Bodies and buildings nyu itp 1 28 13

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Class 1: Intro to Systems Thinking

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Bodies and buildings nyu itp 1 28 13

  1. 1. BODIES &BUILDINGSNYU ITP LECTURE COURSE SPRING 2013CLASS 1: JANUARY 28, 2014JEN VAN DER MEER @JENVANDERMEER WWW.JENVANDERMEER.COM
  2. 2. TODAYFUN CLASS EXERCISEJanuary 27, 2013 2  
  3. 3. WHO ARE WEWho are you?January 27, 2013 3  
  4. 4. COURSE THESISBODIES & BUILDINGSJanuary 28, 2013 4  
  5. 5. BODIES +We have made huge strides in life expectancy, but we havereached limits of growth. January 28, 2013 5  
  6. 6. BODIESWe have made huge strides in life expectancy, but we havereached limits of growth. January 28, 2013 6  
  7. 7. BODIES Bodies are in trouble right now –despite reaching the peak ofproductivity the US now leads theworld in the rampant growth ofchronic diseases that lower lifeexpectancy, and reduce life quality.“People are living longer thanprojected in 1990 -- on average,10.7 more years for men, and 12.6more years for women. But formany of them, the quality of lifeduring those years is not good. Onaverage, people are plagued byillness or pain during the last 14years of life.”January 28, 2013 7  
  8. 8. BUILDINGSNew Yorkers life a less carbon-emitting life than most. January 28, 2013 8  
  9. 9. BUILDINGSBut we live and work inbuildings. January 28, 2013 9  
  10. 10. BUILDINGSBuildings account for the largestsource of both electricity consumption(68% of global use) and greenhousegas emissions (48% of globalemissions) in the world. –UNEP. 10  January 28, 2013
  11. 11. WHY IS IT SO HARDTO CARE FOR OURPLANET ANDOURSELVES?WE SEEM HUNGOVER FROM A CENTURY OF PROSPERITY ANDINGENUITY, UNABLE TO INVENT ECONOMIC MODELS THATCREATE JOBS, IMPROVE HEALTH, AND RESTORE THE EARTH. 11  January 28, 2013
  12. 12. THE TROUGH OF DESPAIRTHEPATH TO ENLIGHTENMENTGartner’s Technology Hype Cycle 12  January 28, 2013
  13. 13. TEAM BUILDING DYNAMICThe full cycle of a team’s development 13  January 28, 2013
  14. 14. STARTUP CURVEPaul Graham’s take on the hype cycle 14  January 28, 2013
  15. 15. VONNEGUT AT THEBLACKBOARDTHE TRUTH IS, WE KNOW SO LITTLE ABOUT LIFE,WE DON’T REALLY KNOW WHAT THE GOOD NEWS ISAND WHAT THE BAD NEWS IS. 15  January 28, 2013
  16. 16. MAN IN HOLE GOOD FORTUNE BEGINNING END MAN IN HOLE ILL FORTUNE 16  January 28, 2013
  17. 17. KAFKA GOOD FORTUNE BEGINNING END KAFKA ILL FORTUNE ∞ 17  January 28, 2013
  18. 18. BOY MEETS GIRL GOOD FORTUNE BEGINNING END ILL FORTUNE BOY MEETS GIRL 18  January 28, 2013
  19. 19. CINDARELLA GOOD FORTUNE ∞ BEGINNING END CINDARELLA ILL FORTUNE 19  January 28, 2013
  20. 20. DON’T DESPAIR Purpose of this course: You are better equipped than MBAs to envision and hack ourway out of this trap, but often lack an understanding of themega forces of business, regulation, and bad cultural habitsthat keep us from saving ourselves. What we will cover in this course: •  Meta view•  Focus on points of intervention •  Conceptual scaffolding 20  January 27, 2013
  21. 21. LEVERAGE POINTSDONALLA (DANA) MEADOWS1941-2001 21  January 28, 2013
  22. 22. “Folks who do systems analysis have agreat belief in “leverage points.” Theseare places within a complexsystem (a corporation, an economy, aliving body, a city, an ecosystem) wherea small shift in one thing canproduce big change ineverything .LEVERAGE POINTS. 22  January 28, 2013
  23. 23. THE NEARLY EFFORTLESS WAY TO CUT THROUGHOR LEAP OVER HUGE OBSTACLES. 23  January 28, 2013
  24. 24. We not only want to believe that thereare leverage points, we want to knowwhere they are and how to get ourhands on them. LEVERAGE POINTS ARE POINTS OF POWER. 24  January 28, 2013
  25. 25. But leverage points and how to pushthem are counterintuitive. 25  January 28, 2013
