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THE PARALEGAL’S GUIDE TO GOING     BEYOND BASIC SEARCH: Tapping into Google’s Full Potential for            Legal Research
Going Beyond Basic Search: Tapping intoGoogle’s Full Potential for Legal Research       Essential search tips and product...
Part 1Essential search tips and productivity toolsfor using Google’s basic search effectively
Check Your Settings!
How to Change Your Settings    Do a Search FIRST!                         Click on gear                         to bring u...
Search Settings: Search Results
Search Settings: Search Results
Search Settings:   Google Search                   automatically returnsLanguages          results in the                 ...
Search Settings: Location
My location is set toBaltimore, MD so my results arein that area     Check & change location quickly by clicking here
Use Boolean Searching(and/or other search strategies)
Boolean Logic   A system developed by mathematician    George Boole during the 19th century that uses    a series of conn...
Boolean Connectors: AND   Google Default   All of the keywords are present     Search:  probate law     Results: Both ...
Boolean Connectors: OR   One keyword or the other, or both keywords    are present     Search:   probate OR trust law   ...
Boolean Connectors: NOT (-)   No results with this keyword are returned     Search:   Anne Tyler –author -novel     Ret...
Word Stemming (and un-stemming)                 Searching for                 constitutional                 will also fin...
Proximity Searching:Asterisk (*)/ Wildcard   Search: Elizabeth * Holmes   Results: Include:     Elizabeth Geesey Holmes...
Proximity Searching:Asterisk (*)/ Wildcard
Phrase Searching: “ “   Use for searching exact phrases or words   Use to stop Google from stemming   Enter your phrase...
Navigate your search results
What if I just want News Articles?Sidebar fornarrowing yoursearch
Results limited to NEWS
Other               Ads related to thissearches            searchrelated tothis searchLinks to AdvancedSearch & SearchHelp
When to Use Basic Search, and  Some Other Tips & Tricks
Use Basic Search As…   Your starting point     Then narrow results, or use Boolean search      operators to get more rel...
Use Basic Search As…   A tool to look up simple facts     Population  Ecuador     President Poland     Capitol of Mass...
Use Basic Search As…   A calculator    7*2+4
Use Basic Search As…   A dictionary     define   res ipsa loquitur
Use Basic Search As…   A weather forecaster    weather 02806
A few other tips and tricks   Keep it simple   Think how the page you are looking for will be    written   Choose descr...
Part 2When and how to use Google’sadvanced search
I’m Curious   Have you used the      If you have not used    Advanced Search         it, why not?    page?              ...
How to get to Advanced Search                                  2. Click                                  on GEAR          ...
Limiting Results to Specific FileFormats   Enter your search words in the Boolean    search boxes at the top of the page...
Click onthe arrowto bring upthe dropdown menubox
Limiting Results to a Specific WebSite   Search one site (like wikipedia.org) or limit your    results to a domain like ....
Enter your searchterms       Limit to a domain or       domain type
AllResultsare fromdomainsending in.edu
A few more Hidden Features   Limiting results to where your search terms    appear in the website     In the title of th...
Two ways to limit by date           Basic                                    Searchupdated                             Sid...
Why Use Advanced Search   Indispensable in refining your searches to    bring the relevant results to the first pages    ...
Part 3Finding legal materials using GoogleScholar
What is Google Scholar?   Specialized search that retrieves results from a    separate database   Includes:    Articles,...
How to get to Google Scholar   Go to: (http://scholar.google.com/)                          OR   In Basic Google type in...
Old “Look” for Google Scholar main page                                      Link to                                      ...
New “modern look” Google Scholar MainPage                                  Settings                                  are s...
Important Preference Settings                            Default to search legal opinions                            and j...
What legal research material can I findhere?   Federal and State case law   Legal journal articles
Where does it come from?   Google’s own database   Google also links to alternate sources for    some cases, such as Cor...
