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  • Hintergrund: Verstöße gegen elementare Arbeiterrechte wie Recht auf Versammlungsfreiheit und Verbot von Kinderarbeit bei der Produktion für den Export in vielen Ländern
    Langfristig vorteilhaft
    Aber Gefahr der kurzfristigen Vorteilnahme
    Multiple Gleichgewichte: Frage kollektiven Handelns, welches erreicht werden kann
  • Hintergrund: Verstöße gegen elementare Arbeiterrechte wie Recht auf Versammlungsfreiheit und Verbot von Kinderarbeit bei der Produktion für den Export in vielen Ländern
    Langfristig vorteilhaft
    Aber Gefahr der kurzfristigen Vorteilnahme
    Multiple Gleichgewichte: Frage kollektiven Handelns, welches erreicht werden kann
  • Hintergrund: Verstöße gegen elementare Arbeiterrechte wie Recht auf Versammlungsfreiheit und Verbot von Kinderarbeit bei der Produktion für den Export in vielen Ländern
    Langfristig vorteilhaft
    Aber Gefahr der kurzfristigen Vorteilnahme
    Multiple Gleichgewichte: Frage kollektiven Handelns, welches erreicht werden kann
  • Programm

    1. 1. DAAD – Alumni Webinar The Social Dimension of Global Governance – Rights and Voice for Labor Do international labor rights contribute to development? 29. January 2015 Prof. Dr. Christoph Scherrer
    2. 2. Core Labor Rights Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, 1948 (No. 87; 129) Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98) Forced Labor Convention, 1930 (No. 29) Abolition of Forced Labor Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
    3. 3. Core Labor Rights (cont’d) Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No.111) Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100) Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 2000 (No. 182)
    4. 4. Core Labor Rights in International Law ILO Conventions (129-161, by 2002) ILO Declaration of Fundamental ... Rights UN Covenant on Economic ... Rights UN Covenant on Civil ... Rights UN Covention on the Rights of the Child
    5. 5. I N D I A Christoph Scherrer
    6. 6. 1 Unresolved Issue (among many) Southern Concern: Honoring Core Labor Rights = Loosing Competitive Advantages?
    7. 7. Loosing Competitive Advantages? Text Book: imposed increase in production costs harms sales prospects Economic Models: No recognition of – efficiency wages (long run) – market power
    8. 8. Destructive South – South Competition Structural oversupply of labor power: • rapid population growth • displacement of subsistence agriculture • end of communism: supply shock • debt crisis: pressure to adopt export oriented strategies • barriers to market exit – subsistence agriculture is no alternative – lack of social protection
    9. 9. Global Labor Pool Source: Illustration and calculations by Beck/Scherrer 2012, based on data provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, ILO KILM Ed. 7 & ILO LABORSTA Belgium / Switzerland / Germany Canada / Japan / UK Brazil ChinaIndia Indonesia 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 Accumulated Labor Force Age 15+ (billions) LaborCostsManufacturing(US=100) Labor Costs in Manufacturing 2009 (US = 100) Weighted Average Labor Costs
    10. 10. Some empirical evidence for hand- made carpets • Trade dominated by few companies • Survey: Price rise by more than 15 % leads to switching source • Replacement of traditional market leader Iran
    11. 11. Theoretical Argument Core workers’ rights that push wages above the market-clearing price in the short run threaten competitiveness. Most acute if competing regions compare in factor endowment and market position.
    12. 12. Theoretical Conclusion Therefore, developing countries cannot raise their social standards in isolation but only in conjunction with other countries by multilateral agreement.
    13. 13. Asia Floor Wage Campaign An Answer to Relocation Threats

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