </li></ul><ul><li>actually started westward movement </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sent Lewis and Clark to explore and map new territory
  6. 6. Sacajawea, guide for Lewis and Clark
  7. 7. James Madison - 4th president (1808-1816)
  8. 8. War of 1812 <ul><li>Against England </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impressment, forcing U.S. sailors to serve in British navy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. successful at sea but were a failure on land </li></ul>
  9. 9. British capture Washington, D.C. and burn public buildings
  10. 10. Gave proof through the night, That our flag was still there.. Francis Scott Key writes “The Star Spangled Banner” poem Becomes the National Anthem in 1931
  11. 11. 1814-Battle of New Orleans <ul><li>Only U.S. victory on land </li></ul><ul><li>Army led by Andrew Jackson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unnecessary battle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War ended 3 weeks earlier </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Treaty of Ghent <ul><li>Ends War of 1812 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maintains status quo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>two major results of the war: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>encouraged American industrialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>confirmed U.S. as a free and independent country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>known as the official end of American Revolution </li></ul>
  13. 13. James Monroe-5th President (1816-1824)
  14. 14. Known for establishing security & expansion for nation <ul><li>Convention of 1818 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S.-Canadian border-49 th parallel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England-U.S. occupy Oregon Territory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adams-Onis Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>obtained Florida from Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>established western border between US and Spanish territory </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Monroe Doctrine-1820 <ul><ul><li>warned European nations to stay out of western hemisphere affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no further colonization </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Andrew Jackson-6th President (1828-1836) <ul><li>Jacksonian Democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>average citizen participates in government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ spoils system” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>appointing people to government positions on basis of Party loyalty </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Indian Removal Act-1830 <ul><li>Relocated Native Americans west of the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Trail of Tears </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cherokee forced to leave Georgia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4,000 died on 116 day trip, Arkansas-Oklahoma, in freezing weather </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Manifest Destiny - Belief that America was to own all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
  19. 19. Americans move west to California and Oregon
  20. 20. Republic of Texas-1836 <ul><li>achieved independence in 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>refused statehood due to being a slave territory </li></ul><ul><li>England showed interest in colonizing Texas </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. admitted Texas as the 28th State-1845 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Battle of the Alamo
  22. 23. War with Mexico-1846 <ul><li>Annexation of Texas one of the causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lasted one year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. wins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gave U.S. land from Texas to California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. California Gold Rush - 1849 Gold discovered near Sacramento, Sutter’s Mill. 80,000 people from around the world went to Calif. By 1850 it became a State
  24. 25. Market Revolution (1820-1850) <ul><li>Beginning of the Industrial Revolution in U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new inventions fueled economic growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>changed from hand-made goods (in homes) to machine-made goods (in Factories) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free Enterprise system begins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>private business free to operate for profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entrepreneurs invest money in new industries </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Inventions <ul><li>1793 - Eli Whitney </li></ul><ul><ul><li>invents the cotton gin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>separated cotton seeds from the fiber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increased need for more slaves to feed cotton gin </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. 1837-Samuel Morse invents the telegraph <ul><li>morse code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>series of dots/dashes that make up letters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1854-23,000 miles of wire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected people of different regions of the country </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. 1807-steam engine-Robert Fulton <ul><li>steam powered transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>faster trips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cheaper rates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1830 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>over 200 steamboats traveling along the rivers </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Women Reforms <ul><li>played key role in abolitionist movement and temperance movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>won some improvements in education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1848-Seneca Falls Convention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>called for equal rights/suffrage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sojourner Truth (Isabella Baumfree) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>former slave, powerful speaker </li></ul></ul></ul>