The Cost of Safety Robert D. Hunter General Counsel Altec, Inc.
 
 
<ul><li>Operator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up of Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to Cover Conductor </li></ul></ul...
 
<ul><li>The Manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>The Mechanic (i.e., The Owner) </li></ul><ul><li>The Supervisor (i.e., The Owne...
 
Accidents on Boom-Supported Lifts (Center to Protect Workers Rights, 2007)
Let’s Look at the Decade of the 1990s <ul><li>Deregulation of Utilities led to more outsourcing to Contractors </li></ul><...
Looking at the ‘90s <ul><li>“ Many [Electrical Utilities] are getting by with fewer workers and are largely abandoning app...
Looking at the ‘90s <ul><li>“ Crews are working longer hours, while promotions to foreman sometimes are made prematurely. ...
Looking at the ‘90s <ul><li>“ Contractor personnel “are getting killed at twice the rate of those working for utilities,” ...
Accidents per 100 Workers
NIOSH Study (1998) Worker Deaths by Electrocution <ul><li>At least one of the following contributed to  every  electrocuti...
 
Safety Depends On The <ul><li>RIGHT People </li></ul><ul><li>Using the </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT Equipment </li></ul><ul><li...
Safety Depends On The <ul><li>RIGHT People </li></ul><ul><li>Using the </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT Equipment </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Lost Worker, either temporarily or permanently </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits to Injured worker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Costs of Litigation, whether or not sued, in time, inconvenience, and money </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA Fines </li></ul...
<ul><li>$140,000 in penalties assessed “for allowing employees to come too close to energized parts without requiring them...
<ul><li>Costs of Litigation, whether or not sued, in time, inconvenience, and money </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA Fines </li></ul...
<ul><li>Following aerial lift electrical accident, agreed to $105,000 fine </li></ul><ul><li>Two more accidents followed, ...
 
<ul><li>Increased Cost of Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Losses Incurred by Manufacturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incr...
Risk (Units in the Field)
Reportable Incidents
Liability Insurance Rate
<ul><li>Loss of Available Components </li></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Employers
<ul><li>Decreased Flexibility of Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Products once designed for the worker who followed the rules...
1977 Manufacturers of Aerial Devices and Digger Derricks <ul><li>Aerial Lift of CT </li></ul><ul><li>Altec Industries </li...
1977 Manufacturers of Aerial Devices and Digger Derricks (2002) <ul><li>Aerial Lift of CT </li></ul><ul><li>Altec Industri...
 
Charles Espenlaub
<ul><li>“ A seat belt is like a parachute; if you need it and don’t have it, you will probably never need it again.” </li>...
 
 
 
The Greatest Cost of All
 
 
 
<ul><li>Helping Crews work  </li></ul><ul><li>Safer and Smarter </li></ul>
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Altec

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Information on creating a culture of safety at electric cooperatives.