  26. 26. PLACES TO INTERVENE IN A SYSTEM: 12. Constants, parameters, numbers (subsidies, taxes, standards)11. The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows10. The structure of material stocks and flows (transport networks, population age structures)9. Length of delays, relative to the rate of system change8. The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against7. The gain around driving positive feedback loops6. The structure of information flows (who does and does not have access to what kinds of information)5. The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishments, constraints)4. The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure3. The goals of the system2. The mindset or paradigm out of which the system – its goals, power structure, rules, its culture-arises1. The power to transcend paradigms 26  January 28, 2013
  27. 27. YOUR FIRST SYSTEMS DIAGRAM ENERGY HEALTH WATER TRUST POLAR BEARS 27  January 28, 2013
  28. 28. 1. BATHTUB PARAMETERS 28  January 28, 2013
  29. 29. HANDS ON THE FAUCETS“Putting different hands on the faucets may change the rate at which the faucets turn, but ifthey’re the same old faucets, plumbed into the same old system, turned according to the sameold informaiton and goals and rules, the system isn’t going to change much.” 29  January 28, 2013
  30. 30. STOMACH PARAMETERS 30  January 28, 2013
  31. 31. NYC APARTMENT HEAT PARAMETERS 31  January 28, 2013
  32. 32. PARAMETERS ARE THE LEASTPOWERFUL LEVERS. PEOPLE CARE DEEPLY AND FIGHT FIERCELY. BUTTHEY RARELY CHANGE BEHAVIOR. 32  January 28, 2013
  33. 33. WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OFPARAMETERS? 33  January 28, 2013
  34. 34. 2. THE SIZE OF THE BUFFERS 34  January 28, 2013
  35. 35. THE SIZE OF THE BUFFERSWATER TOWER 35  January 28, 2013
  36. 36. FISH 36  January 28, 2013
  37. 37. THE SIZE OF THE BUFFERSCHEESE SUBSIDIES 37  January 28, 2013
  38. 38. BUFFERS ARE OFTENEXPENSIVE TO MAINTAIN, ANDNOT EASY TO CHANGE 38  January 28, 2013
  39. 39. WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OFBUFFERS? 39  January 28, 2013
  40. 40. 3. THE STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL STOCKSAND FLOWS AND NODES OF INTERSECTION GREEN AREA AROUND LONDON 40  January 28, 2013
  41. 41. THE STRUCTURE OF MATERIAL STOCKS ANDFLOWS AND NODES OF INTERSECTION PS 3 VS PS 41 41  January 28, 2013
  42. 42. 42  January 28, 2013
  43. 43. 43  
  44. 44. 44  
  45. 45. Physical structure is crucial in a system, butrarely a leverage point, because changing it israrely simple. The leverage point is in properdesign in the first place. After the structure isbuilt, the leverage is in understanding itslimitations and bottlenecks and refraining fromfluctuations or expansions that strain itscapacity. 45  January 28, 2013
  46. 46. WHAT ARE EXAMPLESMATERIAL STOCKS ANDFLOWS? 46  January 28, 2013
  47. 47. YOU ARE 25%THROUGH YOURSYSTEMS THINKINGINTRO PAUSE 47  January 27, 2013
  48. 48. WHAT TO EXPECTFROM THIS COURSE 48  January 27, 2013
  49. 49. WHAT YOU WILL GET FROM METhis is a lecture course, and the syllabus is built to provide students witha systems thinking approach to problem solving. The objective for thefinal presentations is for students to generate a concept thatcan be applied to improve human health, building health, orboth. The goal is for students to articulate a solution, and arguepersuasively for ideas to become reality (vs. moving straight toworking prototype in usual ITP fashion). Assignments will involve inperson class presentation, and class participation is required. The courseis structured to provide iterative opportunities to build andstrengthen ideas – rooted in user-centered design, grounded in therealities of sustainable cost models and growth plans, strengthened bystudents’ ability to stand up and tell their stories. 49  January 28, 2013
