CiT Seesion 6 gesamt

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CiT Seesion 6 gesamt

  1. 1. MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Transformations Revival Muharraq past and present Urban conservation in the UNESCO World Heritage site Pearling, Testimony of an Island EcomomyWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  2. 2. Transformations Muharraq past and present Location and history Historic map of the Arabian/Persian Gulf, 1745 Muharraq in Bahrain Jacques-Nicolas Bellin - Karte von der Küste von Arabien, 1745 AMS Architects/Urban DesignersWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  3. 3. Transformations Muharraq past and present 19th century Pearling city and seat of the rulers Daniele Pini, Capacity Building for Enhancement of Urban Governance, UNDP, MoMAA Bahrain, 2006 Ministry of Culture, BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  4. 4. Transformations Muharraq past and present Urban expansionHistoric aerial photograph of the 1960s Contemporary aerial photograph with map of 1931Ministry of Culture, Bahrain AMS Architects/Urban Designers Webinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  5. 5. Transformations Muharraq past and present 20th century transformationsDaniele Pini, Capacity Building for Enhancement of Urban Governance,UNDP, MoMAA Bahrain, 2006 Webinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  6. 6. Transformations Muharraq past and present 20th century transformationsDaniele Pini, Capacity Building for Enhancement of Urban Governance,UNDP, MoMAA Bahrain, 2006 Webinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  7. 7. Transformations Muharraq past and present New architecural typologies Current zoning regulations Ministry of Municipalities, BahrainHistoric/traditional typology and features:Webinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  8. 8. Transformations Muharraq past and present Social and economic transformation Central Informatics Organisation, BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  9. 9. Revival Private and governmental iniatives to rehabilitate the urban heritage Shaikh Ebrahim Center for Culture and Research – an NGO http://www.shaikhebrahimcenter.org His Majesty King Hamad Scheme for Dilapidated HousesWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis M.A. World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, architect
  10. 10. The revival The Pearling Testimony A selection of 17 properties inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain © Ministry of Culture of BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  11. 11. The revival The Pearling Testimony A 3.5 km visitor trail into Muharraq, connecting the inscribed buildings © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain © Ministry of Culture of BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  12. 12. The revival Protection zones in Muharraq, enforced through and inter-ministerial agreement, around the inscribed buildings, and the visitor trail. Red: the inscribed properties Orange: primary element Blue: secondary elemenst Light orange: primary protection zone © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain Light blue: secondary protection zone.Webinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  13. 13. The revival Demolition of historical buildings stopped and Emergency conservation of dangerous buildings conducted. Building in danger of collapse being restored by Ministry of culture team. © Ministry of Culture of BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  14. 14. The revival Building guidelines Before correction After correction e.g.: the plot layout, better adapted to the character of the traditional fabric Before correction After correction e.g.: the architectural language false traditional style bannedWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  15. 15. The revival Conservation principles in line with international standards © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain Newly restored shops in the suqWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  16. 16. The revival Attention to the historical relevance of the conserved material, © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain The revelation of a historical column in one of the housesWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  17. 17. The revival Direct interventions on the existing fabric to upgrade its presentation and maintenance, © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain before after The interventions don‘t aim to modernize the fabric, rather clean it and keep its vernacular character.Webinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  18. 18. The revival Remaining risks and obstacles: gentrification, the city becoming a museum... Many houses have to be purchased by the government in order to save them. This denotes the lack of interest of the inhabitants in preserving their town. The use of these houses being mostly oriented towards a higher social class, creates a risk of gentrification around these areas. © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain One of the pearling properties, before and after restorationWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  19. 19. The revival Remaining risks and obstacles: extensive adaptation and introduction of design elements © Ministry of Culture of Bahrain Proposed design for the pearling route using a very expensive and inadapted material, This attractive proposal was about to be approved, but was stopped by the vivid criticism of techinicians and heritage consultants. © Ministry of Culture of BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  20. 