The Ascent of the Japanese Empire


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Between the Wars

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The Ascent of the Japanese Empire

  1. 1.  First Sino-Japanese War 1894-5  Treaty of Shimonoseki  The Liaodong Peninsula and the island of Taiwan was gained by Taiwan Russo-Japanese War 1904-5  Treaty of Portmouth  Japan gains the southern half of the Sakhalin usland and mineral rights in Manchuria Occupation of Korean 1910-1945  Begins in 1910  March 1st Movement (1919)  Much harsher occupation after that
  2. 2.  1800s  The Opium Wars  Open Door Policy  The Boxer Rebellion The Republic of China  Formed in Nanjing March 12, 1912  Sun Yat-sen is President, Yuan Shikai quickly replaced him, but not a smooth transition  May Fourth Movement, 1919 Civil War Develops  Kuomintang Party (Nationalist) – Sun Yat-sen (dies from cancer in 1925), then Chiang Kai-shek  Communist Party – Mao Zedong (Tse-tung)  Most famous event occurs when the Nationalists chase the Communists on the Long March and the Communists retreat and establish a base in a Northwestern section of China
  3. 3.  The Manchurian Incident – September 1931  Japanese railway is attacked, Japanese claim Chinese dissidents are to blame, use it as an excuse to invade Japanese invade Manchuria, name it Manchukuo 1933 – Japanese attack the Great Wall region July 7, 1937 - full scale invasion of China  Beijing, Shanghai, and Nanjung all fall  Rape of Nanjing China will be on the allies side in WW II Japanese will surrender their Chinese holdings in 1945, once they surrender to the US
  4. 4.  Death toll: at least 300.000 More than 190,000 civilians and Chinese soldiers killed with machine guns 150,000 were killed in other barbaric fashions  Contest between two soldiers to see who could kill 100 people with a sword Japanese soldiers were later prosecuted and sentenced to death in 1947