Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Part 1

365 views

Published on

John Dalton presents a look into the paradox that is American healthcare: The United States leads the world with the best equipped hospitals and the most thoroughly trained physicians. But, does that produce value for American consumers?

John explores data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and World Health Organization (WHO) and looks at how the United States fares against the 34 countries that are part of the OECD.

The preliminary conclusions are interesting, one of which is that American healthcare is the worst value in the developed world.

About the author: John Dalton joined BESLER as Senior Advisor in November 2005 after retiring from NCO Financial Systems where he was Vice-President, Sales and Marketing. He worked closely with Kathy Ruggieri in launching the Transfer DRG and IME products, as well as broadening our geographic footprint, breaking into several states where BESLER had not gone before. John retired at the end of 2010, but has continued to be active, serving on the Board of Trustees of the St. Joseph’s Healthcare System where he chairs the Strategic Planning Committee and as Honorary Trustee at Children’s Specialized Hospital, serving on the Audit & Compliance Committee. He’s also been active at Stevens Tech, where he recently wrote and produced two 20 minute videos, “Stevens & Sons: America’s First Family of Engineers,” and “Tales from Castle Stevens.” He was the 2013 recipient of the Stevens Alumni Award.

John is a former New Jersey Chapter President and National Board member. He received HFMA’s 2001 Morgan Award for lifetime achievement, recognizing his work in professionalizing revenue cycle management. John is the only New Jersey Chapter leader to receive that honor. He is a frequent contributor to Garden State FOCUS, and serves as Master of Ceremonies at the Chapter’s Annual Institute.

John has a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology and an MBA degree with a major in finance from the Stuart School of Management at Illinois Institute of Technology. In his leisure time, John enjoys grandkids, golf, travel, and running.

Published in: Healthcare
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Part 1

