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Improving Citizens' Safety with Citizen-Sensing Technologies


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The presentation shows how citizen sensing technologies can be used to improve safety and security standards in urban area. An example of software solution is discussed: Mobile Information and Citizen-Sensing is a system developed by BetterSolutions in ACCUS research and development project that allows for both citizen sensing and citizen actuation.

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Improving Citizens' Safety with Citizen-Sensing Technologies

  1. 1. Improving Citizens’ Safety with Citizen-Sensing Technologies Mateusz Bonecki Ph.D. BetterSolutions S-37 Building Urban Security through Citizens’ Participation Gdańsk: June 25-27, 2014
  2. 2. 1.  Mobile Information and Citizen-Sensing (MICS) 2.  Citizens as a Source of Information 3.  Information Processing in MICS 4.  MICS Architecture 5.  Citizen-Sensing and Citizen Actuation 6.  Municipal Services 7.  MICS in ACCUS Project 8.  MICS in ACCUS Architecture 9.  Benefits 10.  Contact Contents
  3. 3. Mobile Information and Citizen-Sensing (MICS) subsystem offers a two-way information exchange between citizens and urban ecosystem. Basic capabilities of MICS are: §  ability to gather and expose data from citizen-sensors (Citizen-Sensing capability) §  ability to broadcast information to citizens (Information Broadcast capability) Mobile Information and Citizen-Sensing
  4. 4. MICS system allows citizens to: §  report sudden and emergency incidents to appropriate emergency service §  report disorder or public property devastation to appropriate municipal service §  suggest improvements in city area §  receive context-aware information (e.g. emergency, accident, harsh weather, traffic) Citizens as a Source of Information
  5. 5. Typical urban events that are sent to citizens’ mobile devices are: §  car accident, flood warnings, heavy weather, energy shortage, traffic jam, mass event, road surface conditions, air quality, noise level and more §  list of events can be further expanded: it depends on the needs of the municipality and availability of additional information-providing systems Citizens can report many different issues and events: §  health deterioration, car accident, traffic jams, pavement defects, destroyed public property, graffiti, etc. §  sense of danger (information that is not considered as a emergency report but indicates that citizens do not feel safe in given area) §  any other type of event or issue can be added as a report category for citizens Information Processing in MICS (1)
  6. 6. Both event-notification broadcasts and citizen-sensing reports can include: §  geo-location data §  photo and graphic components §  video With the use of geo-fencing: §  MICS services are context-sensitive: information is delivered only to those citizens who actually need it (e.g. based on their actual location or preferences) §  all events reported and broadcasted through MICS can be geo-located and displayed on urban area map Information Processing in MICS (2)
  7. 7. MICS Architecture MICS system   MICS User Interface reportingnotifications mHelp mobile app other systems integration
  8. 8. Citizen-sensing and citizen-actuation: §  citizens as mobile sensors: users input data via mHelp mobile application installed on their mobile devices §  recomendations sent to citizens may request certain behaviour (e.g. avoid flooded area, do not speed because of the glaze) Citizen-Sensing and Citizen Actuation
  9. 9. The city or region authorities or any other authorized body will be able to: §  broadcast safety and security or quality of living related information to citizens (application end-users) §  process and use information and data gathered by citizens (reports, tables, data export) Municipal Services
  10. 10. MICS in ACCUS Project ACCUS, i.e. Adaptive Cooperative Control in Urban (sub)Sytems, is ARTEMIS research and development project. See for details. Urban systems that operate in different domains (traffic, energy, outdoor lighting, safety and security) are usually managed by isolated and self- contained embedded systems while processes they cover are deeply interconnected. Therefore ACCUS seeks to link these systems together through Integration and Coordination Platform (ICP) in order to provide cross-domain applications and collective optimization methodology. In ACCUS project BetterSolutions will connect MICS system to ICP. This will enable MICS to automatically send and receive data from other urban subsystems.
  11. 11. MICS in ACCUS Architecture ! Example Flood has been detected by one of ACCUS-connected subsystems. Data regarding that event are stored in CSDB (City States Database). City Activity Stream application (developed by BetterSolutions) uses event detection and creates event packages to be broadcasted to citizens. Events are delivered to Mobile Information and Citizen-Sensing subsystem and further to citizens who have subscribed to that event category (e.g. emergency and alert notifications).
  12. 12. §  MICS provides valuable information which could be processed and used by municipal services and city departments. §  Information on sense of danger, destroyed public property, and other forms of disorder could be used (e.g. by police, municipal police) to improve quality of living and to increase safety and security standards in the city. §  The city authorities (e.g. crisis management department) could broadcast information regarding traffic jams, mass events, harsh weather, or environmental conditions or any other events that may affect citizens’ quality of living or safety and security. §  Citizen-sensing shall also increase the level of civic engagement and improve communication between citizens and local authorities. Benefits
  13. 13. Mateusz Bonecki Ph.D. E-mail: BetterSolutions Olivia Business Centre Al. Grunwaldzka 472 80-309 Gdańsk Poland (PL) Contact