Google Scholar Case CoverageU.S. State appellate and   1950-presentsupreme Court caseopinionsU.S. Federal district,     19...
Searching Google Scholar byTopic
Click on the arrow to get to the advanced search boxesDo not forget tocheck the radiobutton to searchlegal documents
Click X to              close              Advanced              search              boxesAdvanced searchboxes are the sam...
Search results not limited. Legaldocuments is highlighted. To limitby jurisdiction chose the selectcourts button to chose ...
First result                 is one of                 the key                 cases for                 this topicSidebar...
Navigating Google Scholar Search Results
Name & citation of caseNavigatebetween views.Current view isREAD
2    Navigate between views.1   Current view is HOW    CITED                                  3
Search by Citation   Enter the bluebook form of the citation into the    Find articles with the exact phrase box on    th...
Searching by Party Name Enter the party names into the Find  articles with the exact phrase box. Only use the letter v a...
Searching by Judge   Enter the judge’s last name into the search    box labeled Return articles written by.   On the res...
Google Scholar for LegalResearch: PROS   Hyperlinked case citations   Fast and accurate search results   Relevancy as g...
Google Scholar for LegalResearch: CONS   Search results based on Google’s system for    ranking search results rather tha...
“Have fun and keep googling.”~Larry Page and Sergey Brin in a note on the new google.com(1998)
Contact InformationElizabeth Geesey HolmesLibrarianPartridge Snow & Hahn LLPegh@psh.comEGHresearch@gmail.comhttp://www.eli...
Resources   Official Google Blog    (http://googleblog.blogspot.com/)   Google Help Center    (http://support.google.com...
More Resources   Google Scholar Help    (http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/help.ht    ml)   Advanced Scholar Sea...
Even More Resources   “Google Scholar Advanced Legal Research    Tips” by Josh Camson on Lawyerist.com    http://lawyeris...
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research
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Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research

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Presentation at the 14th annual paralegal conference hosted by MCLE in Boston, MA on June 21, 2012

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Beyond Basic Searching: Tapping into Google's Full Potential for Legal Research

  1. 1. THE PARALEGAL’S GUIDE TO GOING BEYOND BASIC SEARCH: Tapping into Google’s Full Potential for Legal Research
  2. 2. Going Beyond Basic Search: Tapping intoGoogle’s Full Potential for Legal Research  Essential search tips and productivity tools for using Google’s basic search effectively  When and how to use Google’s advanced search  Finding legal materials using Google Scholar Thursday, June 21 Presented by Elizabeth Geesey Holmes
  3. 3. Part 1Essential search tips and productivity toolsfor using Google’s basic search effectively
  4. 4. Check Your Settings!
  5. 5. How to Change Your Settings Do a Search FIRST! Click on gear to bring up search settings
  6. 6. Search Settings: Search Results
  7. 7. Search Settings: Search Results
  8. 8. Search Settings: Google Search automatically returnsLanguages results in the language you choose for Google product text. You can also request results in other languages. If you don’t select any other language you will only get results if the page is in English
  9. 9. Search Settings: Location
  10. 10. My location is set toBaltimore, MD so my results arein that area Check & change location quickly by clicking here
  11. 11. Use Boolean Searching(and/or other search strategies)
  12. 12. Boolean Logic A system developed by mathematician George Boole during the 19th century that uses a series of connectors to define relationships between objects
  13. 13. Boolean Connectors: AND Google Default All of the keywords are present  Search: probate law  Results: Both the term probate and the term law
  14. 14. Boolean Connectors: OR One keyword or the other, or both keywords are present  Search: probate OR trust law  Results: will all have the term law combined with either the word trust or probate NOTE: You must capitalize OR otherwise Google will treat it as a stop word and ignore it
  15. 15. Boolean Connectors: NOT (-) No results with this keyword are returned  Search: Anne Tyler –author -novel  Returns results with the keywords Anne and Tyler, but without the keyword author, and without the word novel  Use this strategy to find results for your former classmate Anne Tyler, but not for the novelist Anne Tyler
  16. 16. Word Stemming (and un-stemming) Searching for constitutional will also find the words: constitution and constitutions
  17. 17. Proximity Searching:Asterisk (*)/ Wildcard Search: Elizabeth * Holmes Results: Include:  Elizabeth Geesey Holmes  Elizabeth G Holmes, BUT also  Elizabeth Spencer, Amy Holmes