  1. 1. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Part 1: Let’s Look at the Relevant Data John J. Dalton, FHFMA Senior Advisor Emeritus
  2. 2. Disclaimer • The opinions expressed in this presentation and on the following slides are solely those of the author based on nearly fifty years of involvement in healthcare as consumer, consultant, regulator, employer and hospital trustee. They do not necessarily reflect the views of BESLER Consulting, the St. Joseph’s Healthcare System or the Healthcare Financial Management Association, and neither organization guarantees the accuracy or reliability of the information provided herein. • Rather, the presenter hopes to stimulate debate and discourse directed towards broadening America’s goals from “healthcare” to “health,” and reducing the value gap with the rest of the developed world.
  3. 3. Here’s Where It All Began! • In September 2008, Cheryl Cohen, John Dalton and Janet Turso were part of an HFMA delegation to Russia, 23 from the US and 5 from the UK. • We spent four days meeting with our Russian colleagues, touring hospitals and clinics, and discussing delivery models and funding mechanisms.
  4. 4. Here’s Where It All Began! • The Russians admired America’s use of advanced technology by skilled clinicians in well-equipped hospitals. • However, they found our system expensive and expressed a preference for the National Health System’s cost-efficient delivery of high quality care. • For me, the American paradox became an area of continued study and interest. “U.S. Health Quality Indicators” at the National Research Institute of Public Health, Moscow
  5. 5. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? The American Paradox • The United States leads the world with the best-equipped hospitals and the most thoroughly trained physicians. • Does that produce value for American consumers? Let’s look at the facts.
  6. 6. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? • In its February 8, 2016 issue “By the Numbers” (p. 34), Modern Healthcare (MH) tabulated healthcare’s share of GDP in 2000 and 2013 for the U.S. and 21 other developed countries, and classified those countries by type of universal healthcare system as follows: • Two-Tier: Government provides or mandates catastrophic or minimum coverage for all, while allowing supplemental voluntary insurance or fee-for-service care when desired. Five countries, including France, Israel and the Netherlands. • Insurance Mandate: Government mandates that all citizens purchase insurance, whether from private, public or not-for-profit insurers. Five countries including Austria, Germany and Switzerland. • Single Payer: Government provides insurance for all. Pays all expenses except for copays/coinsurance. Eleven countries including Canada, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom.
  7. 7. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Data Sources: • The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (0ECD) has 34 member countries that comprise the developed world. Data for healthcare expenditures as a percentage of GDP for 2000 and 2013 were available for 22 of the countries. • The World Health Organization (WHO) is the authoritative source for key health indicators (life expectancy, mortality rates, etc.). Data were available for 1990 and 2012 for life expectancy at birth; infant mortality rates (the probability of dying between birth and 1 year of age); under-five mortality rates (the probability of dying between 1 year of age and before 5 years of age) and adult mortality rates (the probability of dying between 15 and 60 years of age).
  8. 8. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? • While 21 OECD nations increased spending as a % of GDP by only 22.0% from 7.9% to 9.5% over the 13 years, the U.S. increased by 31.2%, from 12.5% to 16.4%. No OECD Nation spends more than 11.1% of its GDP on healthcare. • Japan leads the OECD nations in life expectancy at birth at 84 years; the U.S. lags the rest of the OECD at 79 years. • Data Sources: • Modern Healthcare, February 8, 2016, "By the Numbers," p. 34 • OECD Health Statistics, 2015, FOCUS on Health Spending, July 2015 • World Health Statistics, 2014, PART III, Global Health Indicators, WHO Healthcare % of GDP - 2000 Healthcare % of GDP - 2013 % Change Country Type of Universal Health Care (1) Life Expectancy @ Birth, 1990 Life Expectancy @ Birth, 2012 Change, Years 9.2 10.1 9.8% Austria Insurance Mandate 76 81 5 8.0 10.2 27.5% Belgium Insurance Mandate 76 80 4 8.3 10.2 22.9% Canada Single Payer 77 82 5 8.1 10.4 28.4% Denmark Two-Tier 75 80 5 6.7 8.6 28.4% Finland Single Payer 75 81 6 9.5 10.9 14.7% France Two-Tier 78 82 4 9.8 11.0 12.2% Germany Insurance Mandate 76 81 5 7.2 9.2 27.8% Greece Insurance Mandate 77 81 4 9.0 8.7 -3.3% Iceland Single Payer 78 82 4 6.8 7.5 10.3% Israel Two-Tier 77 82 5 7.6 8.8 15.8% Italy Single Payer 77 83 6 7.4 10.2 37.8% Japan Single Payer 79 84 5 7.0 11.1 58.6% Netherlands Two-Tier 77 81 4 7.5 9.5 26.7% New Zealand Two-Tier 76 82 6 7.7 8.9 15.6% Norway Single Payer 77 82 5 8.3 9.1 9.6% Portugal Single Payer 74 81 7 8.1 8.7 7.4% Slovenia Single Payer 74 80 6 6.8 8.8 29.4% Spain Single Payer 77 82 5 7.4 11.0 48.6% Sweden Single Payer 78 82 4 9.3 11.1 19.4% Switzerland Insurance Mandate 78 83 5 6.3 8.5 34.9% United Kingdom Single Payer 76 81 5 12.5 16.4 31.2% United States None 75 79 4 7.9 9.6 22.0% 21 OECD Nations Various 76.6 81.6 5.0
