Week 1 and week 2 what is young adult literature


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Young Adult Literature

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Week 1 and week 2 what is young adult literature

  1. 1. WEEK 1What is youngadult literature?
  2. 2. Why read young adultliterature? Literature transports readers to unknown places and understand what others experience Enhances process of discovery Help Young Adults (YAs) understand self Help YAs see themselves in broader context of their society, culture, world Help YAs fit into their world
  3. 3. What is young adult literature? Basically written for young adults from 11 to 18 years YAL written for and about young adult YAL focuses on youthful characters and explores their sense of identity, adventures, dreams and trials YA readers still searching for ideas, values for self identity Young protagonists in books for YA serve as models Teacher is to encourage positive identification
  4. 4.  YAL provides opportunities for reader exploration  Heightened self knowledge & personal understanding  Broadens sense of YA’s world  Expands knowledge of events, situations & human interactions  Major themes: rites of passage, search for identity, familial relationships, need for independence, interpersonal relationships
  5. 5. Definition of YAL “Young-adult literature is literature wherein the protagonist is either a teenager or one who approaches problems from a teenage perspective. Such novels are generally of moderate length and told from the first person. Typically, they describe initiation into the adult world, or the surmounting of a contemporary problem forced upon the protagonist(s) by the adult world. Though generally written for a teenage reader, such novels-like all fine literature-address the entire spectrum of life” -G. Robert Carlson
  6. 6. When is a novel about young adult is not YA novel? Depends on perspective Apprenticeship novel- recounts the struggle of protagonist to come of age and gains awareness of the world (Adult novel- perspective of adult looking back) YA novel- perspective of youthful characters as they explore their world(in real time) BUT IT IS A QUESTION OF INTEREST
  7. 7.  “Any book that holds a young person’s interest, that portrays the human condition with care and is well crafted, could and should be a young adult novel. The categories of books are more a marketing device than a limit to the appeal a book might have. If the characters and situations in a novel are relevant and meaningful to the teenager, that’s the book he or she will read.” -Sue Ellen Bridges
  8. 8. YAL as transitional literature YAL can serve as bridge to more mature novels YAL shorter, less complex but well-written YAL introduces YA to forms and elements of fiction
  9. 9. Pairing and core methods Method for introducing YAL as “holding ground” before reading adult literature Pairing- one YA novel to an adult novel  Pairing system can be used to match books or authors Core method- one adult novel and a number of young adult novels that can relate to it
  10. 10. Pair method YA novel Adult novel
  11. 11. Core method YA Novel YA Adult YANovel Novel Novel YA Novel
  12. 12.  Students move through three reading stages  BuildingFluency State  Reading for Pleasure/Reading to Learn  Mature Reading With this knowledge teacher is able to find challenging and entertaining reading materials
  13. 13. Describing adolescents Physical  Physical changes are rapid and visually apparent  Diversity in physical developmental rates  Distinct gender differences (girls 12, boys 14)  Health risks due to behavioral issues- eating disorders, sexual experimentation, drug use
  14. 14.  Psychosocial  Friendships formed and social interaction increases  Distinct gender differences in socialisation patterns (girls have smaller circle of close friends, boys larger)  Affiliation shifts from parents to friends  Social tasks and situations handled w/o adult supervision/advice  Self-esteem changes due to home and school lives  Preoccupations with self lead to critical self- examination and to self-perception  Argumentative and aggressive behaviours
  15. 15.  Cognitive  Higher level of cognitive functioning develops (reasoning/higher level thought processes)  Moral/ethical choices guide behavior  Developmental diversity leads to varying abilities to think and reason  Cognitive ability often affected by overall socialization  Perspectives about past, present, future develop allowing enhanced perspectives of time  Increase in language and verbalization skills allowing improved communication
  16. 16. Summary YA literature focuses on lives, experiences, problems, and aspirations of young people Vital addition to literature curriculum YA literature provides role models for young people to identify with Has potential to help them expand their knowledge and understanding of themselves, others, and the world
  17. 17. DISCUSSION TOPICS Describe a rationale for using young adult literature How would you define young adult literature to someone who is unaware of its existence?
  18. 18. THE END
  20. 20. TYPES OF LITERATURE Realistic fiction  Biography and Humour autobiography Mystery  Informational books Fantasy  Poetry Science fiction  Short stories Historical fiction  Drama Nonfiction  Picture books
