Take Tobacco Back - Keeping Tobacco Sacred

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A look at how Native Americans use tobacco as a sacred blessing, not a corporate product.

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  • Take Tobacco Back - Keeping Tobacco Sacred

    1. 1. Take Tobacco Back Traditional Use Modern Abuse
    2. 2. What is this about? <ul><li>This is a brief history of tobacco use in North America from 1492 to present day. </li></ul>WHAT IS THIS ABOUT? This is a brief history of tobacco use in North America from 1492 to present day. You will learn the difference between tobacco abuse and traditional use. We will also discuss ways we are affected by tobacco and how to apply what we learned here.
    3. 3. Traditional Tobacco <ul><li>There are over 563 federally recognized tribes in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the tribal nations have used various tobacco plants for such things as: </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of asthma, headaches, and open wounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Honoring and welcoming guests. </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer and offering. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade for other goods. </li></ul>TRADITIONAL TOBACCO 563 THERE ARE OVER FEDERALLY RECOGNIZED TRIBES IN THE U.S. Many tribal nations have used various tobacco plants for such things as: - Treatment of asthma, headaches and open wounds. - Honoring and welcoming guests. - Prayer and offering. - Trade for other goods.
    4. 4. TRADITIONAL TOBACCO <ul><li>There are over 60 different species of tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>The most commonly used tobacco before colonial contact was nicotiana rustica. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dakota and Anishinabeg used non-nicotine tobacco from the inner bark of the red willow tree, often combined with other plants and medicines. </li></ul>TRADITIONAL TOBACCO 60 THERE ARE OVER DIFFERENT SPECIES OF TOBACCO IN THE U.S. The most commonly used tobacco before colonial contact was Nicotiana Rustica. The Dakota and Anishinabeg used non-nicotine tobacco from the inner bark of the red willow tree, often combined with other plants and medicines.
    5. 5. TRADITIONAL TOBACCO <ul><li>Indigenous people used tobacco as early as 3000 bc. </li></ul><ul><li>The Lakota nation believes that the Canupa (pipe) was given to the people by a holy being, the white buffalo calf woman. Through the sacred use of tobacco the Lakota nation developed community and family organization, a system of respect, and religion. </li></ul>The Lakota nation believes that the Canupa (pipe) was given to the people by a holy being, the white buffalo calf woman . Through the sacred use of tobacco the Lakota nation developed community and family organization, a system of respect, and religion. TRADITIONAL TOBACCO 3000 INDIGENOUS PEOPLE USED TOBACCO AS EARLY AS BC
    6. 6. EUROPEAN INFLUENCE <ul><li>Tobacco began growing as early as 6000 bc in the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>1492: Columbus is given tobacco; “Certain dried leaves” are received as gifts, and thrown away. </li></ul><ul><li>Rodrigo de Jerez becomes first European smoker. He is imprisoned for 7 years by the inquisitors in Spain. </li></ul>EUROPEAN INFLUENCE 6000 BC TOBACCO BEGAN GROWING AS EARLY AS IN THE AMERICAS Columbus is given tobacco; “Certain dried leaves” are received as gifts, and thrown away. Rodrigo de Jerez becomes first European smoker. He is imprisoned for 7 years by the holy inquisitors of Spain. 1492
    7. 7. EUROPEAN INFLUENCE <ul><li>AMERIGO VESPUCCI noticed that the indigenous people had a curious habit of chewing green leaves mixed with a white powder. A kind of chewing tobacco. </li></ul>EUROPEAN INFLUENCE AMERIGO VESPUCCI noticed that the indigenous people had a curious habit of chewing green leaves mixed with a white powder. A kind of chewing tobacco. 1499
    8. 8. EUROPEAN INFLUENCE <ul><li>1760 Pierre Lorillard establishes the first company in the United States to process tobacco, cigars, and snuff. </li></ul>Pierre Lorillard establishes the first company in the United States to process tobacco, cigars, and snuff. 1760 EUROPEAN INFLUENCE
    9. 9. EUROPEAN INFLUENCE <ul><li>1854: London tobacconist Phillip Morris begins making his own cigarettes. </li></ul>London tobacconist Phillip Morris begins making his own cigarettes. Pierre Lorillard establishes the first company in the United States to process tobacco, cigars, and snuff. 1760 1854 EUROPEAN INFLUENCE
    10. 10. EUROPEAN INFLUENCE <ul><li>1875 </li></ul><ul><li>R.J. Reynolds tobacco company is founded by Richard Reynolds manufacturing chewing tobacco. </li></ul>R.J. Reynolds tobacco company is founded by Richard Reynolds manufacturing chewing tobacco. London tobacconist Phillip Morris begins making his own cigarettes. Pierre Lorillard establishes the first company in the United States to process tobacco, cigars, and snuff. 1760 1854 1875 EUROPEAN INFLUENCE
