Inclusion

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This is a presentation that was given at the Ohio Middle School Association conference.

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Inclusion

  1. 1. Co-Teaching The Power of Two... <ul><li>The Reality…Following the Philosophy </li></ul>
  2. 2. PRESENTERS <ul><li>Robin Frederick: 7th grade intervention specialist/DH </li></ul><ul><li>Loretta Fansler: 7th grade intervention specialist/LD </li></ul><ul><li>Brad Fuhrer: 7th grade social studies & all around nice guy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tiffin, Ohio Tiffin “ The Education Community”
  4. 4. Tiffin Middle School <ul><li>6th,7th & 8th grades </li></ul><ul><li>2 teams, each grade </li></ul><ul><li>Total population- 734 </li></ul><ul><li>Special needs students- 115 </li></ul><ul><li>Programs: LD, DH, & SBH </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-categorical: TBI, HI, OHI, tourettes, autism, etc,... </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of Co-teaching at TMS <ul><li>1993- Reorganized to a Middle School </li></ul><ul><li>1993- Inclusion of DH students in Ohio History & Health (LD students mainstreamed) </li></ul><ul><li>1994- Inclusion of LD students in Civics </li></ul><ul><li>1996-Block scheduling which allowed common planning time </li></ul><ul><li>1996- Inclusion of LD students in Math </li></ul><ul><li>1998- Inclusion of DH students in Science </li></ul><ul><li>2002- Lack of funds, schedule flexibility... </li></ul>
  6. 6. History Continued... <ul><li>2003- no team planning </li></ul><ul><li>2004- still no team planning, damn it! </li></ul><ul><li>2005- inclusion in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>social studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>math </li></ul></ul>“ Our fearless leader”
  7. 7. I can’t take it anymore! We love our jobs! Co-Teaching Before After
  8. 8. Before After Co-Teaching
  9. 9. Inclusion Traditional & Co-Teaching <ul><li>LD mainstreamed, serviced in Resource </li></ul><ul><li>room </li></ul><ul><li>No modified tests & worksheets </li></ul><ul><li>More discipline problems </li></ul><ul><li>More classroom management problems </li></ul><ul><li>Lower success rate </li></ul>• Students serviced in the classroom • Modified tests & worksheets • Fewer discipline problems • Fewer classroom management problems • Higher success rates for all students
  10. 10. Inclusion Philosophy Vs. Reality <ul><li>All students should have the opportunity to learn in the mainstream with specialized services provided </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion: meeting needs of all students in the classroom with in class support </li></ul>• Can they? Not without a lot of work! Modify, adapt, modify, adapt and then do it some more! • Yes, two heads are better than one!
  11. 11. Inclusion Philosophy Vs. Reality <ul><li>Collaboration: teachers, students, parents, administrators </li></ul><ul><li>Belief that students with disabilities should be integrated into the mainstream whether or not they can meet traditional curricular standards </li></ul>• Ha! Ha! • Not all staff members will support inclusion or team teaching
  12. 12. Inclusion Philosophy Vs. Reality <ul><li>Teacher planning, collaboration, and training is necessary for success </li></ul>• Just do it!
  13. 13. Volunteers Needed: <ul><li>General Education Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education Teachers </li></ul>
  14. 14. Qualifications <ul><li>Risk taker </li></ul><ul><li>Open to suggestions </li></ul><ul><li>Open to criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Student advocate </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul>
  15. 15. Types of Teaching <ul><li>Reverse Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>One teach, One drift </li></ul><ul><li>Diversified study time </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation on demand </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Humor in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Break away </li></ul>
  16. 16. Strategies & Ideas <ul><li>Whip around </li></ul><ul><li>Fact of the day </li></ul><ul><li>Technology (smartboard, powerpoint, phonic ear) </li></ul><ul><li>Folders </li></ul><ul><li>Study guides </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted/modified tests, worksheets </li></ul><ul><li>Community/school projects (friendly competitions between homerooms) </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive programs (TEAM TMS, Blue Crew Bucks, Stamps, Lunch Bunch, Student of the Month , the Month of Manners, bug roll) </li></ul>
  17. 17. More Strategies & Ideas <ul><li>Think write </li></ul><ul><li>Happy grams </li></ul><ul><li>Case managing </li></ul><ul><li>Skim & Shift </li></ul><ul><li>Books on tape </li></ul><ul><li>Class room starters </li></ul><ul><li>Question of the week </li></ul>
  18. 18. Even More Strategies & Ideas <ul><li>Tag Team reading </li></ul><ul><li>Word of the Day </li></ul><ul><li>Lame Games </li></ul><ul><li>Color Overlays </li></ul><ul><li>Slantboards </li></ul>
  19. 19. Are Two Heads Better Than One? Let’s Ask the Experts
  20. 20. Survey says... <ul><li>Do you get more help when there are 2 teachers in the room? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you behave differently when there are 2 teachers in the room? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you ask more questions when there are 2 teachers in the room? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you get better grades in the inclusion classes than the other classes? </li></ul>Yes No 89% 11% 34% 66% 44% 56% 74% 26%
  21. 21. More Survey Results... • Do you do a better job on your homework in your inclusion classes? • Do you answer more questions in your inclusion classes? • Do you pay closer attention to the teacher in your inclusion classes? • Do you wish all of your classes could be inclusion classes? Yes No 77% 23% 49% 51% 72% 28% 70% 30%
  22. 22. Student Benefits <ul><li>Increased homework completion rate </li></ul><ul><li>More opportunity for teacher contact throughout the day </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to respond increases </li></ul><ul><li>More students get assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking assistance is commonplace </li></ul><ul><li>Helps students build relationships with teachers </li></ul>
  23. 23. More Student Benefits <ul><li>Learning modes are more easily accommodated </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for individual, small group or large group instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Daily work habits are reinforced and monitored (KST) </li></ul><ul><li>Social acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Conducive to parent support </li></ul>
  24. 24. Teacher Benefits <ul><li>Not isolated (no man is an island) </li></ul><ul><li>Fun </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Parent conferences are more effective </li></ul><ul><li>Share and learn expertise and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>More innovation (Ruts-R-Us no more!) </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer discipline problems </li></ul><ul><li>Incidental collaboration </li></ul>
  25. 25. More Teaching Benefits <ul><li>Teacher chores are shared </li></ul><ul><li>Shared accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Change of routine due to teacher absence is kept to a minimum </li></ul>
  26. 26. In conclusion... <ul><li>Teaching is the profession that makes all other professions possible. </li></ul>Thank you for attending our presentation.

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