multiple intelligences


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multiple intelligences

  1. 1. 1 Howard Gardner’sHoward Gardner’s Theory of MultipleTheory of Multiple IntelligencesIntelligences Cardinal O’Hara In-Service 1/19/2007Cardinal O’Hara In-Service 1/19/2007
  2. 2. 2 Definition of IntelligenceDefinition of Intelligence Human intelligence has the followingHuman intelligence has the following characteristics:characteristics: o A set of skills that enable a person toA set of skills that enable a person to resolve genuine problemsresolve genuine problems encountered in life.encountered in life. o The ability to create an effectiveThe ability to create an effective product or offer a service that isproduct or offer a service that is valued in a culture.valued in a culture. o The potential for recognizing orThe potential for recognizing or creating problems, therebycreating problems, thereby establishing the necessity for theestablishing the necessity for the new knowledge.
  3. 3. 3 Principles of MultiplePrinciples of Multiple Intelligence TheoryIntelligence Theory 1.1. Intelligence is not singular:Intelligence is not singular: intelligences are multiple.intelligences are multiple. 2.2. Every person is a unique blendEvery person is a unique blend of dynamic intelligences.of dynamic intelligences.
  4. 4. 4 Principles of MultiplePrinciples of Multiple Intelligence TheoryIntelligence Theory 3.3. Intelligences vary inIntelligences vary in development, both within anddevelopment, both within and among individuals.among individuals. 4.4. All intelligences are dynamic.All intelligences are dynamic.
  5. 5. 5 Principles of MultiplePrinciples of Multiple Intelligence TheoryIntelligence Theory 5.5. Multiple intelligences can beMultiple intelligences can be identified and described.identified and described. 6.6. Every person deservesEvery person deserves opportunities to recognize andopportunities to recognize and develop the multiplicity ofdevelop the multiplicity of intelligences.intelligences.
  6. 6. 6 Principles of MultiplePrinciples of Multiple Intelligence TheoryIntelligence Theory 7.7. The use of one of theThe use of one of the intelligences can be used tointelligences can be used to enhance another intelligence.enhance another intelligence. 8.8. Personal background densityPersonal background density and dispersion are critical toand dispersion are critical to knowledge, beliefs, and skillsknowledge, beliefs, and skills in all all intelligences.
  7. 7. 7 Linguistic IntelligenceLinguistic Intelligence Linguistic intelligence (or verbal-Linguistic intelligence (or verbal- linguistic) is the ability to uselinguistic) is the ability to use with clarity the core operationswith clarity the core operations of language. People with highlyof language. People with highly developed linguistic intelligencedeveloped linguistic intelligence are sensitive to the meaning ofare sensitive to the meaning of words. They have the capacitywords. They have the capacity to follow rules of grammar, and,to follow rules of grammar, and, on carefully selected occasions,on carefully selected occasions, to violate them with good violate them with good effect.
  8. 8. 8 At a somewhat more sensoryAt a somewhat more sensory level, linguistic intelligence is alevel, linguistic intelligence is a sensitivity to the sounds, rhythms,sensitivity to the sounds, rhythms, inflections, and meters of words--inflections, and meters of words-- the ability which can make eventhe ability which can make even poetry in a foreign tongue beautifulpoetry in a foreign tongue beautiful to hear. Linguistic intelligence isto hear. Linguistic intelligence is also a sensitivity to the differentalso a sensitivity to the different functions of language--its potentialfunctions of language--its potential to excite, convince, stimulate,to excite, convince, stimulate, convey information, or simply toconvey information, or simply to please.please.
  9. 9. 9 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed linguistic intelligencelinguistic intelligence include:include:  PoetsPoets  AuthorsAuthors  ReportersReporters  SpeakersSpeakers  AttorneysAttorneys  Talk-showTalk-show hostshosts • Politicians • Teachers • Lecturers
  10. 10. 10 Logical-MathematicalLogical-Mathematical IntelligenceIntelligence Logical-MathematicalLogical-Mathematical intelligence is logical andintelligence is logical and mathematical ability as well asmathematical ability as well as scientific ability. Abstraction isscientific ability. Abstraction is fundamental, reasoning isfundamental, reasoning is complex, and problem-solutioncomplex, and problem-solution is natural. Order and sequenceis natural. Order and sequence are significant. There is a driveare significant. There is a drive to know causality as well as theto know causality as well as the explication of existenceexplication of existence..
  11. 11. 11 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed logical-mathematicallogical-mathematical intelligenceintelligence include:include:  MathematiciansMathematicians  EngineersEngineers  PhysicistsPhysicists  ResearchersResearchers  AstronomersAstronomers  ScientistsScientists
  12. 12. 12 Naturalistic IntelligenceNaturalistic Intelligence Naturalistic intelligence is theNaturalistic intelligence is the ability to understand, relate to,ability to understand, relate to, categorize, classify,categorize, classify, comprehend, and explain thecomprehend, and explain the things encountered in the worldthings encountered in the world of nature.of nature.
  13. 13. 13 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed naturalistic intelligencenaturalistic intelligence include:include:  FarmersFarmers  RanchersRanchers  HuntersHunters  GardenersGardeners  Animal handlersAnimal handlers  BotanistsBotanists  GeologistsGeologists
  14. 14. 14 Musical (Musical-rhythmic)Musical (Musical-rhythmic) IntelligenceIntelligence Musical intelligence (or Musical-Musical intelligence (or Musical- rhythmic) is the ability to use therhythmic) is the ability to use the core set of musical elements--core set of musical elements-- pitch, rhythm, and timbrepitch, rhythm, and timbre (understanding the(understanding the characteristic qualities of acharacteristic qualities of a tone). There may be a hierarchytone). There may be a hierarchy of difficulty involved in variousof difficulty involved in various roles, e.g., listeningroles, e.g., listening →→ performanceperformance →→ composition.composition.