  9. 9. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Changes in Healthcare Share of GDP and Life Expectancy, OECD Nations by Type of Universal Coverage Healthcare % of GDP - 2000 (2) Healthcare % of GDP - 2013 (2) % Change Country Type of Universal Health Care (1) Life Expectancy @ Birth, 1990 (3) Life Expectancy @ Birth, 2012 (3) Change, Years 8.7 10.3 18.4% Five Countries Insurance Mandate 76.6 81.2 4.6 7.6 9.2 21.1% Eleven Countries Single Payer 76.5 81.8 5.3 7.5 9.5 26.7% Five Countries Two-Tier 76.6 81.8 5.2 12.5 16.4 31.2% United States None 75.0 79.0 4.0 7.9 9.6 22.0% 21 OECD Nations Various 76.6 81.6 5.0 Data Sources: 1. Modern Healthcare, February 8, 2016, "By the Numbers," p. 34 2. OECD Health Statistics, 2015, FOCUS on Health Spending, July 2015 3. World Health Statistics, 2014, PART III, Global Health Indicators, WHO • The eleven countries with Single Payer systems had the lowest percentage of GDP devoted to health care, increasing 21.1% from 7.6% in 2000 to 9.2% in 2012, less than the percentage of GDP consumed by countries with Insurance Mandate (10.3%) or Two-Tier systems (9.5%). • Moreover, their citizens enjoy an average life expectancy of 81.8 years, the same as or better than countries with other systems.
  10. 10. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? • The U.S. lags the OECD on both infant and child mortality rates. Between 1990 and 2012, the 21 OECD countries reduced infant mortality rates by 57.7%, from 7.8/1,000 to 3.3/1,000, and child mortality rates by 56.8%, from 9.5/1,000 to 4.1/1,000. The U.S. only reduced infant mortality rates by 33.3%, from 9.0/1,000 to 6.0/1,000, and child mortality rates 36.4%, from 11.0/1,000 to 7.0/1,000. • Countries with Single Payer Systems had the lowest average mortality rates. Changes in Infant & Child Mortality Rates 1990-2012, OECD Nations by Type of Universal Health Coverage Infant Mortality Rate, 1990 Infant Mortality Rate, 2012 % Change Country Type of Universal Health Care Child Mortality Rate, 1990 Child Mortality Rate, 2012 % Change 8.2 3.4 -58.5% Five Countries Insurance Mandate 10.0 4.2 -58.0% 7.5 2.9 -61.3% Eleven Countries Single Payer 8.9 3.6 -59.6% 8.0 3.4 -57.5% Five Countries Two-Tier 9.8 4.4 -55.1% 9.0 6.0 -33.3% United States None 11.0 7.0 -36.4% 7.8 3.3 -57.7% 21 OECD Nations Various 9.5 4.1 -56.8%
  11. 11. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? • The U.S. lags the rest of the OECD countries by a substantial margin in its efforts to reduce adult mortality rates for both men and women. While other OECD countries reduced adult male mortality rates by 36.4%, from 141.4/1,000 to 88.9/1,000, the U.S. attained only a 24.9% reduction, from 173.0/1,000 to 130.0/1,000. • For women, the 21 OECD countries reduced adult mortality rates by 32.0%, from 72.1/1,000 to 49.0/1,000, while the U.S. lagged, achieving only a 15.4% reduction, from 91.0/1,000 to 77.0/1,000. Changes in Adult Mortality Rates 1990-2012, OECD Nations by Type of Universal Health Coverage Adult Mortality Rate, Male, 1990 Adult Mortality Rate, Male, 2012 % Change Country Type of Universal Health Care Adult Mortality Rate, Female, 1990 Adult Mortality Rate, Female, 2012 % Change 138.6 91.2 -34.2% Five Countries Insurance Mandate 68.8 48.0 -30.2% 142.3 86.8 -39.0% Eleven Countries Single Payer 68.5 45.6 -33.4% 136.0 87.2 -35.9% Five Countries Two-Tier 79.4 51.8 -34.8% 173.0 130.0 -24.9% United States None 91.0 77.0 -15.4% 141.4 89.9 -36.4% 21 OECD Nations Various 72.1 49.0 -32.0%
  12. 12. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Preliminary Conclusions: • Despite its massive expenditures, the U.S. healthcare system fails to deliver reasonable value for the money, and the gap between the U.S. and other OECD countries on key health indicators is widening. • The eleven countries with Single Payer systems consume the lowest percentage of GDP on healthcare while achieving the best results on each of the four key health indicators. • The U.S. also lags OECD countries in studies by the WHO and the Commonwealth Fund (see following slides). • It’s little comfort, but compared with many emerging market countries (e.g., Brazil, Russia, India, China, Mexico, etc.), the U.S. attains better results on the four key health indicators. • American healthcare is the worst value in the developed world. • It will take a huge paradigm shift to close the gap with other OECD countries on the key health indicators.
  13. 13. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Other comparisons of healthcare systems: • The WHO’s “World Health Report 2000” ranked the health systems of its 191 member states based on an index of five factors including financial contribution, disability- adjusted life expectancy, speed of service, protection of privacy, and quality of amenities. France ranked #1, followed by Italy. The U.S. ranked #37, behind Costa Rica and just ahead of Slovenia, Cuba and New Zealand. The methodology used provoked so much criticism that WHO has not updated the study.
  14. 14. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Other comparisons of health care systems: • The Commonwealth Fund periodically compares the U.S. health care system with those of other developed countries. In its 2014 update (“Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, How the U.S. Health Care System Compares Internationally”), the U.S. is last or near last among the 11 nations studied in the report on dimensions of access, efficiency, and equity. The United Kingdom ranks first, followed closely by Switzerland.
  15. 15. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? • The countries are listed in alphabetical order from left to right. Data are from 2011. • With per capita health spending of $3,405, the UK ranks #1 on 9 of the 12 factors measured. • The US ranks last on 4 of 12 factors despite spending $8,508 per capita, $2,839 more than Norway and nearly $5K more than the UK. • Clearly, US consumers are not getting value for their money.
  16. 16. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? • The Commonwealth Fund Report concluded that the US delivers “High cost care of mediocre quality,” with per capita expenditures $3,100 higher than the average of the other ten developed countries in the study.
  17. 17. American Healthcare: Worst Value in the Developed World? Contact Information: John J. Dalton, FHFMA Senior Advisor Emeritus BESLER Consulting Email: jjdalton1@verizon.net Tel. No.: 732-310-8782

×