20. The revival Remaining risks and obstacles: •  he cultural shock, elitism in the uses could lead to a confrontation with the conservative portion of T the community. •  he project is still isolated, a comprehensive conservation plan and policies for re-use are not T established, so the deterioration of the town is slowly continuing outside the Pearling protection zone. •  he local community still regards muharraq as a place where it‘s difficult to live. TWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  21. 21. The revival Current actions: In response, certain actions are foreseen, and some started to be implemented: •  eaching a set of decrees and laws that R enforces new regulations in all of old Muharraq •  pplying a wholeome conservation plan for A the town, including public space transformation A conservation master plan for a neighbourhood in the northern part of the pearling site. (by Jean bernard Cremnitzer) © Ministry of Culture of BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  22. 22. The revival Current actions: •  rganising community workshops to O receive the demands on the inhabitants and integrate them in the designs, avoid future conflicts, and give back to the people the hope of better living in Muharraq. •  inding the right policies to re-cycle the F abandonned historic buildings by collaborating with other governemental bodies and sponsors. © Ministry of Culture of BahrainWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  23. 23. Thank youWebinar Cities in transition – Alumniportal Deutschland MUHARRAQ – the revelation of a historic town Dipl.-Ing. Eva Battis, MA World Heritage Studies Ghassan Chemali, Architect
  24. 24. dIGITAL URBAN - a vision for managing the transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. Presented by: S M Mehedi Ahsan DAAD Fellow: Urban Management Habitat Unit, Technical University of Berlin Date: August 01, 2012 Webinar -"Cities in transition-how alumni are transforming their cities” Organized by Alumniportal Deutschland.“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 1 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  25. 25. Outline • Introduction • Urbanization in Bangladesh • Brief Urban Profile of Bangladesh • Urban Development Initiatives in Bangladesh • “Digital Urban” what is it? How Digital Urban can contribute in managing urban transition of Bangladesh. • Future Outlook of “Digital Urban”. • Conclusion.“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 2 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  26. 26. Bangladesh Area: 143,998 sqkm, Total Population:160 mio, Urban Population: 55 mio (estimated) & Urban Poor: 20 mio (estimated). Over the past 40 years since independence, Bangladesh has -increased its real per capita income by more than 130 percent, -cut poverty rate by sixty percent, -well set to achieve most of the millennium development goals.“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 3 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  27. 27. Bangladesh VISION 2021: DIGITAL BANGLADESH to graduate from LDCs to medium developed country. The vision is to build Bangladesh into a resilient, productive, innovative, and prosperous nation with a caring society consisting of healthy, happy, and well- educated people. Bangladesh is predominantly Rural agrarian country, have beautiful natural landscape…“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 4 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  28. 28. Urbanization in Bangladesh Rural - Urban Transformation !  "#$%&()*()(")*+(#,(-.()&&/)0012( !“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 5 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  29. 29. Urbanization in Bangladesh Source: WB 2005“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 6 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  30. 30. Urban Opportunities ….“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 7 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  31. 31. Urbanization in Bangladesh 23)&0)4+5675(8%9+5()&4(*#$&5()88#/&*(,#"()("):%401(%&8"+)5%&(&)9#&)0(!;<( =)"#/&4(>?.@(“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 8 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  32. 32. However, the RURAL to URBAN transformation is happening unplanned, un-responded and un-recognized way resulting the negative impacts in the urban areas.Urbanization in Bangladesh !"#$%&()$* # +,#-..-/"#0$/0.$#.-1$#-"# 234("#0//3#%$5.$$")% # 6//".7#8"/9"#(% # :%.2%; # “Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 9 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  33. 33. Urban Bangladesh • Mega City: 01, Dhaka the Capital accommodates 16 mio people (10% of total population of Bangladesh & around 40% of total urban population). • Metropolitan City: 05 • City (more than 100000): 20 • Secondary Towns: 50 • Small Towns: 450 7/31/12“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 10 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  34. 34. People are migrating to CITIES => (mostly live in SLUMS of Dhaka) 16 40,000/sq kmDhaka’s Unprecedented Population Density:!The urban area is the world’s most dense, havingrecently passed Hong Kong (based, again on United Nations estimates and projections). Covering aland area of little more than 100 square miles, Dhaka’s population density is now approaching inexcess of 100,000 per square mile (40,000 per square kilometer). At that density, the New York urbanarea would accommodate all of the population of the United States!and Mexico.