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Altec

  1. 1. The Cost of Safety Robert D. Hunter General Counsel Altec, Inc.
  2. 4. <ul><li>Operator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up of Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to Cover Conductor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to Wear PPE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mechanic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conductive Hose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winch Cover </li></ul></ul>Is only the Manufacturer Responsible? <ul><li>Owner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper Training of Operator and Mechanic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper Supervision of Operator and Mechanic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Owner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper Training of Operator and Mechanic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper Supervision of Operator and Mechanic </li></ul></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>The Manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>The Mechanic (i.e., The Owner) </li></ul><ul><li>The Supervisor (i.e., The Owner) </li></ul>So Who Paid the Plaintiff?
  4. 8. Accidents on Boom-Supported Lifts (Center to Protect Workers Rights, 2007)
  5. 9. Let’s Look at the Decade of the 1990s <ul><li>Deregulation of Utilities led to more outsourcing to Contractors </li></ul><ul><li>Cable TV and Internet Booming, leading to stringing cable as fast as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Many new Contractors to meet these demands </li></ul><ul><li>Many of those new Contractors lacked resources to provide Training and Supervision </li></ul>
  6. 10. Looking at the ‘90s <ul><li>“ Many [Electrical Utilities] are getting by with fewer workers and are largely abandoning apprentice training . . . As a consequence, fewer linemen often perform more work. </li></ul><ul><li>“ With experienced journeymen scarce, younger and less experienced hands have been pressed to take on more responsibility.” </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering News Record , February 23, 2004 </li></ul>
  7. 11. Looking at the ‘90s <ul><li>“ Crews are working longer hours, while promotions to foreman sometimes are made prematurely. One result, some say, is more deadly accidents.” </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering News Record , February 23, 2004 </li></ul>
  8. 12. Looking at the ‘90s <ul><li>“ Contractor personnel “are getting killed at twice the rate of those working for utilities,” says David Wallis, director of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s office of engineering safety. Contractor linemen forget to use personal protective equipment, such as insulated gloves, more often than utility linemen, he says.” </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering News Record , February 23, 2004 </li></ul>
  9. 13. Accidents per 100 Workers
  10. 14. NIOSH Study (1998) Worker Deaths by Electrocution <ul><li>At least one of the following contributed to every electrocution studied: </li></ul><ul><li>Established work practices not implemented or followed </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate PPE not provided or worn </li></ul><ul><li>Lockout/Tagout procedures not implemented or followed </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Compliance with Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate Training </li></ul>
  11. 16. Safety Depends On The <ul><li>RIGHT People </li></ul><ul><li>Using the </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>In the </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT way </li></ul>
  12. 17. Safety Depends On The <ul><li>RIGHT People </li></ul><ul><li>Using the </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>In the </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT way </li></ul><ul><li>But This Costs $$$$!!! </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Lost Worker, either temporarily or permanently </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits to Injured worker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers Comp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equipment Down-time </li></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Employers
  14. 19. <ul><li>Costs of Litigation, whether or not sued, in time, inconvenience, and money </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA Fines </li></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Employers
  15. 20. <ul><li>$140,000 in penalties assessed “for allowing employees to come too close to energized parts without requiring them to wear ‘sleeves’ insulated to protect their upper arms and shoulders. The unprotected workers’ proximity to overhead power lines brought metal parts of the aerial lift in contact with live wiring which caused the accident.” </li></ul>OSHA Press Release February 6, 2001
  16. 21. <ul><li>Costs of Litigation, whether or not sued, in time, inconvenience, and money </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA Fines </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Prosecution </li></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Employers
  17. 22. <ul><li>Following aerial lift electrical accident, agreed to $105,000 fine </li></ul><ul><li>Two more accidents followed, resulting in $423,500 fine </li></ul><ul><li>And . . . </li></ul>Case Study
  18. 24. <ul><li>Increased Cost of Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Losses Incurred by Manufacturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased Insurance Premiums to Manufacturers </li></ul></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Employers
  19. 25. Risk (Units in the Field)
  20. 26. Reportable Incidents
  21. 27. Liability Insurance Rate
  22. 28. <ul><li>Loss of Available Components </li></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Employers
  23. 29. <ul><li>Decreased Flexibility of Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Products once designed for the worker who followed the rules now must be designed for the worker who does not follow the rules </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decreased Availability of Equipment </li></ul>Lack of Safety Costs Customers
  24. 30. 1977 Manufacturers of Aerial Devices and Digger Derricks <ul><li>Aerial Lift of CT </li></ul><ul><li>Altec Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Amador Aerials </li></ul><ul><li>Andres N. Bertotto </li></ul><ul><li>Asplundh </li></ul><ul><li>Bronto Skylift USA </li></ul><ul><li>Calavar Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Firestone Tire </li></ul><ul><li>General Cable Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Glazer Enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Halline </li></ul><ul><li>Holan </li></ul><ul><li>Hunt-Pierce </li></ul><ul><li>McCabe Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Aerial Towers </li></ul><ul><li>Pitman </li></ul><ul><li>ReachAll </li></ul><ul><li>RO Products </li></ul><ul><li>Skyrider </li></ul><ul><li>Skyworker </li></ul><ul><li>Stahl </li></ul><ul><li>Strato Tower </li></ul><ul><li>TECO </li></ul><ul><li>Telelect </li></ul><ul><li>TG Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Time Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Body Co. </li></ul><ul><li>Waldon </li></ul>
  25. 31. 1977 Manufacturers of Aerial Devices and Digger Derricks (2002) <ul><li>Aerial Lift of CT </li></ul><ul><li>Altec Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Amador Aerials </li></ul><ul><li>Andres N. Bertotto </li></ul><ul><li>Asplundh </li></ul><ul><li>Bronto Skylift USA </li></ul><ul><li>Calavar Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Firestone Tire </li></ul><ul><li>General Cable Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Glazer Enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Halline </li></ul><ul><li>Holan </li></ul><ul><li>Hunt-Pierce </li></ul><ul><li>McCabe Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Aerial Towers </li></ul><ul><li>Pitman </li></ul><ul><li>ReachAll </li></ul><ul><li>RO Products </li></ul><ul><li>Skyrider </li></ul><ul><li>Skyworker </li></ul><ul><li>Stahl </li></ul><ul><li>Strato Tower </li></ul><ul><li>TECO </li></ul><ul><li>Telelect </li></ul><ul><li>TG Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Time Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Body Co. </li></ul><ul><li>Waldon </li></ul>
  26. 33. Charles Espenlaub
  27. 34. <ul><li>“ A seat belt is like a parachute; if you need it and don’t have it, you will probably never need it again.” </li></ul>
  28. 38. The Greatest Cost of All
  29. 42. <ul><li>Helping Crews work </li></ul><ul><li>Safer and Smarter </li></ul>

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