Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
   Motivations?       Gold, Glory, and God!   Hispaniola (Haiti and Dom. Rep.),    Cuba, and Puerto Rico   Native Amer...
 Francisco Pizarro – finds the  Incan empire in the midst of  civil war and easily takes  over Spanish forces stretch fr...
 Stretched from California to S. America Catholic Church played a key role – see it  as a perfect opportunity to spread ...
• Peninsulares – Iberian descent, top gvt and  Cath Ch• Creoles – American born, own plantations,ranches, and mines• Mesti...
• Priest who wrote letter to the king  condemning the encomienda system• King bans enslavement of the Natives• Spain and P...
 Brazil is their biggest colony Also use Africans and the Native  Americans to work sugar plantations
 The rest of Europe is very frustrated by  Spain’s control over colonial trade Privateers (pirates) who were Dutch,  Eng...
 Samuel de Champlain – first permanent  settlement, Quebec, Canada – 1608 New France Louis XIV, powerful absolutist (an...
 Jamestown, Virginia – 1607 Plymouth, Massachusetts - 1620 1600 and 1700s – 13 English colonies  established    › Comme...
 Spain, Netherlands,  Portugal, England, and  France France and England  emerge as major powers  during the 1700s Carib...
Colonizing the Americas
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Colonizing the Americas

2,095 views

Published on

World History
Colonizing the Americas - Synopsis

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Colonizing the Americas

  1. 1.  Motivations?  Gold, Glory, and God! Hispaniola (Haiti and Dom. Rep.), Cuba, and Puerto Rico Native Americans – suffered terribly as they contracted European diseases Hernan Cortes – Mexico in 1519, headed to Tenochtitlan › Formed alliances with groups that didn’t like the Aztecs to rally an army › Moctezuma welcomes him into the capital, quickly don’t get along › Spaniards pushed out, retreat and plan, return and conquer Tenochtitlan – Mexico City
  2. 2.  Francisco Pizarro – finds the Incan empire in the midst of civil war and easily takes over Spanish forces stretch from Ecuador to Chile and continue adding most of the rest of S. America (except Brazil) Reasons for Spaniards success? › Superior military technology (horses, gun powder, and thick armor) › Diseases of the Europeans
  3. 3.  Stretched from California to S. America Catholic Church played a key role – see it as a perfect opportunity to spread Christianity – Jesuits help a great deal Economic Benefits are HUGE: › Raw materials exported back to Europe › Colonies can only by Spanish manufactured goods › Silver and gold brought back by the shiploads › Sugar cane plantations › Encomienda system (labor from locals)
  4. 4. • Peninsulares – Iberian descent, top gvt and Cath Ch• Creoles – American born, own plantations,ranches, and mines• Mestizos – Native American + European• Mulattoes – African + European• Lowest Classes – Native American and then Africans
  5. 5. • Priest who wrote letter to the king condemning the encomienda system• King bans enslavement of the Natives• Spain and Portugal turn to Africa for labor
  6. 6.  Brazil is their biggest colony Also use Africans and the Native Americans to work sugar plantations
  7. 7.  The rest of Europe is very frustrated by Spain’s control over colonial trade Privateers (pirates) who were Dutch, English and French begin preying on Spanish ships carrying supplies (esp. gold and silver) European governments often encouraged and facilitated the privateers › Ex. Queen Elizabeth and Sir Francis Drake
  8. 8.  Samuel de Champlain – first permanent settlement, Quebec, Canada – 1608 New France Louis XIV, powerful absolutist (and Catholic) French King – prohibits Protestants from settling in France. By early 1700s French forts, missions, and trading posts stretch from Quebec to Lousiana
  9. 9.  Jamestown, Virginia – 1607 Plymouth, Massachusetts - 1620 1600 and 1700s – 13 English colonies established › Commercial ventures › Havens for religious persecution
  10. 10.  Spain, Netherlands, Portugal, England, and France France and England emerge as major powers during the 1700s Caribbean, North America, and India › Seven Years War – (French and Indian War in N. America, 7 yrs war in India) › 1763 – Treaty of Paris  Britain gets land East of the Mississippi River, France gets Canada  France forced out of India  France gains some sugar- producing islands in the Caribbean

×