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Mistaking africa chapter 8

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Mistaking africa chapter 8

  1. 1.  Bethany Bell
  2. 2.  The African idea of “tribe” is very different than American idea of “tribe”. Modern African Tribes are… Modern The Myth of tribal Africa relies on imperialistic concepts.
  3. 3. TRIBE:1. One of five major types of political organization; band, tribe, chiefdom, confederacy, and state.2. A political group that comprises several bands or lineage groups, each with similar language and lifestyle and each occupying a distinct territory.
  4. 4. ½ of TRIBE: 1. One of five major types of political African organization; band, tribe, chiefdom, confederacy, andSocieties state.would be 2. A political group that comprises several bands or lineage groups, each with similarexcluded. language and lifestyle and each occupying a distinct territory.
  5. 5. Ancient Rome: “tribus”- Used to describe aunit of the romanstate.
  6. 6. Ancient Rome: “tribus”- Used to describe aunit of the romanstate. 13th- 14th century: “tribe” - Used to summarize the different political organizations of Israel, Greece, Rome and other ancient societies. - e.g. “12 Tribes of Israel”
  7. 7. Ancient Rome: 1600-1700 “tribus” “tribe”- Used to describe a - Still synonymousunit of the roman with “nation” orstate. “people” 13th- 14th century: “tribe” - Used to summarize the different political organizations of Israel, Greece, Rome and other ancient societies. - e.g. “12 Tribes of Israel”
  8. 8. Ancient Rome: 1600-1800 “tribus” “tribe”- Used to describe a - Still synonymousunit of the roman with “nation” orstate. “people” 13th- 14th century: “tribe” - Used to summarize the Late – 18th Century different political “tribe” organizations of Israel, Greece, Rome and - Used by Europeans other ancient societies. to distinguish people - e.g. “12 Tribes of Israel” from themselves.
  9. 9. Ancient Rome: 1600-1800 19th Century: “tribus” “tribe” “tribe” - Implied political organizations- Used to describe a - Still synonymous that wereunit of the roman with “nation” or primordial, backward, irrationalstate. “people” , and static. 13th- 14th century: “tribe” Late – 18th Century - Used to summarize the “tribe” different political organizations of - Used by Europeans Israel, Greece, Rome and to distinguish people other ancient societies. from themselves. - e.g. “12 Tribes of Israel”
  10. 10. 19th Century: Ancient Rome: 1600-1800 “tribe” “tribus” “tribe” - Implied political organizations- Used to describe a - Still synonymous that were primordial,unit of the roman with “nation” or backward, irrational, and static.state. “people” 13th- 14th century: “tribe” 20th Century: Late – 18th Century - Used to summarize the “tribe” different political “tribe” 1. (Colonialism) Closed organizations of - Used by Europeans Boundaries/ Unchanging Israel, Greece, Rome and to distinguish people customs. 2. (Anthropology) Constantly other ancient societies. from themselves. changing and adapting. - e.g. “12 Tribes of Israel”
  11. 11.  Independence across Africa (1960s) made colonial definitions irrelevant. External pressures caused tribes to form.
  12. 12.  Anthropologists influenced the end of “tribe” Large switch “ethnic group”
  13. 13. You’re from I am from the Africa? Abagesera Clan. Cool! Whattribe are you from?
  14. 14.  Most Africans do not generally equate tribes with savage/primitive. Recognize layers of identity. Asking “What tribe are you from” would be like asking some one in the United States “What is your socioeconomic class” rather than “What do you do for a living?”
  15. 15. “American use of the word “tribe” has dropped dramatically since the 1970’s”Two roots for continuing use of “tribe”1. Ignorance2. African Problems = African Primitiveness - Relieves western civilizations of responsibility for share of causes in modern African history.
  16. 16. To pick one word to represent Africa is full all of Africa is to of tribes! mistake Africa.
  17. 17. • You don’t have to tiptoe around referencing someone’s ethnicity.• Ethnic diversity is a fact of life.• Alternative Terms to “TRIBE” 1. Community 2. Society 3. Village 4. Rural People 5. Lineage 6. Kin Group 7. Clan• Pre-colonial Africa 1. Band 2. Chiefdom 3. Kingdom 4. Empire 5. State
  18. 18. Questions?

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