  50. 50. HOW THIS COURSE IS STRUCTURED Mid Bodies term Buildings Finals 50  January 28, 2013
  51. 51. HOW THIS COURSE IS STRUCTURED1. Introduction to systems thinking, January 28, 2013 Part 2: BuildingsReading: Leverage Points: Places to Intervene in a System 6. Clean Tech Failures, Clean Tech Long Term View, March 11, 2013Part 1: Bodies Reading: Why the Clean Tech Boom Went Bust by Juliet Eilperin, Wired2. Bodies – The Obesity Epidemic, February 4, 2013 Transforming Clean Tech into Main Tech by Vinod Khosla, ForbesReading: 2012 World Happiness Report -Spring Break March 18- Mindfulness and the Quantified Self 7. LEED and the Passive House Movement, March 25, 2013A counter view of Weight Watchers by a long time member at Jezebel Understanding Citizen Science and Environmental Monitoring3. Bodies – The Open Health Data Movement, February 11, 2013 8. Field Trip: Passive House(s), April 1, 2013Reading: US CTO seeks to scale agile thinking and open data across federalgovernment via Strata Rx TBD – on site visit to a passive house build or retrofitVideo: Anything with US CTO Todd Park (formerly CTO HHS) on open data 9. Generative Architecture, Responsive Design, April 8, 2013and health care, such as this one: Changing Behavior and Changing Policies:Todd Park Readings from: Shaping Things by Bruce Sterling- President’s Day February 18, 2013 - The Architecture of a Well-Tempered Environment by Reyner Banham4. Bodies – Beginning of Life Care, End of Life Care, February 25, 2013 Phase 3: Concept Development and Final PresentationsSelected Readings from Wit: A Play by Margaret Edson. 1999. Faber andFaber. 10. Concept strengthening – design thinking exercises, business case building, April 15, 20135. Quick Concept Pitches: Solving for Privacy in Health Tech,March 4, 2013 11. Final Presentations (1) with guest critics, April 22, 2013(5 minute in class presentations and feedback) 12. Final Presentations (2) with guest critics, April 29, 2013 51   anuary 28, 2013J
  52. 52. TIME COMMITMENT, WHAT TO EXPECT.Core classes: •  Reading: 30 min – 1 hour per week•  Essay/assignments writing – 2-4 hours per week•  Practice speaking – 30 min to 1 hour per weekPresentation classes:•  Concept presentation research 20 hours•  Concept presentation development 10-20 hours•  Concept presentation rehearsal 3 hours 52  January 28, 2013
  53. 53. CLASS ASSIGNMENTSWeekly assignments – written 1-2 page essays will beannounced DURING CLASS. And posted to updated syllabus. Syllabus is located here: jenvandermeer.com/xxxxPresentation assignments – visual presentation or demo. Youmay build on existing Thesis or other class projects. Two or more of you can build off of the same class projectsBUT you must prepare your own concept presentation,essays, and present to the class individually. 53  January 28, 2013
  54. 54. SEE YOU NEXT MONDAYClass assignment for 2/4/2013Mandatory! Read ALL OF Donella Meadows: Leverage Points: Places to Intervene in a System Take leverage points 9, 8, 7. Write a 1 page or 500-6000 word essay on the following topic: How do mobile apps try to affect leverage points 9, 8, and 7. 9) The length of delays, relative to the rate of system change8) The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to impacts they are tryingto correct against7) The gain around driving positive feedback loopsGive one example and explain how the app is or is not designed to affect eachof these leverage points. How effective do you think this app will be atchanging behavior? You will be asked to present your work, so practice rehearsing your in classpresentation at least two times. 54  January 28, 2013

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