    11. 11. EUROPEAN INFLUENCE <ul><li>As the Europeans continued their colonization of America many resources were exploited and cultures eliminated in the name of progress and god. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco became a very profitable business and the values were very different from its original users. </li></ul><ul><li>European tobacco is for PROFIT and PLEASURE “GOOD AS GOLD” </li></ul>As the Europeans continued their colonization of America many resources were exploited and cultures eliminated in the name of progress and god. Tobacco became a very profitable business and the values were very different from its original users. European tobacco is for PROFIT and PLEASURE “GOOD AS GOLD” EUROPEAN INFLUENCE
    12. 13. TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE <ul><li>Commercial Tobacco attributes to the top 4 leading causes of death for indigenous people. </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul>Commercial Tobacco attributes to the top 4 leading causes of death for indigenous people. - CANCER - DIABETES - HEART DISEASE - STROKE TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE
    13. 14. TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE <ul><li>Indigenous people have the highest prevalence rates of any demographic in America. </li></ul><ul><li>2 of every 5 deaths are related to tobacco use. </li></ul>Indigenous people have the highest prevalence rates of any demographic in America. 2 of every 5 deaths of indigenous people are related to tobacco use. TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE
    14. 15. TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE <ul><li>National native american health services spends $200 million every year treating tobacco related illnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>34% of the indigenous population in America are smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>23.1% of indigenous youth are smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL NATIVE AMERICAN HEALTH SERVICES spends $200 million every year treating tobacco related illnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>34% of the indigenous population in America are smokers. </li></ul><ul><li>23.1% of indigenous youth are smokers. </li></ul>TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE
    15. 16. TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE <ul><li>INDIGENOUS PEOPLE MAKE UP 1.2 PERCENT OF THE NATIONAL POPULATION. </li></ul>INDIGENOUS PEOPLE MAKE UP 1.2 PERCENT OF THE NATIONAL POPULATION. TOBACCO CONSEQUENCE
    16. 17. GUIDING PRINCIPLES <ul><li>RESPECT-for yourself and the sacred medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>VISION-to see a healthy Native community. </li></ul><ul><li>COURAGE-to make good decisions for you and your family. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION-to initiate behavior and attitude change. </li></ul><ul><li>RESPECT - for yourself and the sacred medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>VISION -to see a healthy Native community. </li></ul><ul><li>COURAGE - to make good decisions for you and your family. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION - to initiate behavior and attitude change. </li></ul>GUIDING PRINCIPLES
    17. 18. GUIDING PRINCIPLES <ul><li>HUMILITY-to ask for guidance without fear. </li></ul><ul><li>HOPE-belief that the future will be positive. </li></ul><ul><li>COMPASSION-empathy for the addicted. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUTH-know the facts behind the industry. </li></ul><ul><li>GENEROSITY-share your knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>HUMILITY - to ask for guidance without fear. </li></ul><ul><li>HOPE - belief that the future will be positive. </li></ul><ul><li>COMPASSION - empathy for the addicted. </li></ul><ul><li>TRUTH - know the facts behind the industry. </li></ul><ul><li>GENEROSITY - share your knowledge. </li></ul>GUIDING PRINCIPLES
    18. 19. TOBACCO TRANSLATED <ul><li>DAKOTA - Can sa sa </li></ul><ul><li>ANISHINABEG - Asema </li></ul><ul><li>HO-CHUNK - Da nee </li></ul><ul><li>DAKOTA - </li></ul><ul><li>Can sa sa </li></ul><ul><li>ANISHINABEG - </li></ul><ul><li>Asema </li></ul><ul><li>HO-CHUNK - </li></ul><ul><li>Da nee </li></ul>TOBACCO TRANSLATED
    19. 20. KNOW THE DIFFERENCE
    20. 21. RESOURCES <ul><li>www.bethecatalyst.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.keeptobaccosacred.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.tobaccoprevention.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.westerntobaccoprevention.org </li></ul>www.bethecatalyst.org www.keeptobaccosacred.org www.tobaccoprevention.org www.westerntobaccoprevention.org RESOURCES

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