Step 1. Know When to Start
First off, find out the right time to begin your indoor
growing. This depends on where you live, but a general
rule is to start the seeds 2 months before the last spring
Step 2. Gather the Following Materials
Small, clean pots or planting containers
− Must have small holes at the bottom
− Minimum depth should be 3 inches
Tomato and pepper seeds
− Choose heirloom seeds for the best results
High-quality seed starting mix
A warm area
− A greenhouse
− A window that gets a lot of sunlight
− Or a room with a good lighting system
Good air circulation
Step 3. Prepare the Starting Mix
Get a large container, add in the seed starter, gradually
pour in some water, and mix them properly. The mixture
should not be muddy but rather damp like a sponge that
has been squeezed out.
Then put the mixture into each planting container. Leave
an inch of space before you reach the container’s tip.
Remember to label and date all your containers for easy
Step 4. Plant the Seeds
In each container, create a
quarter-inch-deep furrow and
then plant one heirloom seed.
If you’re planting in a flat tray
without compartments instead
of containers, then remember
to provide an inch’s space
between the seeds.
Step 5. Germinate, Water & Monitor
Tomatoes and peppers require high temperatures for them
to sprout, so you’ll have to put them in warmer areas like
inside a greenhouse, atop the fridge, or under fluorescent
Make sure the containers are always damp and the
seedlings are regularly sprinkled with light water.
Closely track the growth of the seedlings and put them
under a good light source as soon as they sprout. If you’re
using artificial lights, you may raise them a little higher
once the seedlings start to grow. Provide more lighting to
the weak-looking seedlings.
Step 6. Transplant the Seedlings
Once the sprouts are about 3 inches in height, you can
transplant them to their very own pots to give them more
space to grow.
Step 7. Feed Your Tomato & Pepper Seedlings
Seed starters actually have very little plant food, so you’ll
have to start feeding your tiny plants right away. Use a
liquid fertilizer for this purpose, or whatever your local
nursery recommends. Don’t forget to provide a steady light
source for your growing plants.
Step 8. Move Your Plants to the Garden
A month after this, the weather should be warm enough
that you can finally introduce your seedlings to the garden
environment. Use this guide below:
Place the plants in a shaded area for half of the day.
Put them outside but with shade throughout the day.
Eventually place them under the morning sun and
then all throughout the day without shade.
When they’re ready to be transplanted to the garden, do it
around sunset or a cloudy day to reduce stress on the
Lastly, secure the plants in the soil, give them enough
water and add some organic matter if you like.
Also, remember to use tomato and pepper heirloom seeds
so you can always get the freshest and healthiest crops.
And that’s how to start tomato and pepper seedlings
indoors properly. The process may be quite long, but just
be patient and soon you’ll have a garden full of them!