JOHN HUGHES• John Wilden Hughes, Jr.• February 18, 1950 – August 6, 2009• American film director, producer, and screenwriter.• Directed and/or scripted some of the most successful films of the 1980s and 1990s…• He is known as the king of teen movies as well as helping launch the careers of actors including Michael Keaton, Bill Paxton, Matthew Broderick, John Candy, & “The Brat Pack”
TRADEMARKCHARACTERISTICS• The majority of Hughes films were set in the North Shore suburbs of the Chicago metropolitan area.• In certain films, the setting is specifically identified as the fictional town of Shermer in Illinois.• Another element that remained consistent through all of his movies was a strong emphasis on pop songs and music cues.• He also frequently employed several filmic devices such as characters breaking the fourth wall; additional scenes under and/or after the closing credits; non-linear montages; and using a freeze-frame as the closing shot before the end credits.• Several of his films including Ferris Bueller’s Day Off and The Breakfast Club have an extremely short time span, in both the entire film takes place over the course of a day.
THE BREAKFAST CLUBThe Breakfast Club is a 1985 American teencoming of age comedy-drama film writtenand directed by John Hughes. The storyline follows five teenagers (each amember of a different high school clique) asthey spend a Saturday in detention togetherand come to realize that they are all deeperthan their respective stereotypes.Critically, it is considered to be one of thegreatest high school-teen films of all time, aswell as one of Hughes most memorable andrecognizable works.
“ SATURDAY, MARCH 24, 1984. SHERMER HIGH SCHOOL, SHERMER, ILLINOIS. 60062. DEAR MR. VERNON, WE ACCEPT THE FACT THAT WE HAD TO SACRIFICE AWHOLE SATURDAY IN DETENTION FOR WHATEVER IT WAS THAT WE DID WRONG…WHAT WE DID WAS WRONG, BUT WE THINK YOU’RE CRAZY TO MAKE US WRITE THIS ESSAY TELLINGYOU WHO WE THINK WE ARE. WHAT DOYOU CARE? YOU SEE US AS YOU WANTTO SEE US… IN THE SIMPLEST TERMS AND THE MOST CONVENIENT DEFINITIONS. YOU SEE US AS A BRAIN, AN ATHLETE, A BASKET CASE, A PRINCESS AND ACRIMINAL. CORRECT? THAT’S THE WAY WE SAW EACH OTHER AT SEVEN O’CLOCK THIS MORNING. WE WERE BRAINWASHED…”
FILMINGDespite his lack of experience as a filmmaker Hughes managedto win the investors over with his argument that due to the filmslow budget of one million dollars and its single-location shoot,the risks involved were minimal.Shooting began on 28 March 1984 and ended in May of that year.Filming took place at Maine North High School in Des Plaines,Illinois, the same school used for some of the school-basedscenes in Hughess Ferris Buellers Day Off, which was releasedjust a year after The Breakfast Club.Some of the posters on the walls during filming of The BreakfastClub were still there when Ferris Bueller was filmed.He shot the two films back to back to save time and money, andsome outtakes of both films feature elements of the film crewsworking on the other film in each case.
SYMBOLISM:• Significance of the setting:This film is almost entirely dialogue. It takes place in a Library.Libraries are collections of words - just like dialogue. But youwont perceive any of the words in a Library unless you seek themout - like the Characters thoughts.• Significance of costumes- (the costume designer Marylin A Vance, was also the designer for several of Hughes films including Pretty in Pink, Unlce Buck and Ferris Bueller)The costumes are colour coded to each character so that they areeasily distinguished and recognised by the audience. It also helpsto define how they are from different high school cliques.
FERRIS BUELLERS DAY OFFFerris Buellers Day Off is a 1986 teen comedy movie written anddirected by the legendary John Hughes. Its considered one of the bestfilms of the eighties, and has been very influential.The film follows Ferris Bueller (Matthew Broderick), a senior in highschool, who pretends to be sick and skips school for the day. Hes ableto convince his neurotic best friend Cameron and his carefree girlfriendSloane to come along with him. The three of them take Cameronsfathers prized car, heading out to Chicago to spend one more daytogether before graduation. However, his principal and his youngersister are hot on his trail, ready to prove that hes skipping school..
During the film, Bueller frequentlybreaks the fourth wall by speakingdirectly to the camera to explain tothe audience his techniques andthoughts.Hughes wrote the screenplay inless than a week and shot thefilm—on a budget of $5.8 million—over several months in late 1985.Featuring many famous Chicagolandmarks including the then SearsTower and the Art Institute ofChicago, the film was Hughes loveletter to the city: "I really wanted tocapture as much of Chicago as Icould. Not just in the architectureand landscape, but the spirit.”Released by Paramount Pictures onJune 11, 1986, Ferris Buellers DayOff became one of the top grossingfilms of the year and wasenthusiastically received by criticsand audiences alike