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Breeding for Rust Resistance
at the University of Minnesota
	

Jim Anderson
Dept. of Agronomy & Plant Genetics
University ...
U.S. Wheat Production Regions
HRS
SWW
HRW SRW
Wheat Breeding Priorities
Agronomic Characteristics
1. Yield 4. Shattering
2. Lodging resistance 5. Kernel color
3. Test W...
University of Minnesota
Wheat Breeding Timeline
Year Generation No. (Loc.)
1 Crossing/F1 300
F2 (300 x 1000) 300,000
2 F3 ...
Use of Markers
1. Parental Characterization
2. Enrichment of BC1F1’s and 3-way crosses
3. Screen all F6’s (~1,000 lines) w...
High Priority Genes
Fusarium Head Blight (2 genes)
High Molecular Weight Glutenins (2–3 genes)
Stem Rust (esp. Ug99–effect...
Crossing Parent Marker Database
Leaf Rust Mapping/Crossing Targets
• “Durable” resistance with combinations of
Lr13 + Lr16 + Lr23 + Lr34
• Ulen/Thatcher
•...
Backcrossing Ug99-Effective Genes
•  Preliminary yield trials of “NIL” lines in 2013
•  Funded by MN AES Rapid Response Pr...
“Forward” Breeding Ug99-Effective
Genes (F4 Headrows in 2013)
“Forward” Breeding Ug99-Effective
Genes (F4 Headrows in 2013)
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Breeding for Rust Resistance and the University of Minnesota

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Jim Anderson, Jim Kolmer, Matt Rouse, Yue Jin

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Breeding for Rust Resistance and the University of Minnesota

  1. 1. Breeding for Rust Resistance at the University of Minnesota Jim Anderson Dept. of Agronomy & Plant Genetics University of Minnesota St. Paul, MN Jim Kolmer, Matt Rouse, Yue Jin USDA-ARS St. Paul, MN
  2. 2. U.S. Wheat Production Regions HRS SWW HRW SRW
  3. 3. Wheat Breeding Priorities Agronomic Characteristics 1. Yield 4. Shattering 2. Lodging resistance 5. Kernel color 3. Test Weight 6. Pre-harvest sprouting resistance Diseases 1. Fusarium head blight (scab) 4. Bacterial Leaf Streak 2. Leaf Rust 5. Leaf Spotting (Tan Spot, Septoria’s) 3. Stem Rust 6. Stripe Rust 7. Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus Bread-Making Quality Characteristics 1. % protein 4. Flour Water Absorption 2. Mixing Properties 5. Kernel Hardness 3. Loaf Volume 6. Milling Yield 7. Percent Flour Ash
  4. 4. University of Minnesota Wheat Breeding Timeline Year Generation No. (Loc.) 1 Crossing/F1 300 F2 (300 x 1000) 300,000 2 F3 Winter Nursery 30,000 F4 Headrows 24,000 (2) 3 F5 Scab 2,400 (2) 4 Winter Nursery 1,000 Prelim. yield trial 550 (2-3) 5-6 Adv. yield trial 170 (8-10) 7-9 MN Variety trial 10 (12) Lr, Sr FHB Quality Prot/TWT/Mixo + flour color + bread bake Same as AYs
  5. 5. Use of Markers 1. Parental Characterization 2. Enrichment of BC1F1’s and 3-way crosses 3. Screen all F6’s (~1,000 lines) with 12 markers RR Rr rrx rrx Rr rror RR Rr rrx RRx RR Rror
  6. 6. High Priority Genes Fusarium Head Blight (2 genes) High Molecular Weight Glutenins (2–3 genes) Stem Rust (esp. Ug99–effective genes) Leaf Rust (Lr34) Waxy Grain Protein (GPC–6B) Tan spot (Tsn1) Reduced height (Rht1 and Rht2)
  7. 7. Crossing Parent Marker Database
  8. 8. Leaf Rust Mapping/Crossing Targets • “Durable” resistance with combinations of Lr13 + Lr16 + Lr23 + Lr34 • Ulen/Thatcher • AC Taber/Thatcher • RB07/Faller • both have defeated gene Lr21, but RB07 less receptive as adult plant • Introgressing: • Lr52, Americano 44d (Uruguayan landrace)
  9. 9. Backcrossing Ug99-Effective Genes •  Preliminary yield trials of “NIL” lines in 2013 •  Funded by MN AES Rapid Response Project
  10. 10. “Forward” Breeding Ug99-Effective Genes (F4 Headrows in 2013)
  11. 11. “Forward” Breeding Ug99-Effective Genes (F4 Headrows in 2013)

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