  21. 21. Looking at fictionHistorical Realistic Science fiction fantasyfiction fiction • past • present • future • imaginary
  22. 22. Realistic fiction Reflects contemporary world Believable plot an lifelike characters Familiar settings Realism-reflects writer’s perspective in creating characters and situations as if they existed Characters developed with reasonable and believable conflicts cont…
  23. 23. Realistic fiction Most important aspect is effectiveness of characters Characters- fully developed, believable Part of credibility is their fallibility but ability to learn from mistakes Impetus for growth and change Themes: alienation, search for identity, importance of friendship, dealing and accepting change, changing roles of family Example: Catcher in the Rye by J.D Salinger
  24. 24. Humour Realistic works but humorous But humour is not confined to realism only Authors inject humour in other genres as well
  25. 25. Mystery Depends on carefully crafted plots with surprises, twists and turns, and clues Mystery can be set in any time- historical, science fiction, fantasy Characteristics: fast-moving and suspenseful plots, realistic dialogue, perplexing incidents
  26. 26. Relationship of Mystery to Other Types of Fiction fantasy Historical Science fiction mystery fiction Realistic fiction
  27. 27. fantasy Combines realistic fiction with realm of make- believe  Basic sense of believability with well-constructed plot, well-developed characters, and setting from which characters may logically move into imaginary world (The Chronicles of Narnia)  High fantasy-mythology with imaginary creatures (Lord of the Rings) cont…
  28. 28. fantasy Concept of “fight a good fight”  Hero against villain  Quest for truth  Classic confrontations with strange, imaginary beasts
  29. 29. Science fiction Definition: combination of characters and their relationships with plausible accounts of science, technology and futurism May present moral or ethical dilemmas to explore (involves use of technology on humans/animals, conflicts between competing interests, ecological disasters) Always set in the future with characters as pioneers exploring new worlds Also depends on logical, plausible explanations for scientific details and inventions cont….
  30. 30. Science fiction Other major themes:  Creation of utopian communities  Threats to existence of our planet Science fiction presents adventure, excitement, entertainment, conflict, and a look at what future might bring
  31. 31. Historical fiction Provides factual framework for a story Characteristics:  Authenticity of detail about period  Historical figures consistent with documented actions and words  Accuracy of chronology of events  Believable characters  Relevance of story to current times, attitudes, and beliefs as well as to the historical period  Vivid and accurate sense of history cont….
  32. 32. Historical fiction Themes:  Character confronting himself/herself  Character confronting society  Opportunities to reflect upon values, problems, moral dilemmas and issues of the novel’s time
  33. 33. Nonfiction Biography and autobiography  Nonfiction accounts of lives of individuals  Reveal vital relationship between individual and time period he/she lives  Frequent presentation of conflicts character must overcome Informational books  Two primary reason  Gain satisfaction of learning new information  Satisfaction of reaffirming what is already known  Virtually every topic
  34. 34. Other Types of Literature Poetry  Normally receives negative reaction from students (why?)  Poems should be accessible to students- they could understand, experience and enjoy Short stories  Most short stories not meant for YA  Teacher should be able to evaluate short stories suitable for YA cont….
  35. 35. Other Types of Literature Drama  Neglected field for YA  Teacher has to be able to evaluate and choose for YA Picture Books/Comics/Graphics  Strongvisual content  May cover any topic and concern  Appeal to YA due to visuals and easy readibility
  36. 36.  BOOKS:  The Vampire Diaries by LJ Smith  A Walk to Remember by Nicholas Sparks  Millie and the Night Heron by Catherine Bateson  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone by JK Rowling  High School Musical by Peter Barsocchini  Boy Overboard by Morris Gleitzman  The Fifth Quest by Debra Oswald
  37. 37. Looking at characters in YALiterature  Dealing with issues of identity  Seeking a sense of independence  Increasing reliance on the peer group  Accepting psychological changes and emerging sexuality  Learning to relate appropriately to members of the opposite sex  Planning for future careers  Making decisions about education
  38. 38.  Determining values, ethics, morals, and political views Renegotiating relationship with parents Conditions facing students Differing opportunities and roles for women Changing family structures Increasing awareness and sensitivity to ethnic and cultural diversity Addressing use of drugs and alcohol
  39. 39. Summary The genre of YA literature comprises a range of types of works Teachers need to continue to explore the field and to read widely to incorporate YA to meet students’ needs
  40. 40. DISCUSSION TOPICS Discuss what type of literature you enjoy the most and why? What type of you enjoyed when you were an adolescent? What are the differences in your reading selection?
  41. 41. THE END