Davis Presentation


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Presentation of FACT Rwanda's work.

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Davis Presentation

  1. 2. <ul><li>HP as Human Rights advocate. </li></ul><ul><li>What is advocacy? And types of advocacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Role of health professionals in Protecting and promoting human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of human rights advocacy involving health workers from across the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Address key challenges facing health workers as they engage with human rights </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  2. 3. <ul><li>Health as defined by WHO is a </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;State of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” </li></ul><ul><li>Health professional(HP) defined as “individuals accredited by a professional body upon completing a course of study, and usually licensed by a government agency, to practice a health related profession such as dentistry, medicine, nursing, occupational health, physical therapy”. </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  3. 4. <ul><li>Advocacy means speaking up for your rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy is a way of making sure that important messages are heard. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy can be done different ways and by different people. </li></ul><ul><li>All people in society should speak up for their rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy can take place at community, national and international levels. </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  4. 5. <ul><li>Self advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Legal advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>1 to 1 Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens advocacy(volunteer) </li></ul><ul><li>Peer advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Collective advocacy (campaigns) </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis advocacy(emergency response) </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  5. 6. <ul><li>HPs work within ethical codes that provide a statement of shared values and acknowledge their duties. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical codes set moral standard in which they all comply. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical standards are established at International and national levels(at times incorporated in domestic laws). </li></ul><ul><li>Standards focus on their obligation to serve without discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental duty is to act in interest of patient regardless: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constraints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or contractual obligation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HPs are judged guilty of misconduct if they deviate from professional standards. </li></ul><ul><li>HP have great stake in Universal Declaration of Human Rights . </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  6. 7. <ul><li>According UN, human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. </li></ul><ul><li>We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. </li></ul><ul><li>Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law. </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights entail both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights and Health concerns share the common goals of alleviating suffering and promoting the conditions for health and well-being of all people. </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  7. 8. <ul><li>Health Professional have to advocate for these basic rights....... </li></ul><ul><li>Right to a place to live </li></ul><ul><li>Right to food and drink </li></ul><ul><li>Right to health care </li></ul><ul><li>Right to education </li></ul><ul><li>Right to be treated equally </li></ul><ul><li>Right to work </li></ul><ul><li>Right to be safe from violence </li></ul><ul><li>Right to make choice </li></ul><ul><li>Right to freedom of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Right to dignity </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  8. 9. <ul><li>Human rights : </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the dignity and integrity of the human being; </li></ul><ul><li>Are guaranteed by international standards; </li></ul><ul><li>Are legally protected and define legal obligations; </li></ul><ul><li>Protect individuals and groups; </li></ul><ul><li>Apply to all individuals on the basis of equality and non-discrimination; </li></ul><ul><li>Place obligations on states and state actors; </li></ul><ul><li>Specify individual entitlements; </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be arbitrarily waived or taken away; </li></ul><ul><li>Are universal, interdependent, indivisible and interrelated; and can and should be claimed. </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  9. 10. <ul><li>Health workers have a key role to play in affirming the universality of human rights and in promoting respect for them. </li></ul><ul><li>By affirming and supporting human rights, practitioners in all fields of health enhance the ethics of their profession and advance their commitment to health. </li></ul><ul><li>HP provide HR protection by fulfilling their ethical obligation{WMA Tokyo declaration1975}. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance respecting the Hippocratic values “doctors make a promise to take health of their clients a primary considerations”. </li></ul><ul><li>HPs use their professional bodies to review HRs situation in their countries and speak out against HR Violations. </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  10. 11. <ul><li>Refrain from using medical knowledge and skill that contravenes international statement on individual rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Not participating actively or passively in acts of human right violations like torture. </li></ul><ul><li>HPs promotes HR by ensuring no evidence is concealed. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-discriminatory: discriminatory practices threaten physical and mental health and deny people access to care altogether, deny people appropriate therapies, or relegate them to inferior care. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy reforms: HP participation in policy making is vital HRs protection and promotion </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  11. 12. <ul><li>Medical Independence : professional show allegiance to the needs of the patient than the state(conflict of interest on duties). </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against Indiscriminate harm from Weapons of mass destruction ( nuclear weapon) </li></ul><ul><li>HP respect human dignity : an essential element of health and well-being of all people. Failure to respect dignity has led stigmatization of HIV/AIDS patient like denial of access to appropriate treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Participating in ethical Research Practices : Conventional practices in biomedical and behavioral research all too often violate human rights. HP refraining from Unethical research method like non consent procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>HP should promote adequate standards of education , which include human rights concerns, because these standards promote health and dignity of all members of the human family. </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality as a fundamental obligation to patients and to disclose information only with the patient's consent. </li></ul><ul><li>Publication ( medical journals and conferences) </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  12. 13. <ul><li>Engage governments and CSO to act on particular action. </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign for positive change through public debates, political forums and demonstrations. </li></ul><ul><li>HPs participate in commemorations </li></ul><ul><li>Health professional are decision makers and active in politics. </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  13. 14. <ul><li>Fight against torture and organised violence. </li></ul><ul><li>(WMA,IRCT,HPB,CVT,OMCT,NGOs). </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against HIV/AIDS- spread ( UNAIDS, TASO,CNLS) </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian response in Emergency situation conflict zones (MSF,MDM,HRW,PHR) </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of Sexual and Gender Based Violence(IRC,ARC </li></ul><ul><li>HRs Education: AI, PHR,FACT, UN etc </li></ul><ul><li>Forensic Investigations(PHR) </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Publication(BMA,WMA,WHO) </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty eradication (MSF,CARE,WFP) </li></ul>Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  14. 15. Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  15. 16. Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)
  16. 17. Health Professional student (Uganda,Kenya,Rwanda and Burundi)