ASIAN AMERICANS IN UTAH:A LIVING HISTORY Compiled by: John H. Yang Authors: Pema Chagzoetsang & Howard Berkes
TABLE OF CONTENTS Tibetan History The Dalai Lama Specific People from Tibet in Utah Pema Chagzoetsang Tenzin Wangdu Samdup Phodang Tsering Dhondup Tsewang Ngodup Applications
TIBETAN HISTORY 1949 China claimed Tibet 10 years of protests by Tibetans The Dalai Lama negotiated peaceful autonomy with China March 10th 1959 in Lhasa the biggest demonstration against the Chinese 80,000 people died Dalai Lama fled into exile 1.5 million Tibetans have died under the Chinese rule 1990 U.S authorized 1000 visas for Tibetans $2,000 per family member. Including at least 2 years of paper work.
THE DALAI LAMA Means ‘ocean of wisdom’. Lama (holy man) Won the Nobel Peace Prize in December 1992 The political and spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists Tenzin Gyatso is believed to be the 14 reincarnated version of “His Holiness” Pema Chagzoetsang explains: “His Holiness is the manifestation of universal compassion. He is a powerful force, even in exile, keeping Tibetans united, motivated and tolerant. He preaches an practices peaceful resistance to a violent invader. He encourages us to be open-minded and progressive, to learn from the modern world. He counsels us not to hate our enemies. And he inspires us to fight peacefully for a free Tibet and for human rights.”
PEMA CHAGZOETSANG The only Tibetan women in Utah for 8 Years Her two sons were the first Tibetans born in Utah She helped organize The Salt Lake Area Tibetan Resettlement Project The Resettlement project worked with IHC providing housing for the 8 Tibetans for 3 years rent free. She also organized the Utah Tibetan Association
P.C CONTINUED It operates under the guidelines of the U.S. office of Tibet in N.Y. During the next 2 years the population of Tibetans grew to 75 The LDS church aided by providing donated clothing, food, and appliances. Jobs were arranged in advance Sponsors also showed them how to ride the bus to and from work.
TENZIN WANGDU SAMDUP PHODANG Born in Tibet in 1957 Father served as the Commander of the Army of Tibet from 1954-1958 2 years old when China invaded Tibet Father was imprisoned by Chinese At age 11 began working to help mother support family Father released from Chinese prison in 1980
TENZIN WANGDU SAMDUP PHODANG Family went to visit grandparents in India, had to stay behind to ensure their return. Family decided to stay in India 1985 fled to India with new bride to reunite with family Came to U.S. in 1992 along with 1000 other Tibetans that were granted special visas Landed in N.Y.C. but was uneasy about big city Relocated to S.L.C. in Nov. 1992
TSERING DHONDUP Born 1955 Kongpo Province in Tibet Grew up in poor living conditions with a large family China invaded his village when he was 5 Family made it to India as a refugee but was safe First generation of his family to receive modern education 1978 graduated with a degree in Political Science form the University of Delhi 1981 elected for Joint secretary committee of Tibetan Youth Congress
T.D. CONTINUED Peoples Representative of the 10th Assembly of Tibetan Peoples Deputies U.S allowed 1,000 visas for Tibetans-he applied and got chosen out of the 4,000 applicants from India and Nepal. Chosen to come to Salt Lake City June 1992 Set up with the Wayne Johnson family With in his first week here he received a SSN, free housing, and a full-time job at Parsons Behle and Latimer Would like to go back to his homeland one day
TSEWANG NGODUP Born 1959 in Phari, Tibet. Family fled the Chinese invasion Received a B.A in Political Science and public administration form Punjab University Founded the Tibetan Educational Alliance for Higher learning Came to Utah in 1992 Attended Hunter College in NY 1994 elected President of the Utah Tibetan Association Currently works for Abbott Critical Care Systems and Matrixx Marketing, Inc.
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