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W wll

  1. 1. Effects of Great Depression European countries felt the effects after WWl and the Great Depression. Germany, Italy, Japan and Spain all fell under the control of Facists.  Fascist believe that the government is more important than individual rights.
  2. 2. Germany Rises Treaty of Versaille, from WWI, left Germany struggling. After WWI, a democracy was established, but the economy fell in 1923.  Inflation – a rapid rise in prices (income does not keep up)
  3. 3. Hitler and the Nazis National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI), led by Adolf Hitler, criticized the democratic government. Hitler was a good speaker and persuaded the people that he had the answers.
  4. 4. Hitler as Chancellor His first rise to power was as chancellor.  A chief minister of Germany  Won majority of seats in Germany’s parliament  Called himself “der Fuhrer” meaning “Leader”  Destroyed the democratic process in Germany  Germany recovers economically
  5. 5. Hatred of Jews Hitler preaches that Jews were to blame for Germany’s problems He called them traitors Jews slowly lose their citizenships, jobs, eventually their homes and their lives.
  6. 6. Other Countries Italy – under the dictatorship of Japan gains Mussolini control of Asia Spain – Facist rule of Franco  Leads to Spanish Civil War
  7. 7. America’s response America chooses to stay isolationist The Great Depression was enough to handle and they couldn’t afford war Neutrality laws prohibited the selling of weapons to other countries Roosevelt believed it was important to be aware and not turn a blind eye.
  8. 8. The German Empire (Third Reich) In 1938 Germany went into Austria and declared it part of the German Empire. Two times before Germany tried to build an empire (reich), hence, this was the “third reich.” No one tried to stop Hitler, though it went against the Treaty of Versailles.
  9. 9.  As Hitler continues to advance, European leaders agree to a meeting. European leaders give in to Hitler’s demands.
  10. 10. Kristallnacht “Night of Broken Glass” Nazis set fire to  Synagogues.  Broke into Jewish homes  Destroyed businesses.  Set up death camps.
  11. 11. Holocaust Nearly six million Jews were killed in Concentration or Death Camps.
  12. 12. US joins war US doesn’t join war until Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, Hawaii December 7, 1941 “date that will live in infamy,” says Roosevelt.
  13. 13. How America Responds America steps up war supply production Gives jobs Women join the workforce as men fight. General Motors increases production People join together for the war effort Save money to fund the war Food and supplies are “rationed.”
  14. 14. Propaganda
  15. 15. Response continued Japanese Americans were put in detention camps. General Eisenhower commands Allied armies Decides to defeat Hitler first. Invades Italy and France. – D-Day June 6, 1944 – moves toward Germany
  16. 16. Yalta Agreement Roosevelt elected for 4th term in 1944. Allied leaders meet in 1945 Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin agree on a plan for Germany’s surrender This is the Yalta Agreement.
  17. 17. Yalta Agreement cont. Russia agrees to fight Japan. Germany to be divided into four zones. Soviet Union to hold democratic elections in Eastern Europe. United Nations to be created.
  18. 18. End of War Roosevelt dies suddenly in 1945. Truman becomes president. Hitler commits suicide and Germany surrenders. Atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
  19. 19. Truman becomes president Truman demands a “total surrender” of Japan Japan does not surrender Truman drops bomb on Hiroshima Still no full surrender Another bomb is dropped on Nagaski
  20. 20. Hiroshima atomic blast
  21. 21. Nagasaki before bomb
  22. 22. Nagasaki after bomb
  23. 23. End of WWII Bombs kill more than 130,000 people General MacArthur accepts surrender of Japan in Sept. 1945. WWII ends.