Beatriz Florian Christian Glahn          Hendrik Drachsler   Marcus Specht   Ramón FabregatPresented at EC-TEL 2011Sixth E...
Beatriz Florian, Christian Glahn, Hendrik Drachsler, Marcus Specht, Ramón Fabregat                                        ...
      Motivation             Research Question             Background               Competence Assessment             ...
Motivation                 Research Q           Background           Architecture           Prototype           Conclusion...
Motivation                  Research Q.          Background            Architecture           Prototype          Conclusio...
Motivation               Research Q.          Background           Architecture           Prototype           Conclusions❶...
Motivation                 Research Q.          Background           Architecture           Prototype           Conclusion...
Motivation               Research Q.           Background            Architecture            Prototype        Conclusions❶...
Motivation   Research Q                                     Background            Architecture            Prototype       ...
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SE NSOR LAYER                                      Moodle implements a detailed activity                                 ...
SE MANTI C LAYER                                        Several aggregators can be active to                             ...
SE MANTI C LAYER                                        Other Semantic Information                                       ...
CONT R OL LAYER       Plug-in that provides several        widgets that can be independently        integrated into the U...
IN DICATOR LAY ER       Different presentation modes for        the data of the control layer.       Configuration of th...
Motivation   Research Q          Background              Architecture            Prototype                                ...
Motivation   Research Q         Background             Architecture           Prototype                                   ...
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Motivation   Research Q          Background              Architecture            Prototype        Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺    ...
Motivation      Research Q         Background             Architecture           Prototype           Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ...
Motivation      Research Q      Background    Architecture              Prototype                      Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ...
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Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle

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In technology-enhanced learning, activity-based learner models can provide evidence for competence assessment. Such models are the foundation for learning and teaching support, such as: adaptation, assessment, and competence analytics, recommendations, and so on. This paper analyses how to construct activity-based learner models based on existing data in the Moodle learning management system. Based on the activity theory model and the actuator-indicator model, aggregators of learner activities for different activity types were implemented in Moodle. This requires the consideration of the social roles in a course, in order to enable adaptive views for learners and instructors on the stored activity information. The implementation showed that Moodle stores information about course activities that requires filtering before it can get used for higher level processing. The social planes in Moodle reveal a higher complexity than it has been previously described by theories of classroom orchestration, such as actors who are no longer present in a course.

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  • Good afternoon. I am Beatriz Florian, Ph.D Student of the University of Girona Spain, and I am here to present the paper ….. The otherauthors of this work, whose names you can see in this slide are: ....
  • EQF competence in action
  • Activity theory proposed by EngestromUsed in learning by Dillenbourg & Tochounikine
  • Proposed by Zimmerman et al and used in many different contexts.
  • Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle

