BODIES &BUILDINGSNYU ITP LECTURE COURSE SPRING 2013APRIL 8, 2013JEN VAN DER MEER @JENVANDERMEER WWW.JENVANDERMEER.COM
BUILDINGS: Part 2: Buildings7. Clean Tech Failures, Clean Tech Long Term View, March 25, 20138. LEED and the Passive House...
PLACES TO INTERVENE IN A SYSTEM: 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards)11. The sizes of buffers ...
2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system –its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arisesThe shared idea i...
What paradigmatic assumptions do we follow?There is a difference between nouns and verbs.Money measures something real and...
Paradigms are the sources of systemsFrom them, form shared social agreements about thenature of reality, come system goals...
The material apparatus around youRalph Waldo Emerson “War” Boston, 1838. Reprinted in Emerson’s Complete Works, vol. XI. 1...
Why do we build skyscrapersThe ancient Egyptians built pyramids because they believedin an afterlife. We build skyscrapers...
Who has changed paradigms?Whether it was Copernicus and Kepler showing that the earthis not the center of the universeOr E...
So how do you change paradigms?D. Meadows paraphrasing Thomas Kuhn: You keep pointing at the anomalies and failures in the...
BUILDINGS:FAILURES ANDANOMOLIES BODIES & BUILDINGS                      11	  
GLOBAL SUPPLY                   12	  April 8, 2013
ASSIGNMENT:APRIL 15                13	  April 8, 2013
Buildings through the lens of science                                         14	  April 8, 2013
ParallelsBodies:        Buildings:                                               15	  April 8, 2013
“New starts” is a sign of economicprogress                                     16	  April 8, 2013
Failure of measures                       17	  April 8, 2013
More work needed for feedback loops                                       18	  April 8, 2013
More work needed for feedback loops                                       19	  April 8, 2013
More work needed for feedback loops                                       20	  April 8, 2013
ASSIGNMENT Concept source and exploration? What part of the system of how we care for bodies, or how wemake and maintain o...
READINGPick any one of the “Facsicles” from ArtFarm on architecturetheory: http://www.archfarm.org/en/                    ...
LINKS AND PRESENTATION Today’s class presentation is available http://www.slideshare.net/bettybluegreen/bodies-and-buildin...
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Bodies and buildings nyu itp 4 8 2013

  1. 1. BODIES &BUILDINGSNYU ITP LECTURE COURSE SPRING 2013APRIL 8, 2013JEN VAN DER MEER @JENVANDERMEER WWW.JENVANDERMEER.COM
  2. 2. BUILDINGS: Part 2: Buildings7. Clean Tech Failures, Clean Tech Long Term View, March 25, 20138. LEED and the Passive House Movement, April 1, 20139. Passive House + CoGen, April 8, 201310. Generative Architecture, Responsive Design, April 15, 2013Part 3: Concept Development and Final Presentations11. Concept strengthening – design thinking exercises, business casebuilding, April 22, 201312. Final Presentations with guest critics, April 29, 2013 8, 2013April 2  
  3. 3. PLACES TO INTERVENE IN A SYSTEM: 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards)11. The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows10. The structure of material stocks and flows (transport networks, population age structures)9. Length of delays, relative to the rate of system change8. The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against7. The gain around driving positive feedback loops6. The structure of information flows (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information)5. The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishments, constraints)4. The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure3. The goals of the system2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system – its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arises1. The power to transcend paradigmsApril 8, 2013 3  
  4. 4. 2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system –its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arisesThe shared idea in the minds of society, thegreat big unstated assumptions—unstatedbecause unnecessary to state; everyone alreadyknows them—constitute that society’s paradigm,or deepest set of beliefs about how the worldworks.-D. Meadows. April 8, 2013 4  
  5. 5. What paradigmatic assumptions do we follow?There is a difference between nouns and verbs.Money measures something real and has meaning.(people who are paid less are literally worth less).Growth is good.Nature is a stock of resources to be converted forhuman purposes. One can own the land. 8, 2013April 5  
  6. 6. Paradigms are the sources of systemsFrom them, form shared social agreements about thenature of reality, come system goals and informationflows, feedbacks, stocks, flows, and everything elseabout systems. April 8, 2013 6  
  7. 7. The material apparatus around youRalph Waldo Emerson “War” Boston, 1838. Reprinted in Emerson’s Complete Works, vol. XI. 1887. April 8, 2013 7  
  8. 8. Why do we build skyscrapersThe ancient Egyptians built pyramids because they believedin an afterlife. We build skyscrapers because we believe thatspace in downtown cities is enormously valuable.April 8, 2013
  9. 9. Who has changed paradigms?Whether it was Copernicus and Kepler showing that the earthis not the center of the universeOr Einstein hypothesizing that matter and energy areinterchangableOr Adam Smith postulating that the selfish actions ofindividual players in markets wonderfully accumulate to thecommon goodPeople who have managed to intervene in systems at the levelof paradigm have hit a leverage point that totally transformssystems. April 8, 2013 9  
  10. 10. So how do you change paradigms?D. Meadows paraphrasing Thomas Kuhn: You keep pointing at the anomalies and failures in the oldparadigm, you keep speaking louder and with assurance fromthe new one, you insert people with the new paradigm inplaces of public visibility and power. You don’t waste time with reactionaries; rather you work withactive change agents and with the vast middle groun of peoplewho are open minded. 10  April 8, 2013
  11. 11. BUILDINGS:FAILURES ANDANOMOLIES BODIES & BUILDINGS 11  
  12. 12. GLOBAL SUPPLY 12  April 8, 2013
  13. 13. ASSIGNMENT:APRIL 15 13  April 8, 2013
  14. 14. Buildings through the lens of science 14  April 8, 2013
  15. 15. ParallelsBodies: Buildings: 15  April 8, 2013
  16. 16. “New starts” is a sign of economicprogress 16  April 8, 2013
  17. 17. Failure of measures 17  April 8, 2013
  18. 18. More work needed for feedback loops 18  April 8, 2013
  19. 19. More work needed for feedback loops 19  April 8, 2013
  20. 20. More work needed for feedback loops 20  April 8, 2013
  21. 21. ASSIGNMENT Concept source and exploration? What part of the system of how we care for bodies, or how wemake and maintain our buildings, interests you the most? What are the anomalies and failures that irk you?What possibilities do you see? 21  April 8, 2013
  22. 22. READINGPick any one of the “Facsicles” from ArtFarm on architecturetheory: http://www.archfarm.org/en/ 22  April 8, 2013
  23. 23. LINKS AND PRESENTATION Today’s class presentation is available http://www.slideshare.net/bettybluegreen/bodies-and-buildings-nyu-itp-4-8-2013 23  April 8, 2013

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