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Public-Private Partnership to Advance the Goals of BGRI

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Usha Barwale Zehr

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Public-Private Partnership to Advance the Goals of BGRI

  1. 1. Public- Private Partnership to Advance the goals of BGRI Usha Barwale Zehr August 20, 2013
  2. 2. Last Visit in 2005
  3. 3. Then and Now •  Appox 400 million population •  Hunger and starvation •  No food reserves - Imports •  Productivity challenges •  Serious commitment of the politicians to change this •  Private sector just beginning •  Approx. 1.12 b population •  Significant prevalence of poverty and malnutrition •  Bumper production in the last few years •  Grainaries over flowing with grain •  Distribution challenges •  100s of companies operating across the country
  4. 4. BGRI •  systematically reducing the world’s vulnerability to stem, yellow, and leaf rusts of wheat •  advocating/facilitating the evolution of a sustainable international system to contain the threat of wheat rusts •  continue the enhancements in productivity required to withstand future global threats to wheat
  5. 5. Cereal Price Indices for India, Three Year Averages 100   110   120   130   140   150   160  
  6. 6. “Take it to the farmer” •  What does the farmer want; –  Higher yields •  Disease resistance •  Germplasm/Genetics •  Traits –  Higher market price •  Grain quality –  Lowers costs •  Fertilizer •  Pesticide •  Irrigation
  7. 7. “Take it to the farmer” •  What do we have –  Better germplasm, modern breeding tools –  Hybrids –  GM •  Our challenges –  Climate change –  Water –  Inputs in general
  8. 8. “Take it to the farmer” •  What does the processing industry want –  Price –  Quality –  Market
  9. 9. Seed cycle Germplasm Breeding Product (HYV, F1, GM)Production QA Processing Market/Farmer
  10. 10. A more recent partnership example Bt brinjal
  11. 11. •  Most popular vegetable in India after potato •  Meaty texture, nutritious, staple in vegetarian diets •  25 calories per serving, with no fat! Brinjal or eggplant Common Vegetable
  12. 12. Major concern for brinjal cultivation: damage caused by insect pests Shoot damage Fruit  damage  
  13. 13. IIVR Varanasi IIVR Varanasi
  14. 14. Current status •  Cleared all the studies •  Approved for safety •  Awaiting commercial clearance from Ministry
  15. 15. Wheat •  Research related –  Rust resistance breeding (conventional and biotech), also surveillance –  High throughput molecular breeding platforms –  GM traits (NUE, PUE, Water use, herbicide tolerance……) –  Quality •  Process or market related –  Production –  QA –  Marketing and extension
  16. 16. Before  Roundup  Spray   10  Days  A9er  Spray   Before  &  A1er  Roundup  Spray   5  Days  A9er  Spray   15  Days  A9er  Spray  
  17. 17. NUE Null NUE NUE NUE Rice GH Efficacy K-12
  18. 18. Null NUE NUENUE Ø Null plants have less tillers Compared to NUE plants Ø Border effect is apparent showing more tillers in border rows
  19. 19. Seed requirement for the current seed replacement rate States Acreage (m ha) existing SRR (Qty. m t) Uttar Pradesh 9.52 0.32 Madhya Pradesh 3.79 0.07 Punjab 3.53 0.10 Haryana 2.46 0.07 Rajasthan 2.29 0.08 Bihar 2.16 0.05 Gujarat 1.09 0.03 All India 27.75 0.77 One truck = 9 to 15 tons
  20. 20. Key ingredients for successful partnership •  Desire to bring about a paradigm shift in annual growth rates •  Common goal, research is only the beginning!! •  Adoption of resistant varieties •  Total support at the highest levels •  Comparative advantages leveraged rather than competition •  Ownership of intellectual property •  Alignment of policies to allow transfer of knowledge, materials and value
  21. 21. Partnership is essential
  22. 22. Thank You

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