  15. 15. 15 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed musical intelligencemusical intelligence include:include:  SingersSingers  ComposersComposers  InstrumentalistsInstrumentalists  ConductorsConductors  People who enjoy, understand,People who enjoy, understand, use, create, perform, anduse, create, perform, and appreciate music and/orappreciate music and/or elements of musicelements of music
  16. 16. 16 (Visual-)Spatial Intelligence(Visual-)Spatial Intelligence Spatial intelligence (or visual-Spatial intelligence (or visual- spatial) is the capacity tospatial) is the capacity to perceive the world accurately,perceive the world accurately, and to be able to recreate one'sand to be able to recreate one's visual experience. A person withvisual experience. A person with a good sense of direction or thea good sense of direction or the ability to move and operate wellability to move and operate well in the world would indicatein the world would indicate spatial intelligence.spatial intelligence.
  17. 17. 17 Visual-spatial intelligence entails aVisual-spatial intelligence entails a number of loosely related capacities,number of loosely related capacities, such as:such as:  the ability to recognize instances ofthe ability to recognize instances of the same elementthe same element  the ability to recognizethe ability to recognize transformations of one element intransformations of one element in anotheranother  the capacity to conjure up mentalthe capacity to conjure up mental imagery and then to transform thatimagery and then to transform that imageryimagery  the ability to produce a graphicthe ability to produce a graphic likeness of spatial informationlikeness of spatial information
  18. 18. 18 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed spatial intelligence include:spatial intelligence include:  SailorsSailors  EngineersEngineers  SurgeonsSurgeons  SculptorsSculptors  PaintersPainters  CartographersCartographers  ArchitectsArchitects
  19. 19. 19 Bodily-Kinesthetic IntelligenceBodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence isBodily-Kinesthetic intelligence is control of one's bodily motionscontrol of one's bodily motions and the ability to handle objectsand the ability to handle objects skillfully.skillfully.
  20. 20. 20 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed bodily-kinesthetic intelligencebodily-kinesthetic intelligence include:include:  ActorsActors  DancersDancers  SwimmersSwimmers  AcrobatsAcrobats  AthletesAthletes  JugglersJugglers  InstrumentalistsInstrumentalists  ArtisansArtisans
  21. 21. 21 Inter-Personal IntelligenceInter-Personal Intelligence Inter-personal intelligence is theInter-personal intelligence is the ability to notice and makeability to notice and make distinctions among otherdistinctions among other individuals and, in particular,individuals and, in particular, among their moods,among their moods, temperaments, motivations, andtemperaments, motivations, and intentions.intentions.
  22. 22. 22 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed inter-personal intelligenceinter-personal intelligence include:include:  PoliticiansPoliticians  Religious leadersReligious leaders  CounselorsCounselors  People in the helpingPeople in the helping professionsprofessions
  23. 23. 23 Intra-Personal IntelligenceIntra-Personal Intelligence Intra-Personal intelligence is theIntra-Personal intelligence is the ability to form an accurateability to form an accurate model of oneself, and to usemodel of oneself, and to use that model to operate effectivelythat model to operate effectively in life.
  24. 24. 24 People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed intra-personal intelligenceintra-personal intelligence include:include:  NovelistsNovelists  TherapistsTherapists  SagesSages  PsychologistsPsychologists  PhilosophersPhilosophers
  25. 25. 25 Existential IntelligenceExistential Intelligence  Existential Intelligence isExistential Intelligence is sensitivity and capacity to tacklesensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about humandeep questions about human existence.existence.
  26. 26. 26  People who exhibit developedPeople who exhibit developed existential intelligence include:existential intelligence include:  TheologiansTheologians  PhilosophersPhilosophers  Spiritual advisorsSpiritual advisors
  27. 27. 27 Intelligences Being ExaminedIntelligences Being Examined  Spiritual IntelligenceSpiritual Intelligence  Moral IntelligenceMoral Intelligence
  28. 28. 28 Curricular ImplicationsCurricular Implications  All intelligences are needed toAll intelligences are needed to function in societyfunction in society  Educators need to reach out to aEducators need to reach out to a broader range of skills and talentsbroader range of skills and talents  A deeper understanding ofA deeper understanding of curriculum takes place when morecurriculum takes place when more intelligences are incorporatedintelligences are incorporated  Can we facilitate interconnectionsCan we facilitate interconnections between/among intelligences?between/among intelligences?
  29. 29. 29 Incorporate the TheoryIncorporate the Theory  Allowing opportunities forAllowing opportunities for assessment that allows studentsassessment that allows students to use their strongerto use their stronger intelligences can be an indicatorintelligences can be an indicator of their grasp of the materialof their grasp of the material
  30. 30. 30 Incorporate the TheoryIncorporate the Theory  Portfolios, independent projects,Portfolios, independent projects, journals, and other creativejournals, and other creative projects allows for studentprojects allows for student choice and therefore interest inchoice and therefore interest in creating.creating.  Material learned and applied inMaterial learned and applied in an authentic situation may havean authentic situation may have greater learning impact.greater learning impact.
  31. 31. 31 Useful ResourceUseful Resource 