“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 11 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  35. 35. Urban Bangladesh Dhaka is the Fastest growing Mega City of the World“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 12 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  36. 36. Urban Development initiatives in Bangladesh 1959 -Preparation of Master Plan of Dhaka (the capital), Chittagong (2nd) and Khulna 3rd largest City. 1970s -National Physical Planning Project (1st phase), in co-operation with UNDP, 1978-1982. -National Physical Planning Project (2nd phase), with UNDP, UNCHS/UNHABITAT assistance, 1983-1987. 1980s -Preparation of Master Plan (all district and upazila towns) -Number of Urban Infrastructure Projects by World Bank and Asian Development Bank since1980s. 1990s -Slum Improvement Projects since1986 by UNICEF. 2000s -Biggest Slum Improvement Project by UNDP/DFID/UNHABITAT from 2000 (Continuing). -Urban Governance and Infrastructure Improvement Project by ADB since 2000, GIZ & KfW since 2008. -Preparation of Master Plans of all Urban areas.“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 13 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  37. 37. Key Progress achieved By Urban Sector Bangladesh • Urban and Regional Planning is introduced in 06 Public Universities in Bachelor and Masters level education. • Draft Urban Sector Policy prepared in 2006. • Urban Transformation as a new chapter incorporated for the first time in National Planning Document : 6th Five Year Plan (FY2011 to FY2015). • Bangladesh Urban Forum took place in December 2011“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 14 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  38. 38. Major Challenges of Urban Development in Bangladesh • URBAN is not yet recognized in Public Policy arena. • Planning without implementation. • Attention on Rural Development to tackle Urban Challenges. • Basket project approach in Urban Development. • Poor Coordination among different actors, Weak institutions ? (lack of capacity and finances). • Almost no lessons learned from the mistakes. DIGITAL URBAN initiative for realizing the vision 2021 of Bangladesh“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 15 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  39. 39. “Digital Urban” what is it? OUTCOME DIGITAL URBAN BANGLADESH Democratic and knowledge based inclusive urban society Platform established: Improved Public Access to updated Responsive Public OUTPUT Citizens & all other Education: Citizen information and urban Policy towards pro- actors can better Awareness & knowledge established. poor and sustainable express their opinions Developed capacity of Urban Bangladesh in an interactive way different actors To develop E-Library To perform as an To Organize OBJECTIVES To develop a digital (Country Urban Urban Think Tank, platform for the routine training Profile, City Profiles, Policy advocacy, urban sector of courses, Books & Reports, Opinion polls, Urban Bangladesh workshops, Urban Policy & Campaign, Action seminars & Guidelines, Urban research (continuous conferences Data bank) follow up to GoB)“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 16 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  40. 40. “Digital Urban” what is it? Community of Practice About us -sub group (cities and climate change, DIGITAL URBAN -Vision inclusive city, urban planning, etc). An Interactive website -Mission -online discussion (discussion like in (with different modules) -Activities linkedin). -Management -introduce blog/multimedia (vdeo clips)/all urban job postings and links. E-Library Urban Urban News & (to connect Research & Development Events knowledge to Education Practices Bangladesh practices) Universities & GoB, LGUs, Urban Forum Research Development Centers Partners, NGOs CONNECTION WITH FACEBOOK & OTHER SOCIAL NETWORKS“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 17 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  41. 41. Future Outlook of “Digital Urban” June 2012 Dec 2012 June 2013 First Phase Second Phase Third Phase Website Developm Partnership Development, ent of Development, Content Writing, Concept Formation of Launching of working Groups Website, Start Performing What supports do I need ? -  artners? Financial Supports !!! P“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 18 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  42. 42. References: • Islam Md Syful (2007), Physical density and urban sprawl: a case of Dhaka city. • Government of Bangladesh (2006), Draft Urban Sector Policy Paper. • Government of Bangladesh (2011), Sixth Five Year Plan FY 2011 – FY2015. • World Bank publication (2005); Urban development and economic growth in Bangladesh. • Ahsan Mehedi, Urban Challenges Vs Urban Opportunities: An Agenda for International Development Cooperation – Case Study of Bangladesh. • http://www.rajukdhaka.gov.bd/rajuk/webHome • http://www.dhakacity.org/Page/About/Link/2/List_id/21/About_DCC“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 19 01, 2012 Webinar: August
  43. 43. Contact Details: S M Mehedi Ahsan DAAD Fellow: Urban Management Habitat Unit, Technical University of Berlin WH Hafenplatz 02-13 Köthener Straße 32 10963 Berlin, Germany M + 49 17679561785 E mehedi.ahsan2025@gmail.com S mehedi.ahsan1 (Skype)“Digital Urban” A vision for Managing the Transition from Rural to Urban Bangladesh, 7/31/12 Seite 20 01, 2012 Webinar: August

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