  18. 18. Proximity Searching:Asterisk (*)/ Wildcard
  19. 19. Phrase Searching: “ “ Use for searching exact phrases or words Use to stop Google from stemming Enter your phrase or word in quotation marks  Search: Ed Braks  Results: Ed, Edward, Breaks – not Braks  Search: Ed “Braks”  Results: Ed, Edward and Braks – NO Breaks
  20. 20. Navigate your search results
  21. 21. What if I just want News Articles?Sidebar fornarrowing yoursearch
  22. 22. Results limited to NEWS
  23. 23. Other Ads related to thissearches searchrelated tothis searchLinks to AdvancedSearch & SearchHelp
  24. 24. When to Use Basic Search, and Some Other Tips & Tricks
  25. 25. Use Basic Search As… Your starting point  Then narrow results, or use Boolean search operators to get more relevant hits
  26. 26. Use Basic Search As… A tool to look up simple facts  Population Ecuador  President Poland  Capitol of Massachusetts
  27. 27. Use Basic Search As… A calculator 7*2+4
  28. 28. Use Basic Search As… A dictionary  define res ipsa loquitur
  29. 29. Use Basic Search As… A weather forecaster weather 02806
  30. 30. A few other tips and tricks Keep it simple Think how the page you are looking for will be written Choose descriptive words
  31. 31. Part 2When and how to use Google’sadvanced search
  32. 32. I’m Curious Have you used the  If you have not used Advanced Search it, why not? page?  A. I didn’t know  A. Yes about it  B. No  B. I am not an advanced searcher  C. I don’t need to use it.
  33. 33. How to get to Advanced Search 2. Click on GEAR Icon1. Do a Basic 3. ChooseSearch Advanced Search
  34. 34. Limiting Results to Specific FileFormats Enter your search words in the Boolean search boxes at the top of the page Scroll down to narrow your results by File Type Choose the file type from the drop down box  Example: Limit search results to .ppt to find presentations posted to the web by opposing experts.
  35. 35. Click onthe arrowto bring upthe dropdown menubox
  36. 36. Limiting Results to a Specific WebSite Search one site (like wikipedia.org) or limit your results to a domain like .edu, .org or .gov The command to do this in basic search is site:
  37. 37. Enter your searchterms Limit to a domain or domain type
  38. 38. AllResultsare fromdomainsending in.edu
  39. 39. A few more Hidden Features Limiting results to where your search terms appear in the website  In the title of the page  In the text of the page  In the URL of the page  In links to the page Limiting results by date updated
  40. 40. Two ways to limit by date Basic Searchupdated Sidebar Advanced Search Page
  41. 41. Why Use Advanced Search Indispensable in refining your searches to bring the relevant results to the first pages  Use to find results:  From a specific date range  In a different language  From a particular website  In a specific file format Fill in the box format means you don’t have to remember specific search commands
  42. 42. Part 3Finding legal materials using GoogleScholar
  43. 43. What is Google Scholar? Specialized search that retrieves results from a separate database Includes: Articles, Theses, Books, Abstracts, and Court Opinions From academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other scholarly web sites
  44. 44. How to get to Google Scholar Go to: (http://scholar.google.com/) OR In Basic Google type in the search: scholar  Your first result will be for Google Scholar
  45. 45. Old “Look” for Google Scholar main page Link to Advance d Search is still here Click here to try “modern look”
  46. 46. New “modern look” Google Scholar MainPage Settings are still here, but link to Advanced Search is gone Revert to “old venerable” look
  47. 47. Important Preference Settings Default to search legal opinions and journals Set number of results per page Open results in a new window Don’t forget to Save
  48. 48. What legal research material can I findhere? Federal and State case law Legal journal articles
  49. 49. Where does it come from? Google’s own database Google also links to alternate sources for some cases, such as Cornell’s Legal Information Institute, Justia and Public.Resource.org
  50. 50. Google Scholar Case CoverageU.S. State appellate and 1950-presentsupreme Court caseopinionsU.S. Federal district, 1923-presentappellate, tax andbankruptcy court caseopinionsU.S. Supreme Court case 1791-presentopinions
  51. 51. Searching Google Scholar byTopic
  52. 52. Click on the arrow to get to the advanced search boxesDo not forget tocheck the radiobutton to searchlegal documents
  53. 53. Click X to close Advanced search boxesAdvanced searchboxes are the sameas those in regularGoogle. Notice thereare no boxes forlimiting yourresults, just forsearching
  54. 54. Search results not limited. Legaldocuments is highlighted. To limitby jurisdiction chose the selectcourts button to chose the courtsyou want to search. Rhode Islandcourts is an option because it isthe last court I limited to in aprevious search.
