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Historia De La Computadora

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Actividad que puede ser usada en el curso de 1er año del Ciclo Básico. Sencillo resumen de la "prehistoria" e historia de la computadora.
Imágenes e información extraídas del Diccionario de Computación, de Freedman-5ª edición- Elaborada por Elizabeth Díaz (maestra y profesora de Informática)

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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Historia De La Computadora

  1. 1. HISTORIA DE LA COMPUTADORA
  2. 2. ¿ Sabes cuándo todo empezó ?
  3. 3. El ábaco <ul><li>El más antiguo aparato de cálculo viene de abakos (superficie plana) y surgió hace 3000 años, antes J.C. </li></ul>
  4. 4. La pascalina - 1642 <ul><li>Primera máquina de calcular mecánica, inventada por Blaise Pascal. </li></ul>sumaba restaba + -
  5. 5. La calculadora universal <ul><li>Gottfried Leibniz la diseña en 1671, y, tras sucesivas modificacio- nes la da por termina-da en 1694 . (rueda escalada de Leibniz) </li></ul>+ - / . . x 
  6. 6. Máquina de diferencias <ul><li>Ideada por Charles Babbage, en 1821 . Capaz de calcular polinomios de sexto grado, y tabular me- canicamente hasta veinte cifras y ocho decimales. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Máquina analítica - 1833 <ul><li>La máquina analítica fue una creación de Charles Babbage; comprende el proyecto más ambicioso de la prehistoria de la computación. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Primer sistema de procesamiento de datos; su utili-zación en el censo de 1890 (EEUU) permitió su finalización en dos años. La empresa Tabulating Machhine Company la comercializó y dio origen a la IBM ( fusionándose con otra).
  9. 9. ASCC- MARK I <ul><li>Howard Aiken (1944), con la ayuda de IBM, com- pleta el proyecto de la primera computadora electro- mecánica (Automatic Sequence Controller Calculator) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Culmina así la prehistoria de la computación...
  11. 11. GENERACIONES DE COMPUTADORAS
  12. 12. 1era generación Usaban válvulas
  13. 13. 1era generación ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator Primer computador digital electrónico (1946). 18000 tubos de vacío - 170 metros cuadrados - base decimal 5000 sumas por segundo
  14. 14. 1era generación EDSAC Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator - 1949 Programa almacenado - numeración binaria Usaba cinta de papel para entrada y salida
  15. 15. 1era generación UNIVersal Automatic Computer - 1951- Remington Rand Memoria com capacidad hasta para 1000 números de 12 dígitos Empleaba cintas magnéticas
  16. 16. 2da generación Usaban transistores 1952 - 64 Menor tamaño, menos calor, mayor rapidez.
  17. 17. 2da generación 1era computadora digital (1959) - 120.000 dólares- 1ª con unidad de disco -IBM 1956 1961- 1era “supercomputadora” transistorizada -IBM
  18. 18. 3era generación 1964 - 71 El componente utilizado era el chip - circuito integrado. 1965 Procesador programado de datos
  19. 19. 4ta generación 1971 ... Usan microchips, lo que hace que estén al alcance de muchas personas. Se integran redes computacionales Aparecen muchos lenguajes de programación
  20. 20. 1983- Apple rebautizada como Mac XL terminó como una Macintosh 4ta generación Star - Xerox- 1981
  21. 21. 5ta generación Trabajos actuales... Aparecen los microcomputadores y ordenadores personales Son proyectos de investigación a largo plazo... No tendrán teclados... Es probable que escriban sus propios progamas
  22. 22. Pero esta historia no termina aquí… ¿qué tendremos aún?

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