    1. 1. Beatriz Florian Christian Glahn Hendrik Drachsler Marcus Specht Ramón FabregatPresented at EC-TEL 2011Sixth European Conference on Technology Enhanced LearningTowards Ubiquitous LearningPalermo (Italy), 22 September 2011 0
    2. 2. Beatriz Florian, Christian Glahn, Hendrik Drachsler, Marcus Specht, Ramón Fabregat Institute of Informatics and Applications (IIiA), University of Girona, Girona, Spain Centre for Learning Science Open University of The Netherlands Escuela de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Computación Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia 1
    3. 3.  Motivation  Research Question  Background  Competence Assessment  Activity Theory  Actuator-Indicator Model  Architecture  Activity-Based Learner-Models  Learning Analytics Solutions  Prototype and Findings  Conclusions and On-going ResearchEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 2
    4. 4. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ② ③ ④ ⑤ Appropriate Activity support traces responsesEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 3
    5. 5. Motivation Research Q. Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ③ ④ ⑤ Appropriate Activity traces support responsesEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 4
    6. 6. Motivation Research Q. Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ④ ⑤EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 5
    7. 7. Motivation Research Q. Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ⑤ Activity-based learner-models in • What ? • Where? • How? • When?EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 6
    8. 8. Motivation Research Q. Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ complex to extract semantic meaning limited built-in support for learning analytics Workshop Quiz Others Lesson Assessment in Moodle is more focus on summative assessmentEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 7
    9. 9. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶.EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 8
    10. 10. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ② ③ ④ ⑤2005 2009 2010 Cheetham, G. & Florian, B., Commission Crespo, R. M., Chivers, G. Baldiris, S., of the Najjar, J., Derntl, Fabregat R. European M., Leony, D., Communities Neumann, S., Oberhuemer, P., et al. Najjar J. et al. Florian, B., De La Hoz, A., Baldiris, S., Fabregat R. 9
    11. 11. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ③ ④ ⑤1999 2000 2007 Engeström Engeström Dillenbourg & Tchounikine 10
    12. 12. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ④ ⑤EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 11
    13. 13. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ⑤2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 Zimmermann, A., Glahn, C., De Jong, T., Glahn, C., Glahn, C., & Specht, M., Loren Specht, M., Specht, M., Specht, M., Specht, M. z, A. & Koper, R. & Koper, R. & Koper, R. Glahn, C., Specht, M., & Koper, R. 12
    14. 14. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 13
    15. 15. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ②EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 14
    16. 16. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 15
    17. 17. SE NSOR LAYER  Moodle implements a detailed activity logging in its services  Logs in Moodle are created by the Moodle Log Function and stored in mdl_log Moodle database  Report logs and the report statistics. Novel Ideas [17]mirroring of personal tracked data to the user [20] conceptual system-architecture for device adaption for mobile learningEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 16
    18. 18. SE MANTI C LAYER  Several aggregators can be active to process the traces of learning activity Aggregation • SQL Queries rule • Self Context (Social • Peer Planes) • Class Role-based • Teacher -> Class, peer, self perspective • Student -> self, peer (Capabilities)EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 17
    19. 19. SE MANTI C LAYER  Other Semantic Information  Competence model (EQF)  Assessment planEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 18
    20. 20. CONT R OL LAYER  Plug-in that provides several widgets that can be independently integrated into the UI.  Each widget contains a set of aggregators and visualizations  Scope -> social planes  In the case of recommendations an aggregator implements the data mining algorithms.EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 19
    21. 21. IN DICATOR LAY ER  Different presentation modes for the data of the control layer.  Configuration of the indicator -> presentation mode  So far shows smart indicators (context, the tracked activity)  Embedded into the UI of Moodle through a JavaScript.EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 20
    22. 22. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷ ❶ ② ③EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 21
    23. 23. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷ ❶ ❷ ③ 22 students no teaching staff as participant 7 unexpected 15 students 7 Former participants students “drop-outs” or “alumni”? enrolled Who are they?EC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 22
    24. 24. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷ ❶ ❷ ❸ ❶ ②  Social Planes in the Moodle logs are complex  Greater than predicted in the literature  New perspectives on classroom orchestration  Application of learning analyticsEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 23
    25. 25. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷ ❶ ❷ ❸ ❶ ②  On-going research:  Learner Analytics based on Competences’ assessment (bflorian)  Dyslexia Diagnosis and Treatment (cmejia, bflorian)  Indicators to help gauge whether or not a certain competence was successfully attained  Drop-out detection system for teachersEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 24
    26. 26. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷ ❶ ❷ ❸ ❶ ❷ Perspective in activity-based learner models as semantically models for activity-centered assessment and recommendations Prototype that implements indicators as examples of learning analytic applications Discussion of possible benefits of the approach in assessment, competence development and recommender systemsEC-TEL 2011 Activity-Based Learner-Models for Learner Monitoring and Recommendations in Moodle 25
    27. 27. Motivation Research Q Background Architecture Prototype Conclusions❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶. ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❶ ❷ ❶ ❷ ❸ ❶ ❷  For more information please contact Beatriz Florián bflorian@eia.udg.edu, beatriz.florian@correounivalle.edu.co Christian Glahn christian.glahn@ou.nl Hendrik Drachsler hendrik.drachsler@ou.nl Marcus Specht marcus.specht@ou.nl Ramón Fabregat ramon.fabregat@udg.edu Institut d’Informàtica i Aplicacions (IIiA) Universitat de Girona. Girona, España Centre for Learning Science Open University off The Netherlands Escuela de Ingeniería de Sistemas y Computación Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia 26

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