  55. 55. First result is one of the key cases for this topicSidebar withoptions fornarrowing yoursearch results
  56. 56. Navigating Google Scholar Search Results
  57. 57. Name & citation of caseNavigatebetween views.Current view isREAD
  58. 58. 2 Navigate between views.1 Current view is HOW CITED 3
  59. 59. Search by Citation Enter the bluebook form of the citation into the Find articles with the exact phrase box on the Advanced Search page Search for your words appearing anywhere in the article
  60. 60. Searching by Party Name Enter the party names into the Find articles with the exact phrase box. Only use the letter v and not the whole word versus or the abbreviation vs. Limit where your words occur to “in the title of the article” On the results page limit by jurisdiction if relevant
  61. 61. Searching by Judge Enter the judge’s last name into the search box labeled Return articles written by. On the results page limit by jurisdiction.
  62. 62. Google Scholar for LegalResearch: PROS Hyperlinked case citations Fast and accurate search results Relevancy as good or better than commercial legal research services “How Cited” tab provides links to cases and scholarly documents that have cited your case Set up Alerts Send direct links to cases It’s FREE
  63. 63. Google Scholar for LegalResearch: CONS Search results based on Google’s system for ranking search results rather than actual importance of case Cannot easily tell if case is still good law. No index tool Statutes and Rules are not hyperlinked Lacks some older cases
  64. 64. “Have fun and keep googling.”~Larry Page and Sergey Brin in a note on the new google.com(1998)
  65. 65. Contact InformationElizabeth Geesey HolmesLibrarianPartridge Snow & Hahn LLPegh@psh.comEGHresearch@gmail.comhttp://www.elizabethgeeseyholmes.com/
  66. 66. Resources Official Google Blog (http://googleblog.blogspot.com/) Google Help Center (http://support.google.com/?hl=en) Nancy Backman’s Google Guide (http://www.googleguide.com/) Google for Lawyer’s by Carole Levitt and Mark Rosch Google Hacks by Tara Calishain and Rael Dornfest
  67. 67. More Resources Google Scholar Help (http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/help.ht ml) Advanced Scholar Search Tips (http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/refinese arch.html) Google Scholar Advanced Search (http://scholar.google.com/advanced_scholar_se arch?hl=en&as_sdt=2,40) Google Scholar Advanced Search Help (http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/refinese arch.html)
  68. 68. Even More Resources “Google Scholar Advanced Legal Research Tips” by Josh Camson on Lawyerist.com http://lawyerist.com/google-scholar-advanced- legal-research-tips/ “Advanced Search in Retreat” by Greg R. Notess in Information Today Online (http://www.infotoday.com/online/mar12/On-the- Net-Advanced-Search-in-Retreat.shtml) My website: http://www.elizabethgeeseyholmes.com

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