The relationship between technology
and social change
The challenge is to understand 'how'
the mindset, attitudes and collective
skills allied to new technological tools
can create new ways to change the
How connected are the brains and
networks? How to understand the collective
Tactical and strategic use of digital tools and
online collective identities for collective
organization, communication and action.
The ability of connected crowds, of brains and
bodies to create networks and self-modular
collective action. Pattern of political self-
organization in the network society.
It is not CLICKACTIVISM or CIBERACTIVISM.
Technopolitics uses the network and the
ciberterritory to have effect outside and inside.
It is not activism without strategy or
organization or exclusively online.
From indignation to empowerment
Police violence, derogatory media coverage and
stablishment turn on protesters into Vandals (Brazil),
Chapullers (Turkey) or Perroflautas (Spain). #YoSoy132
(México) is another example. Outrage is the new fuel of
network revolts. Indignation turns into empowerment and
positive emotions such as hope.
4. Collectives identities
Collective identities are common to all
networked revolts of recent years. Identities
that accept remixes and adaptations, such as
15M or Occupy camps. In Brazil many
collective identities from Passe Livre
emerged. The same with #Diren in Turkey.
In the revolts in Egypt, the death of blogger Khaled Said became a collective
identity in Facebook fanpages as #Somos KhlaedSaid. In Brazil, the
disappearance of the worker Amarildo Dias de Souza generated (almost) a
collective identity. Left Picture: intervention in avenida Delfim Moreira, in Leblon
(Rio de Janeiro) and residents of Rocinha favela with placard 'Where is Amarildo?'.
Easy adhesion slogans ("It is not for
twenty cents, it is for rights" (Brazil),
"We are not goods in the hands of
politicians and Bankers" (Spain), "We
are the 99% (Occupy) become a
common divisor. The aggregation of
the mobilization of the network
system dismantles all sorts of
antagonism. The identity (football
fans creating the United Istanbul
event or walking together in São
Paulo), the regional (Rio and Sao
Paulo forgetting grudges), ethnical
(kurdish vs Turkish) or protesters vs
police alliance are examples.
Political parties network (competitive)
Lack of interacctions between different communities
Most of central actors are the recognized leaders.
Global Revolt Networks (collaboratives):
Interactions between different communities (ideological,
Central actors are, in general, collective identities.
Change of paradigm
Relationship among PT (Brazilian labour party),
PSDB (right wing Brazilian party), Anonymous
and Passe Livre. A study made by LABIC proved
the endogamy of political parties in Brazil.
Picture: left militants trying to partcipate in June
the 20th protest in São Paulo.
Political parties endogamy
“Não me representam” (They don represent us) shout in Municipal
Chamber of Rio de Janeiro // Twitter Account of O Globo, hacked
with “Democracia Real Já” (Real Democracy) // #TomaLaCalle (take
the street, a 15M Spanish meme, used in Peru two years later //
@AnonymousRio profile, with indigenous style // Occupy, we are the
7. Distributed temporal Leadership //
There is a network or a relay race
between a constellation of
collective identities without
permanent leadership or personal
“499 accounts of Spanish Revolution”,
(Manuela Lucas graph)
The study #ProtestoRj of Media Lab at UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro Federal University)
about events in Rio de Janeiro evidenced that mobilization happened thanks to the
"poor nodes" as @catupiry, for their ability to dialogue. Influential groups in the city -
except Anonymous - were irrelevant in the first call.
The importance of poor nodes
From Propongo (15M-Indignados to Plaza Podemos), the hybrid participatory
method of the occupied squares is getting sofisticated.
8. From grassroots participation to power
Different cities conformed citizen fronts for taking power. Enred.cc (Madrid) was the
first step. La apuesta municipalista (copyleft book) was the virus. GUANYEM
Barcelona created the imaginary and GANEMOS (we win) was the national
shout/shape. After that, the names changed but the 'confluence' format was the trend.
Political party PODEMOS supported the 'confluence' fronts.
9. From #15M to Spanish confluences
Most of the campaigns were made almost without budget (crowd funding, donations).
Especially important the citizen campaign made for supporting AhoraMadrid (with
Manuela Carmena as the candidate), that happened eve out of the AhoraMadrid
Citizen overflow: p2p & DIWO campaigns
In Madrid, there were two huge emotional and independent explosions:
#MadrirconManuela (creative hub supporting Manuela Carmena) and #SomosManuela.
Without them, #AhoraMadrid would barely had won the elections.
The post party citizen confluences will almost for sure rule important cities as Madrid (Ahora Madrid),
Barcelona (Barcelona en Comú), Zaragoza (Zaragoza en común), Cádiz (Ganar Cádiz en Común), A
Coruña (Mare Atlántica), Santiago de Compostela (Compostela Aberta), Valencia (Compromís +
Valencia em Común), Terrassa (Terrasa em Comú) or Oviedo (Somos Oviedo), among dozens of
Citizen confluences governing cities
Slides 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 23, 25 (Javier Toret)
1. Nós podemos cheirar o gás lacrimogênio do Rio e Taksim até Tahrir. http://passapalavra.info/2013/07/80352
2. “Acabou a modormia. O Rio vai virar outra Turquia
3.Interagentes graph #6N // http://interagentes.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/dia6_branco.png
4. Manifestantes o vándalos,
5. Viral Gezi // http://viralgezi.outliers.es/
6. Cartography of hybrids spaçes. http://portal.interagentes.cc/?p=62
7. Emotions 15M // http://assets.outliers.es/15memociones/
8. Vocabulary 15M // artografía Afectiva http://www.cartografiaafetiva.talkinc.com.br/cartografia.pdf
9. Afective cartography http://www.cartografiaafetiva.talkinc.com.br/cartografia.pdf
10. Anonymity BR //(study) http://anonimatoprotestosbr.wordpress.com/2013/08/18/grafos/
11.Primavera brasileira ou golpe da direita
12. Study: #ProtestoRj of Media Lab UFRJ http://medialabufrj.wordpress.com/2013/08/05/protestorj-atores-
13. 499 accounts of SpanishRevolution http://www.manuelalucas.com/sre/
14. Study of relationship among PT, PSDB, Anonymous and Passe Livre.
15. “They dont represent us”, in Câmara municipal in Rio de Janeiro
16. Hacked Twitter account with Democracia Real Já http://www.brasil247.com/pt/247/midiatech/114122/
17. PlazaPodemos, http://www.reddit.com/r/podemos/
18. La apuesta municipalista http://traficantes.net/sites/default/files/pdfs/TS-LEM6_municipalismo.pdf
20. Text about the firts political parties of 15M http://www.eldiario.es/politica/partidos_0_129837180.html
21 Tomar la ciudad obedeciendo y desobedeciendo
22. Protagonistas de las siete ciudades
GLOBAL REVOLUTION RESEARCH NETWORK ///
Bernardo Gutiérrez (@bernardosampa) /// firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com